Fatigue Life Extension Study in Cast Steel Railway Couplings Used in Freight Trains
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 1-6
Received: Nov. 4, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 6, 2014; Published: Nov. 14, 2014
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Author
Morgado T. L. M., Engineering Departmental Unit of Tomar Polytechnic Institute, Tomar, Portugal; CeFEMA - Center of Physics and Engineering of Advanced Materials, Lisbon University, Lisbon, Portugal
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Abstract
In this paper, fatigue life extension results from pre-existing surface defects in cast steel ASTM A148 90-60 of railway couplings, used in service in Portugal for coal transportation, are presented using two crack growth relationships (Paris equation and modified Paris equation). Fatigue lives were obtained and the results were discussed in terms of the threshold value for non-propagation cracks (modified Paris law) the initial value of the starting crack. It was found that for both crack growth relationships significant crack extension lives can be assumed. Therefore for these components and in this application damage tolerant procedure can be used with safety and this component can be kept in service provided appropriate inspection procedures are applied to detect and measure fatigue cracks. This will avoid early retirement from service of these components, since extension life can be assumed with safety.
Keywords
Fatigue Crack Growth, Life Extension, Paris Law, Modified Paris Law, Railway Component
To cite this article
Morgado T. L. M., Fatigue Life Extension Study in Cast Steel Railway Couplings Used in Freight Trains, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications. Special Issue: Structural Integrity of Mechanical Components. Vol. 3, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.s.2015030201.11
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