Expression of Hox Genes, Zen (GB 51301) ANT and UBX during the Development of Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 43-48
Received: Aug. 7, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 14, 2014; Published: Sep. 2, 2014
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Authors
Mariapia Viola-Magni, Enrico Puccinelli ONLUS Foundation, Non-Profit Private Research Center, via Cestellini n° 3, Ponte San Giovanni, Perugia Italy
Samuela Cataldi, Department of Economic Sciences and Food Sciences, section of Food Chemistry, Biochemistry, Physiology and Nutrition (DSEEA), University of Perugia, via San Costanzo, Perugia, Italy
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Abstract
Homeobox genes are present in the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera and their expression has been studied principally during embryonic development. The aim of this research was to evaluate expression of three key Hox genes from the larval period to the adult. The expression of honeybee GB51301, Ant and Ubx were examined in 24 and 72 hrs of larvae and pupa, classified on the basis of eye colours, using quantitative RT PCR on either the entire body or the head only. The results show that levels of expression from these genes change in relation to the development of various organs. GB51301(HOX3/zen) expression is mainly localised in the head, and it is expressed in the larvae, when the first nervous cells are formed and in the adult worker. ANTP is expressed in the white-eye pupa at a similar time to the development of antenna. UBX is also expressed in white and red eye pupae at a similar time to leg formation. The expression of these genes is practically absent in the brown eye pupa, when the development of these organs is completed. These genes are found mainly in the body.
Keywords
Apis mellifera Honey Bee, Development, Hox Genes, Expression
To cite this article
Mariapia Viola-Magni, Samuela Cataldi, Expression of Hox Genes, Zen (GB 51301) ANT and UBX during the Development of Honey Bee (Apis mellifera), American Journal of BioScience. Special Issue: Chemical Biology. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 43-48. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.s.2014020601.18
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