Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors Among Adults Attending at Feres Meda Health Centre, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2017
International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 8-15
Received: Jan. 11, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 14, 2019; Published: Feb. 27, 2019
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Authors
Belete Woldesemayat, National HIV Reference Laboratory, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Hiwot Amare, National Influenza Laboratory, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Zerihun Ataro, Medical Laboratory Sciences, Haramaya University, Harer, Ethiopia
Gadissa Gutema, National HIV Reference Laboratory, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Eleni Kidane, National HIV Reference Laboratory, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Desalegn Belay, National Influenza Laboratory, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Habtamu Asrat, National Laboratories Capacity Building, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: Diabetes is a family of disorders that is characterized by hyperglycemia. The disorders of diabetes differ in their etiology and symptoms and in the consequences of the disease. Diabetes mellitus is a high rising disease all over the world and in our country, because of some lifestyle change of the community. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence of DM and its associated factors among adults in Feres Meda health center at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to March 2017. Patient demographic characteristics were collected using a pre-tested standard questionnaire format. Height, weight and blood pressure were measured physically and 5 ml fasting blood sample was collected to analyze blood glucose by glucose oxidase method using automated chemistry analyzer. Statistical analysis was performed by using Statistical software version 20. Results: Out of the 392 participants, 58.7% of them were females. The age of participants ranged from 19 to 80 years with a mean of 34.34 years. Among the study participants, 2.6% of them had DM and 6.9% of the participants had high fasting blood glucose value (pre-diabetes). Age (P = 0.048), WC (P=0.001), and family history of DM (P= 0.024) were significantly associated with the development of DM. Conclusion: High prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus was observed among study population. Therefore, regular screening of DM, particularly for those individuals having higher waist circumstance, family history of DM and older age, is mandatory to control blood glucose early.
Keywords
Diabetes Mellitus, Prevalence, Adults, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Belete Woldesemayat, Hiwot Amare, Zerihun Ataro, Gadissa Gutema, Eleni Kidane, Desalegn Belay, Habtamu Asrat, Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors Among Adults Attending at Feres Meda Health Centre, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2017, International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 8-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbmr.20190701.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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