The Performance of Wheat Varieties in Resisting the Drought at Nilphamari District of Bangladesh
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 38-44
Received: Oct. 31, 2018; Accepted: Apr. 15, 2019; Published: Jun. 28, 2019
Views 570      Downloads 83
Matiur Rahman, Research Initiatives Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Meghna Guhathakurta, Research Initiatives Bangladesh, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Musfikur Rahman, Maternal and Child Health Division, International Center for Diarrhea Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of resisting the drought to wheat varieties at three Upazilas of Nilphamari district of Bangladesh namely, Saidpur, Nilphamari Sadar and Jaldhaka. The main objectives that the study aimed to achieve include, (i) identification of drought stress tolerant wheat varieties by the small and marginal farmers through adaptive trials thus found more productive and profitable; and (ii) demonstration of modern wheat cultivation technologies generated awareness, improved knowledge, attitude and perceived adoption of modern wheat production among the demonstrating as well as neighbouring farmers. Four separate trials for identification of drought stress tolerant varieties were planned and implemented using Split-Plot design. Crop production technologies as recommended by BARI were used in the trials. Study findings showed comparatively lower yield in ‘zero’ irrigation i.e. rainfed condition in all the varieties (ranging from 3.89 tons to 4.05 tons/ha, average being 3.97 tons/ha) as against single irrigation (4.07 tons-4.61 tons/ha, average being 4.32 tons/ha), two irrigation (4.11 tons–4.59 tons/ha, average being 4.41tons/ha) and three irrigations (4.56 tons–4.94 tons, average being 4.70 tons/ha). The yield difference between ‘0' & 1,1 & 2, and 2 & 3 irrigations did not reveal a significant difference in most of the varieties. But in most of the varieties, significant differences were observed between ‘0' and 3 irrigations. In ‘0' irrigation, all the varieties performed similar with respect to yield, but BARI Gom21 performed slightly better over the other varieties.
Drought, Climate Change, Irrigation, Wheat Variety, Adaptive Trail
To cite this article
Matiur Rahman, Meghna Guhathakurta, Musfikur Rahman, The Performance of Wheat Varieties in Resisting the Drought at Nilphamari District of Bangladesh, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 38-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190702.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Amandeep, K., Sohu, V. S. and Mavi, G. S. Genotypic variation for physiological traits associated with heat tolerance in bread wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Crop. Improvement, 34 (2): 117-123. 2007.
J. A. Syeda (2017). Impact of Climate Change on Wheat Production in Dinajpur Region of Bangladesh: an Econometric Analysis. J. Environ. Sci. & Natural Resources, 10 (2): 157–162, 2017.
Mikhail A Semenov. Climate change impact and adaptation for wheat protein. on Nov 22, 2018.
Godfray, H., Charles J., et al. (2010) Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People. Science, 327, 812-818.
Wheeler, T. and von Braun, J. (2013) Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security. Science, 341, 508-513.
M, Rosegrant, X, Cai, S, Cline, and N, Nakagawa (2002) The Role of Rainfed Agriculture in the Future of Global Food Production. International Food Policy Research Institute 2033 K Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 20006 U.S.A.
Rosegrant MW, M, Agcaoili. (2010) Global food demand, supply, and price prospects to 2010.Washington, DC:. [Google Scholar].
CIMMYT and ICARDA. 2011. WHEAT—global alliance for improving food security and the livelihoods of the resources-poor in the developing world. Proposal submitted by CIMMYT and ICARDA to the CGIAR consortium board, in collaboration with Biodiversity, ICRISAT, IFPRI, ILRI, IRRI, IWMI, 86 NARS Institute, 13 Regional and International Organizations, 71 Universities and Advance Research Institutes, 15 Private Sector Organizations, 14 NGOs and Farmers Cooperatives and 20 Host Countries, 197.
Hossain A, Teixeira da Silva JA. 2013. Wheat production in Bangladesh: its future in the light of global warming. AoB PLANTS 5: pls042; doi: 10.1093/aobpla/pls042
John, W. Schmid (1983). Drought resistance and wheat breeding, Agricultural Water Management, Volume 7, Issues 1–3, September 1983, Pages 181-194.
Drought-tolerant wheat varieties gain popularity in Barind.
BARI (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute). 2012b. Year of release and average yield of Bangladesh wheat varieties developed since 1974.
Rane, J. and Nagarajan, S. 2004. High temperature index-for field evaluation of heat tolerance in wheat varieties. Agricultural Systems, 79 (2): 243-255.
Amandeep, K., Sohu, V. S. and Mavi, G. S. 2007. Genotypic variation for physiological traits associated with heat tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Crop. Improvement, 34 (2): 117-123.
Singh, J. P., Shambhoo P., Singh K. N., and Randhir S. 2007. Screening of heat tolerant wheat varieties by membrane thermostability index in relation to yield and yield attributing traits. Int. J. Plant Sci. Muzzaffarmagar, 2 (2): 159-165.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186