Evaluation of the Storage Quality of Coconut Seed Using Extracts of Mangifera indica Against Ceratocysis paradoxa, the Bole Rot Fungus
American Journal of BioScience
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 45-49
Received: Dec. 10, 2018; Accepted: May 21, 2019; Published: Jul. 1, 2019
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Authors
Okwelle Austin Achinike, Biology Department, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
George Tubo Stephen, Biology Department, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera Linn) is undoubtedly the most economically important species in the palm family of Areacacea. Coconut meal is solely prepared from the coconut seed which, has been found to be attacked by several disease causing microorganisms especially Ceratocysis paradoxa, a fungus that causes the devastating Bole rot disease. The study is designed to assess the storage stability of coconut seed by applying bioorganic extracts of Mangifera indica on the bole rot pathogen, Ceratocysis paradoxa. Four different concentrations (3, 6, 9 and 12 %) of the stem and root extracts of M. indica were obtained using a fair-fold sterile cheese cloth and tested on the fungus cultured on plates of Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) medium. Data obtained was analysed using the two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The result showed significant fungal mycelial growth inhibition with the 9% root extract concentration than the stem extracts concentrations. The antifungal properties of M. indica root extract can be further harnessed, processed and packaged as one of the natural bioorganic alternatives to chemical fungicides.
Keywords
Coconut Seed, Spoilage Fungi, Ceratocysis paradoxa, Mangifera indica Extract, Antifungal Activity
To cite this article
Okwelle Austin Achinike, George Tubo Stephen, Evaluation of the Storage Quality of Coconut Seed Using Extracts of Mangifera indica Against Ceratocysis paradoxa, the Bole Rot Fungus, American Journal of BioScience. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 45-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190702.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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