Consistent Condom Use and Its Associated Factors Among HIV Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Southwest Nigeria
International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 62-66
Received: Jul. 5, 2018; Accepted: Jul. 30, 2018; Published: Feb. 26, 2019
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Olusegun Adesola Busari, Department of Medicine, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Idowu Oluseyi Adebara, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
Olaleye Emmanuel Olalekan, Department of Medicine, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Oluwaserimi Ajetunmobi, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
Opeyemi James Oje, Department of Food Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Adebayo Augustine Adeniyi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
Segun Mathew Agboola, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
Olayide Toyin Elegbede, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
Babajide Adewoyin Adeleke, Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
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The objective was to determine the rate of consistent condom use and the associated factors in HIV patients attending adult HIV clinics in Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional study of consecutive 212 HIV patients, 18 years and older attending adult ART clinics of Federal Teaching Hospital, I do-Ekiti, for follow up from April to June 2016. Consistent condom use before and after commencement of ART was 21.7% and 43.4% respectively. About half (50.9%) of the participants did not know the HIV status of their sexual partners. The proportion of participants who were sexually active reduced from 90.9% to 64.1% after commencement of antiretroviral therapy. Gender, duration of ART, knowledge of partner’s HIV status and having more than one current sexual partner were significantly associated with consistent condom use. The study shows that consistent condom used increased after the commencement of ART. It also reveals that consistent use of condom of 43.4% after commencement of antiretroviral therapy is significantly associated with male gender, knowledge of partner’s HIV status, more than one current sexual partner and longer duration on ART.
Condom Use, Associated Factors, HIV Infection, Antiretroviral Therapy, Nigeria
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Olusegun Adesola Busari, Idowu Oluseyi Adebara, Olaleye Emmanuel Olalekan, Oluwaserimi Ajetunmobi, Opeyemi James Oje, Adebayo Augustine Adeniyi, Segun Mathew Agboola, Olayide Toyin Elegbede, Babajide Adewoyin Adeleke, Consistent Condom Use and Its Associated Factors Among HIV Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Southwest Nigeria, International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 62-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbmr.20180604.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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