Effect of Genotype and Genotype – Environment Interaction on Productive Performance of Japanese Quail Varieties
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 49-52
Received: Jul. 25, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 9, 2016; Published: Aug. 25, 2016
Views 2640      Downloads 67
Authors
Khalid Hamid Hassan, Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Baquba, Iraq
Ali Rafea Abd–Alsattar, Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, University of Diyala, Baquba, Iraq
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Two experiments were conducted at the poultry farm of Department of Animal Production – College of Agriculture – University of Diyala / Iraq, the first experiment performed in Autumn season using 324 birds and the second experiment performed in Spring season using 397 birds reared for ten weeks, the study aimed to detect the productive performance of three varieties of Japanese quail(White, Black and Brown plumage color) in the natural conditions of Iraq during Spring and Autumn seasons and the effect of genotype × environment interaction (G × E) on meat and egg production. The statistical analysis done according to factorial experiment in Completely Randomized Design (3 × 2) with three replicates. The results showed, significant superiority of the Black variety in the body weight measurements during the first 5 weeks of age, while there were no significant differences found in body weight between Black and Brown varieties during 6 and 7 weeks of age. There were significant differences due to G×E in body weight measurements of all weeks of rearing. The results showed significant superiority of the Black variety compared with White variety in feed consumption and weight gain traits, and also there were a significant superiority of measurements during Spring season rearing compared with Autumn season rearing in respect of weight gain and feed conversion traits, also there were significant G×E effect in feed conversion. There was a significant superiority of measurements during Autumn season rears in the age of sexual maturity of females, hen day egg production (%), and the number of eggs per hen.
Keywords
Japanese Quail, Variety, Season Effect, G×E Interaction
To cite this article
Khalid Hamid Hassan, Ali Rafea Abd–Alsattar, Effect of Genotype and Genotype – Environment Interaction on Productive Performance of Japanese Quail Varieties, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 49-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20160404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Santos, T. C., Murakami, A. E., Fanhani, J. C. and Oliveira, C. A. Production and reproduction of Egg and Meat type quails reared in different group sizes. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 13 (1): 9–14. 2011.
[2]
Alders, R. G. Challenges, and opportunities for small- scale family poultry production in developing countries. XXIV World´s Poultry Congress 5 - 9 August - 2012. Salvador - Bahia – Brazil. 2012.
[3]
Figueiredo, E. A. P. Entrepreneurial small-scale family poultry production in developing countries. Proceedings of the XXIV World´s Poultry Congress, Salvador. 2012.
[4]
Tavaniello, S. Effect of cross-breed of meat and egg line on productive performance and meat quality in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) from different generations. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Molise. 2014.
[5]
Hassan, K. H. Poultry Breeding. 1st Edition, Diyala University Press. Iraq. 2011.
[6]
Minvielle, F., Hirigoyen, E., Boulay, M. Associated Effects of the Roux Plumage Color Mutation on Growth, Carcass Traits, Egg Production, and Reproduction of Japanese Quail. Poultry Sci. 78: 1479-1484. 1999.
[7]
Islam, M. S., Faruque, S., Khatun, H., Islam, M. N. Comparative Production Performances of Different Types of Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). The Agriculturists 12 (2): 151-155. 2014.
[8]
Conner, J. K., Hartl, D. L. A Primer of Ecological Genetics. 1st Ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers, USA. 2014.
[9]
Nätt, D. Heritable epigenetic responses to environmental challenges. LiU-Tryck, Linköping, Sweden. 2011.
[10]
Ozbey, O., Ozcelik, M. The effect of high environmental temperature on growth performance of Japanese quails with different body weights. International Journal of Poultry Science, 3 (7): 468-470. 2004.
[11]
Hassan, K. H. Evaluation of productive performance of Japanese quail in summer of Iraq. Diyala Agricultural Science Journal, 5 (2): 69–80. 2013.
[12]
Hassan, K. H., Ahmad, A. A., Dawood, T. A., Fadil, N. K. Study of dress percentage and relative weights of carcass parts in various ages of Japanese quail in Iraq. Diyala Agricultural Science Journal, 5 (2): 92-103. 2013
[13]
Hassan Khalid Hamid, Ali Rafea Abd – Alsattar, Homam Abed Al Kareem Yassen, Haeder Their Abed, Dalal Abed Alrazak Abdul Wahab. Effect of Variety, Age, and Sex in Some Productive Traits In Japanese Quail in Iraq. American Journal of BioScience, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 55-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20150302.15.
[14]
Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F test. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186