Community Knowledge, Attitude and Practice About Malaria and Mosquito Biting Behavior in Southern Ethiopia
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 80-88
Received: Jul. 9, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 21, 2017;
Published: Oct. 26, 2017
Views 1356 Downloads 51
Temam Abrar Hamza, Department of Bio-technology, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Nuredin Nassir Azmach, Department of Statistics, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Awel Abdella Husen, Department of Physics, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Malaria has been the leading cause of mortality for many years in underdeveloped countries like Ethiopia. Community Knowledge of cause and transmission of malaria and mosquito feeding behavior is key to design appropriate health communication strategies for malaria prevention and control. The present study aimed to assess knowledge and awareness on malaria and its association with mosquitoes in Dembele kebele, southeastern, Ethiopia. A community cross sectional study was carried out in Dembele kebele from January to February, 2017. A total of 159 randomly selected individuals were interviewed to assess their KAP about malaria. Data were collected by an interview based structured questionnaire after pre-tested. The collected data were entered in to SPSS for data coding and analysis. Binary logistic regressions analysis was applied and statistical significance test was declared at P-value <0.05 and OR with 95% CI. All respondents had ever heard of malaria and more than 86% of them believed that malaria was one of the most health problem diseases of the community. Most of the respondents (70.4%) were reported mosquito bite as the cause of malaria. The majority (79.2%) and (74.2%) of respondents had good levels of knowledge on transmission and prevention of malaria respectively. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that, knowledge on mode of malaria transmission was positively associated with sex (male) (OR=3.3; CI, 1.27-7.22), age (OR=5.03; CI, 1.03-24.46) and education level (OR=3.30; 95% CI, 1.04-10.50). Among socio-demographic variables, only education level (OR=3.8; CI, 1.51-9.65) was significance factor to knowledge on malaria prevention. The study aimed to assess knowledge and awareness regarding the cause, transmission and preventive measures of malaria; it was found to be high. Use of mosquito net as protective measure against mosquito bites was high in the study area. However, distance of respondent house is near to the mosquito breeding site. Therefore, environmental management and use of other additional preventive methods is very important to reduce prevalence of malaria in study area. Sex, age and education level were strong predictors of knowledge on malaria.
Temam Abrar Hamza,
Nuredin Nassir Azmach,
Awel Abdella Husen,
Community Knowledge, Attitude and Practice About Malaria and Mosquito Biting Behavior in Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of BioScience.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2017, pp. 80-88.
Joel G B, Martin S A and Anne M (2004). Conquering the Intolerable burden of Malaria: What’s New, What’s needed: A Summary. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2):1-15.
Seyoum A, Balcha F and Balkew M (2002). Impact of cattle keeping on human biting rate of Anopheline Mosquitoes and malaria transmission around Ziway, Ethiopia. East African Medical Journal, 9(9):485-490.
FMOH, Malaria diagnosis and treatment guidelines for health workers in Ethiopia, 2nd edition, Addis Ababa, July 2004; PP 1-2.
Ethiopian Public Health Association (EPHA) (2004). Proceeding of the Panel Discussion on The 2003 Malaria Epidemics in Ethiopia; Addis Ababa, 6-28.
Mathania M, Kimera S I and Silayo R S (2016). Knowledge and awareness of malaria and mosquito biting behaviour in selected sites within Morogoro and Dodoma regions Tanzania. Malaria Journal, 15(287):1-9.
Mitiku K, Mengistu G and Gelaw B (2003). The reliability of blood film examination for malaria at the peripheral health unit. Ethiopia Journal of Health Development, 17(3):197-204.
Castro M C, Yamagata Y and Deomtaslwa (2004). Integrated urban malaria control: A case study in Dares Salaam, Tanzania. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2):103-117.
Kate M, Joseph K and Stephen S (2002). Examining the determinants of mosquito-avoidance practice in two Kenyan cities. Malaria Journal, 1:14, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-1-14; Available at http://www.malariajournal.com/content/1/1/14.
Ghebreyesus T A, Witten K H, Getachew A, Yohannes A M, Tesfay W, Minass M, Bosman A, and Teklehaimanot A (2000). The community Based Malaria Control Program in Tigray, Northern, Ethiopia. The Review of Program Set-up, Activities, Outcomes and Impact. Parassitologia, 42(3-4):255-290.
Regmi K, Kunwar A and Ortega L (2016). A systematic review of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about malaria among the South Asian population. Infection Ecology and Epidemiology, 6:30822.
 Richard C, Kamini N M and Donald R (2000). Spatial targeting of interventions against malaria. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78:1401-1411.
Abose T, Yeebiyo Y and Olana D (1998). Re-orientation and definition of the role of malaria vector control in Ethiopia. WHO, Division of Control of Tropical Diseases. WHO/MA/98.1085; PP 1-9.
Sarah G, Staedke E, Willis N, Cox J, Moses R. Kamya, Philip J, Rosenthal and Dorsey G (2003). Short Report: Proximity to Mosquito Breeding Sites as a Risk factor for Clinical Malaria Episodes in an Urban cohort of Uganda Children. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 69(3):244-246.
Robert V, Macintrye K and Keating J(2003). Malaria transmission in urban sub-Saharan Africa. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 68(2):169-176.
Keiser J, Utzinger J, Castro M C, Smith T A, Tanner M and Singer B H (2004). Urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa and Implication for Malaria Control. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2):118-127.
Fantahun M and Degu G (2004). Burden of Diseases in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Ethiopia Medicinal Journal, 42(3):165-172.
Fantahun M and Degu G (2003). Health Service Utilization in Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Ethiopia Journal of Health Development, 17(2):141-147.
Planning and Programming Department, FMOH, Health and health related indicators, Feb. 2004; PP 38-43.
[Knudsen A B and Slooff R (1992). Vector-borne disease problems in rapid urbanization: new approaches to vector control. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 70(1):1-6.
The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Health, Malaria Control Profile: Addis Ababa, March 2000; PP 1-10.
Abate A, Degarege A and Erko B (2013). Community knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria in a low endemic setting of Shewa Robit Town, northeastern Ethiopia. BMC Public Health, 13(312):1-8.
Das A, Gupta D R K, Friedman J, Pradhan M M, Mohapatra C C and Sandhibigraha D (2013). Community perceptions on malaria and care-seeking practices in endemic Indian settings: policy implications for the malaria control programme. Malaria Journal 12(39):1-12.
Kimbi K H, Nkesa S B, Ndamukong-Nyanga J L, Sumbele I U N, Atashili J and Atanga M B S (2014). Knowledge and perceptions towardsmalaria prevention among vulnerable groups in the Buea Health District, Cameroon. BMC Public Health 14(883).
Fuge T G, Ayanto S Y and Gurmamo F L (2015). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria and ITNs utilization among pregnant women in Shashogo District, Southern Ethiopia. Malaria Journal, 14(235):1-9.
Serengbe G B, Moyen J M, Fioboy R, Beyam E N, Kango C, Bangue C and Manirakiza A (2015). Knowledge and perceptions about malaria in communities in four districts of the Central African Republic. BMC Research Notes, 8(162):1-6.
Ayalew A (2010). Knowledge And Practice Of Malaria Prevention Methods Among Residents Of Arba Minch Town And Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Science, 20(3):185-193.
Sood R D, Mittal P K, Kapoora N, Razdan R K, Dua V K and Dash A P (2010). Community awareness, perceptions, acceptability and preferences for using LLIN against malaria in villages of Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal of Vector Borne Disease, 47:243-248.
Bonke woreda/Town administration health office: Bonke woreda/Town administration health office 2016/2017 report. Bonke woreda/Town, Southern region: Bonke woreda/Town health center; 2017.
Lora L S, Abanish R, Mohamed I B, Mrigendra P S, Jordan T, Blair J W, Katherine M J, Kojo Y A, Neeru S and Davidson H H (2010). Attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding malaria prevention and treatment among pregnant women in eastern India. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82(supp 6):1010-1016.
Kebede A, Mccann J C, Kiszewski A E and Ye-ebiyo Y (2005). New evidence of the effects of agro-ecologic change on malaria transmission. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 4(supp 73):676-680.
Ayele D G, Zewotir T T and Mwambi H G (2012). Prevalence and risk factors of malaria in Ethiopia. Malaria Journal, 11:195.
Dickson S N, Anna L N, Henri L F K, Jules C N A, Charles S W, Sarah M N and Alfred K N (2011). Knowledge and practices relating to malaria in Ndu community of Cameroon: Signs and symptoms, causes and prevention. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, 3(supp 6):294-300.
Ghosh S K, Patil R R, Tiwari S and Dash A P (2006). A community-based health education programme for bio-environmental control of malaria through folk theatre (Kalajatha) in rural India. Malaria Journal, 5:123.
Legesse M and Deressa W (2009). Community awareness about malaria, its treatment and mosquito vector in rural highlands of central Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 23(supp 1):40-47.
Khairya S, Al-Surimi K, Ali A, Shubilyd H M, Al Walaane N, Househ M, and El-Metwally A (2017). Knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria in south-western Saudi Arabia: A household-based cross-sectional survey. Journal of Infection and Public Health, available at http://www.elsevier.com/lo cate/jiph.
Safari M K, Fabian M, Joseph R M, Soori E N, Godfrey M K, Robert M, Coleman K, Stephen M and Leonard E G M (2010). Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria among communities: Comparing epidemic and non-epidemic prone communities of Muleba district, North-western Tanzania. BMC Public Health, 10:395.
Das A and Ravindran T K S (2011). Community knowledge on malaria among febrile patients in an endemic district of Orissa, India. Journal of Vector Borne Disease, 48:46-51.
Adedotun A A, Morenikeji O A and Odaibo A B (2010). Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria in an urban community in South-Western Nigeria. Journal of Vector Borne Disease, 47:155-159.