Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer of CuO Nanofluid Using Eulerian-Eulerian Two Phase Model
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 259-268
Received: Sep. 8, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 20, 2017; Published: Sep. 26, 2017
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Authors
Farhad Abbassi Amiri, Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood University, Shahrood, Iran
Mohsen Nazari, Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood University, Shahrood, Iran
Mohammad Mohsen Shahmardan, Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood University, Shahrood, Iran
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Abstract
In this study, laminar forced convection of CuO nanofluid is numerically investigated in sudden expansion microchannel with expansion ratio of 3:1 and isotherm walls. The importance and developments of microfluidic devices, like expansion microchannel, has caused that the investigation of the flow and the heat transfer of nanofluid in sudden expansion microchannel to be so important. On the other hand, the two phase models can be used instead of single phase model very well. Among two phase models, Eulerian-Eulerian model is very efficient because of considering the relative velocity and temperature of the phases and the nanoparticle concentration distribution. An Eulerian two-fluid model is considered to simulate the nanofluid flow inside the microchannel and the governing mass, momentum and energy equations for both phases are solved using the finite volume method. It can be observed that the Eulerian two phase model of the CuO nanofluid enhances the heat transfer instead of using pure water as a coolant. Reynolds number and nanoparticle volume concentration increase the average Nusselt number, while the pressure drop increases only slightly. Also, the heat transfer increases with decrease in the nanoparticle diameter.
Keywords
Nanofluid, Heat Transfer, Microchannel, Two Phase, Eulerian-Eulerian
To cite this article
Farhad Abbassi Amiri, Mohsen Nazari, Mohammad Mohsen Shahmardan, Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer of CuO Nanofluid Using Eulerian-Eulerian Two Phase Model, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 259-268. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20170505.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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