Experimental Studies on Micropumps Using Rotational/Reciprocating Motions of Magnetic Material Balls
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 247-252
Received: Jul. 10, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 21, 2017;
Published: Sep. 18, 2017
Views 1413 Downloads 117
Hiroshige Kumamaru, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan
Yoshio Nomura, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan
Fuma Sakata, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan
Hayata Fujiwara, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan
Kazuhiro Itoh, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan
Follow on us
In application of micropumps to new fields in chemistry, biology, medical science and others, smaller sizes are supposed to be important rather than higher pump performance. In this study, considering from such a view point, micropumps using rotational and reciprocating motions of magnetic material balls were proposed and studied experimentally. The pump performance, i.e. the relation between flow rate and pump head are measured from liquid level changes in two containers connected to the inlet and outlet of the micropump. For the rotational motion micropump, while the maximum flow rate obtained, ~2 mL/min, is large enough as a micropump, the maximum pump head achieved, ~15 mm, is small even for a micropump. It is desirable to increase the pump head furthermore for this micropump. For the reciprocating motion micropump, the maximum flow rate obtained and the maximum pump head achieved are ~7.5 mL/min and ~625 mm, respectively. These values of the pump performance are sufficient as a micropump. Both the micropumps can be incorporated into microfluidic devices (tips) and can pump arbitrary kind of liquid.
Micropump, Magnetic Material Ball, Rotational Motion, Reciprocating Motion, Pump Performance
To cite this article
Experimental Studies on Micropumps Using Rotational/Reciprocating Motions of Magnetic Material Balls, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2017, pp. 247-252.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
C. Zhou, H. Zhang, Z. Li, and W. Wang, “Chemistry pumps: a review of chemically powered micropumps,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 16, pp. 1797–1811, 2016.
F. R. Munas, Y. W. R. Amarasinghe, and D. Dao, “Review on MEMS based micropumps for biomedical applications,” IJIRSET, vol. 4, issue 7, pp. 5602-5615, 2015.
S. Yokota, “A review on micropumps from the viewpoint of volumetric power density,” Bulletin of the JSME, Mech. Eng. Reviews, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1-11, 2014.
F. Abhari, H. Jaafar, and N. A. Yunus, “A comprehensive study of micropumps technologies,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., vol. 7, pp. 9765-9780, 2012.
A. K. Au, H. Lai, B. R. Utela, and A. Folch, “Microvalves and micropumps for bio MEMS,” Micromechanics, vol. 2, pp. 179-220, 2011.
Editing Committee of Handbook of Micro- and Nano- Heat and Fluid, “Handbook of Micro- and Nano- Heat and Fluid,” NTS Inc., Tokyo, Japan, 2006, pp. 378-397 [In Japanese].
I. Yanagisawa, “Electroosmotic flow pump mountable on chip,” Electric Parts and Materials, vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 45-48, 2005 [In Japanese].
A. Hatch, A. E. Kamholz, G. Holman, P. Yager, and K. F. Bohringer, “A ferrofluidic magnetic micropump,” J. of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 215-221, 2001.
L. M. Fu, W. C. Fang, T. F. Hong, and C. Y. Lee, “A magnetic micropump based on ferrofluidic actuation,” Int. J. of Automation and Smart Technology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 77-82, 2014.
E. G. Kim, J.-G. Oh, and B. Choi, “A study on the development of a continuous peristaltic micropump using magnetic fluids,” Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 128, pp. 43-51, 2006.
M. Du, X. Ye, K. Wu, and Z. Zhou, “A peristaltic micro pump driven by a rotating motor with magnetically attracted steel balls,” Sensors, vol. 9, pp. 2611-2620, 2009.