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Modelling and Simulation of the Multi-effect/Thermal Vapor Compression Distillation Process
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages: 103-110
Received: Sep. 14, 2020; Accepted: Sep. 29, 2020; Published: Oct. 12, 2020
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Khalid Bamardouf, Thermal Department, Desalination Technologies Research Institute (DTRI-SWCC), Jubail, Saudi Arabia
Osman Ahmed Hamed, Thermal Department, Desalination Technologies Research Institute (DTRI-SWCC), Jubail, Saudi Arabia
Amro Mohammed Mahmoud, Thermal Department, Desalination Technologies Research Institute (DTRI-SWCC), Jubail, Saudi Arabia
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The Multi-effect distillation (MED) associated with thermal vapor compression (TVC) process has recently been applied for a number of desalination plants in the GCC countries and emerged as a strong competitor to the multistage flash distillation (MSF) process. The MED/TVC desalination process is characterized by low power consumption compared to the MSF process. It is currently operated at low TBT of 65°C to avoid scale formation compared to MSF technology which operate at top brine temperature of 110°C, this lead to lower tendency to scale formation and less fouling risk. The use of more efficient pretreatment to MED/TVC desalination plants such as nano-filtration or high performance additive antiscalant would allow operating MED at higher TBT which allow increasing the performance ratio. A simulation steady-state program has been established to analyze the thermodynamic behavior of parallel feed flow MED/TVC unit at a wide range of TBT from 65°C up to 125°C and different number of effects with different condition of motive steam pressure on the performance ratio, and specific heat transfer and therefore the best design of MED for the future different design options were considered to optimize the operational of MED system to enhance the economics and performance of MED technology.
MED-TVC, Desalination, Simulation, Heat and Mass Balance
To cite this article
Khalid Bamardouf, Osman Ahmed Hamed, Amro Mohammed Mahmoud, Modelling and Simulation of the Multi-effect/Thermal Vapor Compression Distillation Process, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 103-110. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20200804.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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