The Effect of Leucena Leucocephala (Lead Plant) on the Growth Performance of Catfish (Clarias gariepinus)
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 111-114
Received: Jun. 10, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 17, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
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Authors
Okeke John Joseph, Department of Zoology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Ijuh Innocent, Department of Animal Science and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Nwankwo Ogonna Daniel, Department of Animal Science and Environmental Biology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
Arazu Vivian Nneka, Department of Biological Science, Anambra State University, Uli, Nigeria
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Abstract
The efficacy of utilization of dried Leucena leucocephala leaves as a replacement of fish meal ingredient in the diet of African Catfish Clarias gariepinus of mean weight 19.00 + 2.00g and mean length of 14.00 + 0.50cm was evaluated for a period of 60days. The experimental diets contained Leucena leucocephala leaf meal (LLM) at levels of 0% (diet 1), 20% (Diet2), 40% (Diet3) and 60% (Diet4) of the total dietary protein respectively. A total of 80 fingerlings were introduced into 8 aquaria of volume 40litres, each randomly assigned to the four diets (0%, 20%, 40% and 60% LLM inclusion). Each LLM inclusion and the control had 2 replicates with 10 fingerlings in each aquarium. The following growth indices were monitored; Mean Weight Gain (WG) Percentage Weight Gain (PWG) Specific Growth Rate (SGR) and Mortality Rate (MOR). The overall result of the different growth parameters were significantly different (P<0.05). Fish fed with 20% LLM inclusion (Diet2) meal had the best growth performance of 42.85% and a specific growth rate of 0.25 than others. Thus the inclusion of 20% Leucenea leucocephala leaf meal in the diet of cat-fish would improve their growth and reduce the cost of production by fish farmers and if well utilized will cut down importation of fish meal in the country.
Keywords
Lead Plant, Growth, Feed Utilization
To cite this article
Okeke John Joseph, Ijuh Innocent, Nwankwo Ogonna Daniel, Arazu Vivian Nneka, The Effect of Leucena Leucocephala (Lead Plant) on the Growth Performance of Catfish (Clarias gariepinus), American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 111-114. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20140204.11
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