Adsorption of Metals (Fe(II) , Cr(III) and Co(II)) from Aqueous Solution by Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Mesquite Tree
Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 1, Issue 2, November 2013, Pages: 12-20
Received: Nov. 20, 2013; Published: Dec. 20, 2013
Views 3076      Downloads 265
Authors
Nazar Abdualaziz Elnasri Hamza, Department of Chemistry -Faculty of Pharmacy, Sudan International University, P.O. Box 12769, Khartoum, Sudan
Almoeiz Yousif Hammad, Department of Chemistry -Faculty of Pharmacy, Sudan International University, P.O. Box 12769, Khartoum, Sudan
Mohammed Abuzeid Eltayeb, Department of Chemistry–Faculty of Science and Technology ElNeelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Mesquite tree was use to prepare activated carbon through chemical activation method with 1 M KOH and under temperature of 600 0C for 1 hr , the product of the activated was examined for its proximate composition ; ash content (3.9%) , moisture content (3%), carbon content (40.65%) , volatile matter (25.65%) , porosity (54.95%) , iodine number of 13.22 and methylene blue value of 166.6 mg/g. XRF study on activated carbon prepared from Mesquite tree (ACM)shows different concentration of inorganic elements the major elements in the sample are Potassium (0.301%) ,Calcium (0.357%),Zinc(0.01366%) and Ferrous (0.687%).XRD analysis showed the presence of highly organized crystalline structure of raw activated carbon for ACM sample , Carbon with crystalline structure of Rhombohedral and Carbon Supplied with crystalline structure Orthorhombic and Cubic were detected. The result showed a strong and broad adsorption peak at 1577.66 cm-1, which corresponds to the lactone in ACM sample. While other strong and broad adsorption peak appeared at 1340 cm-1, which corresponds to the Phenol Aliphatic CH2 and CH3 was observed at 2920 cm-1. The kinetics of adsorption of metals Fe2+, Cr3+ and Co2+ from aqueous solution has also been investigated. The adsorption process was carried out in isothermal container at 30OC. the effect of dose of activated carbon prepared from the sample on percentage removal metals indicate that the maximum dose of adsorbent was at concentration of 0.8 g/l for sample , The contact time was in 80 min for the samples . The adsorption decreased as the pH increase the optimum pH for the adsorption was attended at 6 for ,the experimental isotherm data were analyzed using Freundlich equations. The adsorption process follows the Freundlich order kinetic, having a correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.99(Fe2+), 0.43(Cr3+) and 0.90 (Co2+).Adsorption capacity was high for Fe2+ metals compared to capacity of 3.45 and 2.616 for Cr3+ and Co+2 respectively , adsorption intensity was higher for Co2+ (9.51) than that obtained for Fe2+(2.91).
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Activated Carbon, Mesquite Tree, XRF, FT-IR, XRD, Adsorption Kinetic
To cite this article
Nazar Abdualaziz Elnasri Hamza, Almoeiz Yousif Hammad, Mohammed Abuzeid Eltayeb, Adsorption of Metals (Fe(II) , Cr(III) and Co(II)) from Aqueous Solution by Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Mesquite Tree, Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013, pp. 12-20. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20130102.12
References
[1]
Ambursa M.M; U.Z.Faruk; A.Uba; D.M.Sahabi; F.A.Atiku and R.A. Koko(2011).Comparison of adsorption Efficiency of Asphalt derived Activated carbon and commercial activated carbon for removal of Zn2+ Cr 6+ and Pb2+ from waste water,. Journal of Archives of Applied Science Research, 3 (6):122-130.
[2]
Abdulrahman, F.W and Itodo U.A.(2006). J.Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2(1): Pp 10-14.
[3]
Ahmedna, M., M. M. Johns, S. J. Clarke, W. E. Marshall, and R.M. Rao. (1997). Potential of agricultural by-product based activated carbons for use in raw sugar decolorization. J. Sci. Food Agric., 75, 117-124.
[4]
Pendyal, B., Johns, M.M., Marshall, W.E., Ahmedna, M. and Rao, R.M. (1999). Removal of sugar colorants by granular activated carbons made from binders and agricultural by-products. Bioresearch Technology. 69, 45-51.
[5]
Mozammel et. al, (2002):cited in Virginia ,H and Adrian ,B (2012).Lignocellolosic Precursors used in the synthesis of Activated carbon. Published By In Tech p.p 40-70
[6]
Ekpete.A, O. and J, Horsfall. M. N.R. (2011). Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon derived from Fluted Pumpkin Stem Waste (Telfairia occidentalis Hook F). Research Journal of Chemical Sciences Vol. 1(3). P.p10-15.
[7]
Hassan M. Al-Swaidan and Ashfaq Ahmad . (2010).Synthesis and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Saudi Arabian Dates Tree’s Fronds Wastes. International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering IPCBEE vol.20 .IACSIT Press, Singapore
[8]
Malike ,R ;Ramteke D,S ;Wate ,S,R(2006).Physico-chemical and surface characterization of activated carbon prepared from groundnut shell by ZnCl2 activation and its ability to absorb color.Indian journal of chemical technology .Vol.3 pp315-328
[9]
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Designation: D4607-94 (2011). Standard Test Method for Determination of Iodine Number of Activated Carbon.
[10]
Ahmedna, M., Marshall, W.E. & Rao, R.M. (2000). Production of granular activated carbons from select agricultural by-products and evaluation of their physical,chemical and adsorption properties. Bioresource Technology, Vol.71, (2000), pp.113–123.
[11]
Sahabi, D. M.; Takeda, M.; Suzuki, I. and Koizumi, J. (2010): Journal of environmental engineering. 136 (5): Pp 493-500.
[12]
Virginia ,H and Adrian ,B (2012).Lignocellolosic Precursors used in the synthesis of Activated carbon. Published By In Tech p.p 25-60
[13]
Rajeshwari, Sivaraj and Rajendran, Venckatesh. (2010) Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbons from Parthenium Biomass by Physical and Chemical Activation Techniques. E-Journal of Chemistry, 7(4), 1314-1319.
[14]
Viswanathan, B. Varadarajan,T.K Indra Neel,P.(2008) A process for the preparation of activated carbon from botanical sources, , Indian Pat. P.p 107-189
[15]
Subhashree Pradhan (2011). Production and characterization of Activated Carbon produced from a suitable Industrial sludge (research project)p.p 12-33.
[16]
Chandrakant D. Shendkar, Rasika C. Torane, Kavita S. Mundhe, Ashish A. BhaveNirmala R. Deshpande. (2012). Characterization of Activated Carbon prepared from Achyranthes aspera Linn. by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF).Journal of natural product and plant resourse. 2(2),p.p 295-297.
[17]
Roop, B. and Goyal, M. (2005) Activated Carbon Adsorption, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300 Boca Raton, FL, USA 33487–2742.
[18]
Nurul′Ain. Bint. Jabit. (2007).The Production and Characterization of Activated Carbon Using Local Agricultural Waste through Chemical Activation Process, p.p 10-40
[19]
Mopoung .S and Nogklai, W. (2008)Chemical and surface properties of longan seed activated charcoal. International Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 3 (10), pp. 234-239.
[20]
Sax ,N, Irving .Dangerous properties of industrial material . Reinhold publishing crop. New York :cite in info@norti-america.com
[21]
Senthil ,P and Kirthika ,K (2009).Equilibrium and Kinetic study of adsorption of Nickel from aqeous solution on to Bael tree leaf powder . Journal of Engineering Science and Technology.Vol. 4, No. 4 351 - 363
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186