Effect of Varieties, Fungicides and Application Frequencies to Wheat Yellow Rust Disease (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) Management in Arsi Highlands of Ethiopia
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 113-122
Received: Oct. 8, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 28, 2019; Published: Dec. 7, 2019
Views 112      Downloads 46
Alemu Ayele, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research-Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella, Ethiopia 2Department of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Chala·, Department of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Elfinesh Shikur, Department of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Wheat is one of Ethiopia’s foremost important cereal crops in terms of area coverage and volume produced. However, the production and productivity of wheat is constrained by various biotic and a biotic stresses, among which wheat yellow rust disease caused by Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici is the one. Field experiments were conducted to develop integrated wheat yellow rust management strategy based on optimal frequency of fungicide application and wheat varieties combination at hotspot environments of Meraro and Bekoji, Arsi zone, in 2017 main cropping season. Treatments included two different fungicides, Epoxiconazole + Thiophanate-methyl and Propiconazole applied in two frequencies; and four bread wheat cultivars (Kubsa, Danda'a, Lemu and Wane), known for their differential reaction to the disease. Unsprayed controls were also included for comparison purposes. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design in factorial arrangement with three replications. Terminal severity levels up to 13%, 37%, 53% and 90% at Bekoji, and 11.67%, 53.3%, 58.33%, 92% at Meraro were recorded on the unsprayed varieties of Wane, Lemu, Danda’a and Kubsa, respectively. Twice application frequency of Epoxiconazole + Thiophanate-methyl resulted in a significant (P<0.01) grain yield increment of up to 95.3%, 76.4%, and 1086.8% at Bekoji and 129.7%, 135.5%, 2883.2% at Meraro on unsprayed plots of Lemu, Danda’a, and Kubsa, respectively. But yield increments as a result of fungicide applications were relatively lower (29.8% and 65.9% at Bekoji and Meraro, respectively) on the resistant variety Wane. Twice application of Epoxiconazole + Thiophanate-methyl at 15 days interval starting from the appearance of disease has proved the most effective in terms of reducing the level of stripe rust, and increasing grain and crop biomass yield. The current findings demonstrate the role fungicides and host resistance may play in effectively managing stripe rust of wheat. However, further research is needed to come up with other management options to sustainable and cost effective manage the disease under different agro-ecological settings.
AUDPC, Bread Wheat, Fungicide, Incidence, Infection Rate, Severity, Yield, Yellow Rust
To cite this article
Alemu Ayele, Alemayehu Chala·, Elfinesh Shikur, Effect of Varieties, Fungicides and Application Frequencies to Wheat Yellow Rust Disease (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) Management in Arsi Highlands of Ethiopia, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 113-122. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190706.15
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A., Mishra V. K., Vyas RP. & Singh V. 2011. Heterosis and combining ability analysis in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal Plant Breeding Crop Science. 3: 209-217.
CSA (Central Statics Agency). 2017. Agricultural sample survey: Report on area and production of major crops (Private peasant holdings, Meher Season). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 1: Pp 14.
Chai Y., Kriticos D. J., Beddow J. M., Duveiller E., Cuddy W., Yonow T. & Sutherst R. W. 2015. Puccinia striiformis. Harvest Choice Pest Geography. St. Paul, MN: InSTePP-Harvest Choice. 27-332-355.
Aquino P., Carrion F. & Calvo R. 2002. Selected wheat statistics. In: World Wheat Overview and Outlook 2002–2001: Developing No-Till Packages for Small-Scale Farmers. (Journal of Ekboir, ed.). CIMMYT, Mexico DF. 52–62.
Singh RP., William HM., Huerta-Espino J. & Rosewarne G. 2004. International surveillance of wheat rust pathogens: Progress and challenges, specific areas of the country with new technologies including wheat varieties. Proceedings 4th International Crop Science Congruence.
Chen X. M. 2005. Epidemiology & control of stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) on wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 27: 314-337.
Ayele Badebo, Fehrmann H. & Yahyaoui A. 2008a. Status of wheat stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis) races and their virulence in major wheat growing areas of Ethiopia. Pest Management Journal of Ethiopia. 12: 1-7.
Worku Denbel. 2014. Epidemics of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in Arsi and West Arsi Zones of Ethiopia in 2010 and identification of effective resistance genes. Journal of Natural Science Research. 4: 33-39.
Ayele Badebo. 2002. Breeding bread wheat with multiple disease resistance and high yield for the Ethiopian highlands: Broadening the genetic basis of yellow rust and tan spot resistance. PhD Thesis. Cuvillier Verlag Goettingen, Germany. Pp. 115.
Pathan A. K. & Park R. F. 2007. Evaluation of seedling and adult plant resistance to stem rust in European wheat cultivars. Euphytica. 155, 87–105.
Rowell JB. 1968. Chemical control of the cereal rusts. Annual Review Phytopathol. 6: 243-262.
Line R. F. 2002. Stripe rust of wheat and barley in North America: a retrospective historical review. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 40: 75-118.
Cooper J. & Dobson H. 2007. The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Journal of Crop protection. 26: 1337-1348.
Dereje Hailu & Chemeda Fininsa. 2007. Relationship between stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis) and grain quality of bread wheat (Triticumaestivum) in the highlands of Bale, South Eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment. 5: 24-30.
German S., Campos P., Chaves M., Madariaga R. & Kohli M. 2011. Challenges in controlling leaf rust in the Southern Cone region of South America. BGRI Technical Workshop. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Murray G. M. & Brennan J. P. 2009. The Current and Potential Costs from Diseases of Wheat in Australia. Grains Research & Development Corporation.
Zheng W., Huang L., Huang J., Wang X., Chen X., Zhao J., Guo J., Zhuang H., Qiu C. & Liu J., 2010. High genome heterozygosity and endemic genetic recombination in the wheat stripe rust fungus. Nature Communications 4: 2673/doi: 10.1038.
Wanyera R., Njau., Jin Y., Szabo L. J., Rouse M. N., Fetch T., Winnipeg Jr. & Pretorius Z. A. 2009. Detection of Virulence to Resistance Gene Sr36 within the TTKS Race Lineage of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici. American Phytopathological Society. 93 (4): 367-370.
Birhan Abdulkadir. 2011. KARC Stations distribution and website description.
Roelfs A. P., Singh R. P. & Saari E. E. 1992. Rust Diseases of Wheat: Concepts and Methods of Disease Management. CIMMYT, Mexico, D. F. P 81.
Arama P. F., Parlevliet J. E. & Van Silfhout C. H. 2000. Heading date and resistance to septoria tritici blotch in wheat not genetically associated. Journal of Euphytica. 106: pp. 63-68.
Vanderplank J. E. 1963. Plant Diseases: epidemics and control. Academic Press, New York.
American Association of Cereal Chemistry (AACC). 2000. Approved Methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc. State Paul, Minnesota and U.S.A. 1200 pp.
Gomez K. A. & Gomez A. A. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
SAS (Statically Analysis Software). 2004. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, North California. First printing, January 2004. SAS Publishing provides. 513 pp.
Ahmed A. U., Bakr M. A., Chowdhury J. A. & Sarkar M. A. 2006. Efficacy of six fungicides in controlling rust (Uromyces fabae) disease of lentil (Lens culinaris). Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology. 22: 39-40.
Nagaraja H. & Patil P. V. 2014. Development of integrated spray schedule for the management of pearl millet rust in Northern dry zone of Karnataka. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science. 27 (3): 308-311.
Bagga PS. 2007. Efficacy of triazole and strobilurin fungicides for controlling Fusarium Head Blight and Brown rust of wheat in Punjab. Indian journal of Phytopathology. 60 (4): 489-493.
Kebede Tadesse, Ayalew Amare. & Ayele Badebo. 2010. Effect of Tilt on the development of wheat stem rust and yield of wheat varieties in highlands of Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal. 18: 23-33.
Pandy, H. N.; Menon, T. C. & Rao M. V. 1989. A simple formula for calculating area under disease progress curve. Rachis. 8: 38-39.
Roelfs A. P. 1985b. The cereal rusts, Vol. II: diseases, distribution, epidemiology and control. Orlando (FL): Academic Press of Epidemiology, in North America. pp. 403-434.
Beard C. Jayasena K. Thomas G. and Loughman, R. 2004. Managing stem rust of wheat. Farmnote 73, State of Western Australia.
Buchenauer H. 1987. Modern selective fungicides: Properties, application, mechanism of action. Jena (GDR): VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag. Chapter 6, Mechanism of action of triazolyl fungicides and related compounds. pp. 205-232.
Viljanen-Rollinson SLH. Parkes RA. Armour T. & MG Cromey. 2002. Fungicide control of stripe rust in wheat: Protection or eradication? New Zealand Plant Protection. 55: 336-340.
Reid D. and Swart J. 2004. Evaluation of Foliar Fungicides for the Control of Stripe Rust (Puccinia striiformis) in SRWW in the Northern Texas Backlands. Department of Agricultural Sciences, Texas A & M University-Commerce.
Wiik L. & Rosenqvist H. 2010. The economics of fungicide use in winter wheat in southern Sweden. Journal of Crop Protection. 29 (1): 11-19.
Ruske R. E, Gooding M. J. & Jones S. A. 2003. The effects of adding picoxystrobin, azoxystrobin and nitrogen to a triazole programme on disease control, flag leaf senescence, yield and grain quality of winter wheat. Crop protection Journal. 22 (7): 978-987.
Olesen J. E., Mortensen J. V., Jørgensen L. N. &Andersen M. N. 2000. Irrigation strategy, nitrogen application and fungicide control in winter wheat on a sandy soil. I. Yield, yield components and nitrogen uptake. Journal of Agricultural Science. Cambridge 134: 1-11.
Kelley K. W. 2001. Planting date and foliar fungicide effects on yield components and grain traits of winter wheat. Journal of Agronomy. 93 (2): 380-389.
Everts, KL., Leath S., and Finney PL. 2001. Impact of powdery mildew and leaf rust on milling and baking quality of soft red winter wheat. Journal of Plant Disease. 85: 4, pp 23-429.
O'Brien L. Brown J. Panozzo J. and Archer M. 1990. The effect of stripe rust on the quality of Australian wheat varieties. Aus J Agri Res. 41: 827-833.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186