Diversity of Phytoplankton in Iragbo Part of Yewa Lagoon, Southwest, Nigeria
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 41-48
Received: Mar. 23, 2016; Accepted: Apr. 5, 2016; Published: Aug. 21, 2016
Views 4687      Downloads 184
Kokoette Sunday Effiong, Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria
Aniefiok Ini Inyang, Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Akpaden, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
A study of the diversity of phytoplankton in Iragbo part of Yewa Lagoon Lagos was conducted for six months, (December, 2012- May, 2013). The surface water transparency was (≥48.5) and showed direct relationship with phytoplankton abundance. A total of 4875 individuals of 77 phytoplankton species belonging to 6 divisions were identified. Phytoplankton biomass was high in the dry months than wet months. Phytoplankton chlorophyll-a value (0.004) was highest in January. The Centrales diatoms dominated the phytoplankton community. A total of 1475 individuals (30.8%) represents Bacillariophyta, while 635 (13.3%), 15 (0.3%), 2525 (52.8%), 115 (2.4%) and 20(0.4%) represents Chlorophyta, Chrysophyta, Cyanophyta, Euglenophyta, and Pyrrophyta respectively. Cyanophyta were the most abundant (52.8%) while Bacillariophyta had the highest species composition of 28 making up (36.4%) of the total species. Diversity was higher in dry months (≥3.42) than wet months (≤2.99). Chlorophyll-a abundance showed positive correlation with Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and Iron (Fe).
Chlorophyll-a, Diversity, Phytoplankton, Species-Evenness
To cite this article
Kokoette Sunday Effiong, Aniefiok Ini Inyang, Diversity of Phytoplankton in Iragbo Part of Yewa Lagoon, Southwest, Nigeria, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 41-48. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20160404.11
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Effiong, K. S. and Inyang, A. I. (2015). Epiphytic Algae on Aquatic Macrophyte (Water Hyacinth) in a Tropical Lagoon and their Possible Use as Bioindicator. International Journal of Environmental Monitoringand Analysis 2015; 3(6): 404-410.
Lee, R. E. (1999). Phycology. Cambridge University Press, New York. 614pp.
Nwankwo, D. I. (2004). Studies in the environmental preference of blue-green algae (Cyanophyta) in Nigerian coastal waters. Journal of Nigeria Environmental Society. 2(1): 44-55.
Khattak, T. M, Noorzaman Bhatti, Ghulam Murtaza. (2005). Evaluation of Algae from the Effluent of Dandot Cement Company, Dandot, Pakistan. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Mgt. 9(1) 147-149.
Nwankwo, D. I. (1990). Contribution to the Diatom flora of Nigeria. Diatoms of Lagos Lagoon and the adjacent sea. Nigerian Journal of Botany. 3:53-70.
Adesalu, T. A and Nwankwo, D.I. (2005). Studies on the phytoplankton of Olero Creek and parts of Benin River, Nigeria. The Ecologia. 3(2): 21-30.
Nwankwo, D. I. (1984). Seasonal changes of phytoplankton of Lagos and adjacent sea in relation to environmental facors, Ph.D. Thesis. University of Lagos. 447pp.
Onyema, I.C. and Nwankwo, D. I. (2006). The epiphytic assemblages of a polluted estuarine creek in Lagos. Nig. Pol. Res. 25: 459-468.
Nwankwo, D. I., Owoseni, T. I., Usilo, D. I., Obiyan, A. C. and Onyema, I.C. (2008). Hydrochemistry and plankton dynamics of Kuramo Lagoon. Life Science Journal. 5(1): 83-88.
Olaniyan, C. I. O. (1957). The seasonal variation in plankton in Lagos Harbour, Nigeria. –Ph.D. Thesis, University of London, 173pp.
Inyang AI, Sunday KE, Nwankwo, DI. (2015). Composition of Periphyton Community on Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): In Analysis of Environmental Characteristics at Ejirin Part of Epe Lagoon in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Marine Biology. 2015; 1–9.
Hendey, N. I (1964). An introductory account of the small algae of the British coastal water. Port V. Bacillariophyceae. (Diatom) Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and food London Fisheries investigation series. 4:317pp.
AI Inyang, KS Effiong and MU Dan (2015). A Comparative Study of the Periphyton on Eichhornia crassipes and Phytoplankton Communities: An Overview of Environmental Conditions at Ejirin Part of Epe Lagoon, South Western Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 10(5): 1-23pp.
Sandison, E. E. and Hill, M. B. (1966). The distribution of Balanus pallidus strusburi Darwin, Cryphaea gasar (Adanson) Dantzenberg, Mercicerella enigmatica Farvel and Hydroides uniciata (philip) in relation to salinity in Lagos Harbour and adjacent creek. J. Anim.Ecol., 38: 235-258.
Hill, M. B. and Webb, J. E. (1958). The Ecology of the Lagos Lagoon II. The topography and physical features of Lagos harbour and Lagos Lagoon. Physiological transactions of the Royal Society London. 421-447.
Nwankwo, D. I. (1991). Phytoplankton algae on fish fences ‘acadja’ in a tropical open lagoon. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 17: 1-10.
Nwankwo, D. I. and Akinsoji, A. (1992). Epiphytic community on water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms. In coastal waters on south-western Nigeria. Archive Hydrobiologie. 124 (4): 501-511.
Nwankwo, D. I. (1993). Cyanobacteria bloom species in coastal waters South-West Nigeria. Archive fur hydrobiology. 90: 543-553.
Mann, K.A (2000). Ecology of Coastal waters with implication for management (2nd edition). Blackwell Science Incorporated, Massachusetts. 406pp.
Prasaad, S. N. (2000). Marine Biology. Campus Book International, New Delhi. 467pp.
Marder, S. S. (2001). Biology. In: Diversity of the protists. Kane, K. T., Reiddy, P. E Melde, A and Love, D. (Eds.). 7th edition. The MacGraw-Hill Componies, Inc., New York. 528-540pp.
Egborge ABN. Water hyacinth – biological museum. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Water Hyacinth, Lagos.1988; 52–70.
Lackey, J.B. (1938). The Manipulation and counting of river plankton and changes in some organisms due to formalin preservation. US Public Health Reports. 63: 2080-2093.
Patrick, R. and Riener, C. W. (1975). The diatom of the United State. Monograph of the Academy of Natural Science. Philadelphia. 13: 1-213.
Desikachany, T. V. (1959). Cyanophyta. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi: 686pp.
Prescott, G. W. (1990). How to know the phytoplanktonic algae, WMC Brown Company publishers. 356pp.
Holm-Harsen, O. (1970). Chlorophyll-a determination improvements in methodology OIKOS, 30: 438-447.
Margalef, D. R. (1957). Diversided de especies en les communideades naturales. –Publ. Inst. Biol.apl. Barcelona. 9: 5-27.
Jaccard, P. (1912). “The distribution of the flora in the alpine zone”. New Phytologist. 11: 37-50.
Nwankwo, D. I. (1998). The influence of sawmill woodwastes on Diatom Population at Okobaba, Lagos- Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Botany, 11: 15-24.
Olaniyan, C. I. O. (1969). The seasonal variation in the hydrology and total plankton of the Lagos Lagoon of south-western Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Science. 3(2): 101-129.
Pudo, J. (1989). Ekologiezne skuki sanieczys-zozenia wod ropa naftowa Peludniowej Nigerii (South Nigeria ecological consequence of crude oil water pollution).-Gosp.Wodna 4: 85-87(in polish with English summary).
Nwankwo, D. I. (1996). Phytoplankton diversity and succession in Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Avchiv Fur Hydrobiologie. 135(4): 529-542.
Barclay, M. H. (1966). An ecological study of a temporary pond near Auckland, New Zealand. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Reasearch., 17: 239-258.
Onynekan, J. A. (1987). Benthic macrofauna communities of Lagos Lagoon Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Science. 21(182): 45-51.
Nwankwo, D. I. and Onitiri, A. O. (1992). Periphyton community on submerged aquatic macrophytes (Hornwort and Bladderwort) in Epe Lagoon, Nigeria. Agric. Sci. Technol. 2 (2):135-141.
Patrick, R. (1965). The effect of varying amount and ratios of nitrogen and Phosphate on algal bloom. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Industrial Waste Conference, Purdue University, Indiana, 208pp.
Webb, J. E. (1960). Biology in the tropics. Nature, London 188 (4751): 617-619.
Karentz, D. and McIntire, C. D. (1977). Distribution of diatoms in the plankton of Yaquing Estuary Oregon. J. Phycol. 13: 379-388.
Walsby, A. E. and Reynolds, C. S. (1979). “Sinking and floating in phytoplankton Ecology”. In: I. Morris, (ed.). The Ecology of Phytoplankton. Blackwell Scientific Publication Limited, London. 684 pp.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186