Effect of Microgravity on Most Frequently Isolated Microorganisms from Cosmetics
International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume 7, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 67-71
Received: Feb. 13, 2019; Accepted: Jun. 27, 2019; Published: Aug. 14, 2019
Views 48      Downloads 3
Daniel Juwon Arotupin, Department of Microbiology, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Tosin Victor Adegoke, Department of Microbiology, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Kehinde Olusayo Awojobi, Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Temitope Samuel Aderanti, Department of Microbiology, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Microorganisms associated with commonly used cosmetics and effects of microgravity on most frequently isolated microorganism were investigated. The microorganisms isolated from the cosmetics were Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Bacillus cereus, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma piluliferum and Neocosmospora vasinfecta. Fifty percent of the cosmetics were contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus, 31.82% contaminated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 22.73% contaminated with Escherichia coli, 13.64% contaminated with Proteus mirabilis, 13.64% contaminated with Bacillus cereus, 9.09% contaminated with Proteus vulgaris, 4.55% contaminated with Bacillus subtilis, 13.64% contaminated with Trichoderma piluliferum and 9.09% contaminated with Neocosmospora vasinfecta. The S. aureus which was the most frequently isolated bacteria was subjected to microgravity condition. The antibiotics susceptibility test of the most frequent bacteria (S. aureus) was investigated and it was observed that the S. aureus grown under stimulated microgravity condition exhibited resistance to antibiotic more than S. aureus grown under earth gravity. The most frequently isolated bacteria namely S. aureus exhibited greater resistance to antibiotics under stimulated microgravity condition than one under earth gravity condition at different time. The resistance of the S. aureus to antibiotics tends to increase with increased in revolution per minutes (rpm) at which the bacterium was subjected.
Cosmetics, Microorganisms, Contamination, Antibiotics, Microgravity, Rmp
To cite this article
Daniel Juwon Arotupin, Tosin Victor Adegoke, Kehinde Olusayo Awojobi, Temitope Samuel Aderanti, Effect of Microgravity on Most Frequently Isolated Microorganisms from Cosmetics, International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 67-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbmr.20190702.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Lundov, M. D., Moesby, L., Zachariae, C. and Johansen, J. D. (2009). Contamination versus cosmetics: A review on legislation, usage, infections and contact allergy. Contact Dermatitis, 60: 70-78.
Rosenzweig, J. A., Abogunde, O., Thomas, K, Lawal, A., Nguyen, Y., Sodipe, A. and Jejelo, O. (2010). Spaceflight and modeled microgravity effects on microbial growth and virulence. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 85: 885–891.
Foster, J. W. and Spector, M. P. (1995). How Salmonella survive against the odds. Annual Review Microbiology, 49: 145–174.
Cavicchioli, R., Thomas, T. and Curmi, P. M. (2000). Cold stress response in Archaea. Extremophiles, 4: 321–331.
Audia, J. P., Webb, C. C. and Foster, J. W. (2001). Breaking through the acidbarrier: an orchestrated response to proton stress by enteric bacteria. International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 291: 97–106.
Hecker, M. and Volker, U. (2001). General stress response of Bacillus subtilis and other bacteria. Advances in Microbial Physiology, 44: 35–91.
Hengge-Aronis, R. (2002). Recent insights into the general stress response regulatory network in Escherichia coli. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, 4: 341–346.
Poolman, B., Blount, P., Folgering, J. H., Friesen, R. H., Moe, P. C. and Heide. T. V. (2002). How do membrane proteins sense water stress? Molecular Microbiology, 44: 889–902.
Dickson, K. J. (1991). Summary of biological spaceflight experiments with cells. ASGSB Bull, 4: 151–260.
Mishra, S. K. and Pierson, D. L. (1992). Spaceflight: effects on microorganisms. pp. 53–60. In J. Lederberg (ed.), Encyclopedia of microbiology. vol. 4. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, Calif.
Kacena, M. A., Merrell, G. A., Manfredi, B., Smith, E. E., Klaus, D. M. and Todd, P. (1999). Bacterial growth in spaceflight: logistic growth curve parameters for Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 51: 229–234.
Klaus, D. M. (2002). Space microbiology: microgravity and microorganisms. p. 2996–3004. InG. Bitton (ed.), Encyclopedia of environmental microbiology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N. Y.
Nickerson, C. A., Ott, C. M., Wilson, J. W., Ramamurthy, R., LeBlanc, C. L., Honer zu Bentrup, K., Hammond, T. and Pierson, D. L. (2003). Low-shear modeled microgravity: a global environmental regulatory signal affecting bacterial gene expression, physiology, and pathogenesis. Journal of Microbiology Methods, 54: 1–11.
Matin, A., Lynch, S. V. and Benoit, M. R. (2006). Increased bacterial resistance and virulence in simulated microgravity and its molecular basis. Gravitational and Space Biology, 19 (2): 31-41.
Oyeleke, S. B., Dauda, B. E. N. and Boye, O. A. (2008). Antibacterial activity of Ficus capensis. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7 (10): 1414-1417.
Bauer, A. W., Kirby, W. M., Sherris, J. C. and Turck, M. (1996). Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standardized single disk method. American journal of Clinical Pathology, 459 (4): 493-6.
Lynch, S. V., Brodie, E. L. and Matin, A. (2004). Role and regulation of sigma S in general resistance conferred by low-shear simulated microgravity in Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology, 186: 8207-8212.
Allen, C. A., Niesel, D. W. and Torres, A. G. (2008). The effects of low-shear stress on Adherent invasive Escherichia coli. Environmental Microbiology, 10: 1512-1525.
Nickerson, C. A., Ott, C. M., Mister, S. J., Morrow, B. J., Burns-Keliher, L. and Pierson, D. L (2000). Microgravity as a novel environmental signal affecting Salmonella enteric serovar typhimurium virulence. Infection and Immunity, 68: 3147-3152.
Wilson, J. W., Ott, C. M, Bentrup, Z., Ramamurthy, R., Quick, L., Porwollik, S., Cheng, P., McClelland, M., Tsaprailis, G., Radabaugh, T., Hunt, A., Fernandez, D., Richter, E., Shah, M., Kilcoyne, M., Joshi, L., Nelman-Gonzalez, M., Hing, S., Parra, M., Dumars, P., Norwood, K., Bober, R., Devich, J., Ruggles. A., Goulart, C., Rupert, M., Stodieck, L., Stafford, P., Catella, L., Schurr, M. J., Buchanan, K., Morici, L., McCracken, J., Allen, P., Baker-Coleman, C., Hammond, T., Vogel, J., Nelson, R., Pierson, D. L., Stefanyshyn-Piper, H. M. and Nickerson, C. A. (2007). Space flight alters bacterial gene expression and virulence and reveals a role for global regulator Hfq. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences USA, 104: 16299-16304.
Brown, R. B., Klaus, D. and Todd, P. (2002). Effects of space flight, clinorotation, and centrifugation on the substrate utilization efficiency of E. coli. Microgravity Science and Technology, 13: 24-29.
Mauclaire, L. and Egli, M. (2010). Effect of simulated microgravity on growth and production of exopolymeric substances of Micrococcus luteus space and earth isolates. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, 59: 350-356.
Demain, A. L. and Fang, A. (2001). Secondary metabolism in simulated microgravity. Chemical Record, 1: 333-346.
McLean, R. J., Cassanto, J. M., Barnes, M. B. and Koo, J. H. (2001). Bacterial biofilm formation under microgravity conditions. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 195: 115-119.
Lynch, S. V. and Matin, A. (2005). Travails of microgravity: Man and microbes in space. Biologist, 52 (2): 80–87.
Globus, R. K. and Morey-Holton, E. R. (2009). Advances in understanding the skeletal biology of spaceflight. Gravitational and Space Biology, 22: 3–12.
Stein, T. P. (2013). Weight, muscle and bone loss during space flight: Another perspective. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113: 2171–2181.
Guéguinou, N., Huin-Schohn, C., Bascove, M., Bueb, J. L., Tschirhart, E., Legrand-Frossi, C. and Frippiat, J. P. (2009). Could spaceflight-associated immune system weakening preclude the expansion of human presence beyond Earth‘s orbit? Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 86: 1027–1038.
Ott, C. M., Crabbe, A., Wilson, J. W., Barrila, J., Castro, S. L. and Nickerson, C. A. (2012). Microbial Stress: Spaceflight-Induced Alterations in Microbial Virulence and Infectious Disease Risks for the Crew. In Stress Challenges and immunity in Space; Chouker, A., Ed.; Springer-Verlag: Berlin/Heidelberg, Gemany, 2012; pp. 203–225.
Mermel, L. A. (2013). Infection prevention and control during prolonged human space travel. Clinical Infection, 56: 123–130.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186