Physico-Chemical Analysis of Waste Water Used for Agricultural Purpose in Surrounding of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 39-42
Received: Aug. 4, 2014;
Accepted: Aug. 8, 2014;
Published: Sep. 2, 2014
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Ghulam Murtaza Mastoi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Khalid Hussain Lashari, Department of Fresh Water Biology and fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Zameer Ali Palh, Department of Fresh Water Biology and fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
T. Jabeen Ursani, Department of Zoology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Anila Naz Soomro, Department of Fresh Water Biology and fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Zulfiqar Ali Laghari, Department of Zoology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Abdul Waheed Mastoi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Irrigation with sewage is common practice of the farmers living in surrounding areas of urban colonies in Pakistan. Sewage contains a complex mixture of impurities. Waste water used for agricultural purpose without any treatment though it contains lot of the harmful impurities. During this study three villages were selected around the Hyderabad city and 12 samples were collected. Various characteristics of the sewage samples were determined such as total residues, total fixed residues, volatile residues, salinity, alkalinity, TDS, temperature, color, pH, conductivity, etc. Aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of waste water. It was found that waste water had moderate to increased hardness and salinity. Moreover, these water samples contained from 300 to 1800 mg/L of total residues. Nevertheless the pH-value was normal, in the range 6.7-7.0, that is suitable for water used for irrigation. Further investigations are required to determine toxicity of the waste water, as well as content and accumulation of heavy metals.
Ghulam Murtaza Mastoi,
Khalid Hussain Lashari,
Zameer Ali Palh,
T. Jabeen Ursani,
Anila Naz Soomro,
Zulfiqar Ali Laghari,
Abdul Waheed Mastoi,
Physico-Chemical Analysis of Waste Water Used for Agricultural Purpose in Surrounding of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan, American Journal of BioScience. Special Issue:Chemical Biology.
Vol. 2, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 39-42.
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