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Evaluation of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Genotypes for Total Cyanide Content, Storage Tuber and Starch Yield in South Western Ethiopia
International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume 8, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages: 14-19
Received: Jan. 8, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020; Published: Aug. 5, 2020
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Authors
Tewodros Mulualem, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia
Neim Semman, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia
Getachew Etana, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia
Shamil Alo, Tepi National Spice Research Center, Tepi, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is one of the main food crops that significantly contribute to food security and poverty alleviation in South and Southwest Ethiopia. Cyanide present in cassava roots poses a health challenge in the use of cassava for food. It is therefore important to identify the sweet and bitter types for food and industry. In this study, 11 farmers preferred genotypes were assessed for storage tuber yield, cyanide content and starch contents at Jimma, Metu and Tepi during 2015-2017 cropping seasons. From the genotypes analyzed, AAGT-108 (128.35 mg/kg) and AAGT-189 (118.5 mg/kg) are identified for bitter type (high HCN content). Based on storage tuber yield, genotype AAGT-108, AAGT-189 and AAGT 192 produced the highest tuber yield in all tested locations. The starch content varies from 5.11 (Qulle at Metu) to 18.40 (AAGT-108 at Tepi). Similarly, genotypes AAGT-108, AAGT-189 and AAGT-192 are the best materials at Jimma as compared to others and gave the mean starch content of 15.22, 16.98 and 16.61%, respectively. Based on the overall result of hydrogen cyanide and starch contents, genotype AAGT-108 and AAGT-189 are recommended for bitter type (high HCN content). On contrary, the rest of genotypes have sweet type due to low hydrogen cyanide content below 100 mg/kg and are recommended for human consumption.
Keywords
Cassava, Cyanide, Starch, Storage Tuber, Yield
To cite this article
Tewodros Mulualem, Neim Semman, Getachew Etana, Shamil Alo, Evaluation of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Genotypes for Total Cyanide Content, Storage Tuber and Starch Yield in South Western Ethiopia, International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 14-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbmr.20200802.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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