Experimental Study on Thermal Conductivity of Teak Wood Dust Reinforced Epoxy Composite Using Lee’s Apparatus Method
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 98-103
Received: Nov. 23, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 9, 2014; Published: Dec. 18, 2014
Views 2931      Downloads 354
Authors
Ramesh Chandra Mohapatra, Mechanical Engineering Department, Government College of Engineering, Keonjhar, India
Antaryami Mishra, Mechanical Engineering Departmet, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang, India
Bibhuti Bhushan Choudhury, Mechanical Engineering Departmet, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In the present work, the effective thermal conductivity of teak wood dust (TWD) filled epoxy composites at different volume fractions (6.5, 11.3, 26.8 and 35.9%) have been determined experimentally by using Lee’s Apparatus. Composites of teak wood dust particles of 150µ, 200µ and 250µ sizes with varying volume fractions (6.5, 11.3, 26.8 and 35.9%) have been developed by hand lay up technique. From the tests it is observed that for each size of TWD, the thermal conductivity values of composites decreases with increase of filler content which indicates that the TWD reinforced epoxy composites have good insulation properties. It has also been found that the composite with 150µ particle size of teak wood dust at same volume fractions exhibited lowest thermal conductivity compared to composites with 200µ and 250µ of teak wood dust. Therefore the composite with particle size 150µ at 35.9% volume fraction teak wood dust may be more suitable for insulation applications. Experimental results (TWD,150µ) are also compared with the theoretical models (such as Rule of Mixture model, Russel model, Maxwell model Baschirow & Selenew model ) and found that the errors associated with all the above four models with respect to experimental ones lie in the range of 20.14 to 84%, 74 to111.84%, 79.13 to 115.79% and 60.13 to 102% respectively.
Keywords
Lee’s Apparatus, Epoxy, Teak Wood Dust Composite, Thermal Conductivity, Error Analysis
To cite this article
Ramesh Chandra Mohapatra, Antaryami Mishra, Bibhuti Bhushan Choudhury, Experimental Study on Thermal Conductivity of Teak Wood Dust Reinforced Epoxy Composite Using Lee’s Apparatus Method, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 98-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20140206.13
References
[1]
Russell HW. Principles of heat flow in porous insulation, J Am Ceram Soc .18(1935), 1.
[2]
Maxwell JC. “A Treaties on Electricity and Magnetism,” 3rd ed. New York,: Dover; (1954).
[3]
Baschirow AB, Manukian AM. Thermal conductivities of polymers at various temperatures and pressures Mech. Polim (1974), 3, pp.564.
[4]
TenWolde, A., McNatt, J.D., Krahn, L. “Thermal Properties of wood and wood panel products for use in buildings”, Oak Ridge NationalLaboratoryhttp://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/pdf1988/tenwo88a.pdf.
[5]
Suleiman B. M., Larfeldt J., Leckner B. and Gustavsson M.,”Thermal conductivity and diffusivity of wood,” Wood Sci. Technol. Vol. 33 (6), 1999, pp. 465-473.
[6]
Alsina, OLS, de Carvalho, LH, Ramos Filho, FG, d Almeida. JRM, “Thermal properties of hybrid lingo cellulosic fabric reinforced polyester matrix composites,” Journal of Polymer Testing, Vol. 24, 2005, pp. 81-85.
[7]
Abdullah Fadhel Abbas, “Theoretical and Experimental investigation of natural composite materials as thermal insulation,” Al- Qadisiya Journal for engineering sciences, Vol. 4 (2), 2011.
[8]
Haddadi Manel, Agoudjil Boudjemaa, Boudenne A hollow particles,"bderrahim and Garnier Bertrand, “Analytical and numerical investigation on effective thermal conductivity of polymer composites filled with conductive hollow particles,”International Journl of Thermophysics,2013.
[9]
Prisco Umberto, “Thermal conductivity of flat-pressed wood plastic composites at different temperatures and filler content,” Science and engineering of composite materials, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 2013, pp. 1-8.
[10]
Mohapatra Ramesh Chandra, Mishra Antaryami and Choudhury Bibhuti Bhushan, “Investigations on Thermal Conductivity of Palm Fibre Reinforced Polyester Composites,” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) Volume 11, Issue 1 Ver. I (Feb. 2014), PP 01-05.
[11]
Mohapatra Ramesh Chandra, Mishra Antaryami and Choudhury Bibhuti Bhushan, “Measurement on Thermal Conductivity of Pine Wood Dust Filled Epoxy Composites” American journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2014), pp 114-119. DOI:10.12691/ajme-2-4-3.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186