Use of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters as Biocomponents for Diesel Fuels and for Preparation of Cetane Number Improvers
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2013, Pages: 65-69
Received: Nov. 30, 2013;
Published: Dec. 30, 2013
Views 2686 Downloads 136
Fahed Salem Khamis, Department of Oil and Gas Technology, College of Oil and Minerals, Aden University, Ataq-Yemen
Todor Vasilev Palichev, Department of industrial technology, Assen Zlatarov University, Burgas-Bulgaria
Galina Grigorova Khamis, Department of Oil and Gas Technology, College of Oil and Minerals, Aden University, Ataq-Yemen
Jabbar Lashkeri Ismail Agha, Department of Chemistry, College of science, Salahaddin University, Erbil-Iraq
Up to 15% of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) have been used as biocomponents for the manufacture of biodiesel fuels corresponding to the requirements of EN 590-09. Applying nitration with various agents has been obtained additives reducing the time delay of self-ignition (TDSI) of diesel fuels containing 20% light catalytic gas oil. The nitro products thus obtained increase also the resistance of the diesel fuel towards oxidation.
Fahed Salem Khamis,
Todor Vasilev Palichev,
Galina Grigorova Khamis,
Jabbar Lashkeri Ismail Agha,
Use of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters as Biocomponents for Diesel Fuels and for Preparation of Cetane Number Improvers, American Journal of Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 1, No. 4,
2013, pp. 65-69.
S.P. Singh and Dipti Singh, "Biodiesel production through the different sources and their esters as the substitute of diesel: A review," Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol. 14, pp. 200-216, 2010.
H. Noureddini and D. Zhu, "Kinetics of transesteriﬁcation of soybean oil," J Am Oil Chem Soc, vol. 74, pp. 1457-1463, 1997.
M. Mohamed, B. Soumanoua, T. Uwe and A. Bornscheuer, "Improvement in lipasecatalyzed synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from sunﬂower oil," Enzyme Microb Technol, vol. 33, pp. 97-103, 2003.
D. Darnoko and M. Cheryan, "kinetics of palm oil transesterrification in a batch reactor," J Am oil chem soc, vol. 77(12), pp. 1263-1267, 2000.
D. Kusdiana and S. Saka, "kinetics of transestrification in rapseed oil to biodiesel fuel as tested in supercritical methanol, " Fuel, vol.80, pp. 693-5, 2001.
L. Zou and S. Atkinson, "Characterising vehicle emissions from the burning of biodiesel made from vegetable oil," Environ technol, vol. 24, pp. 1253-1260, 2003.
Ö. Köse, M. Tüter and HA. Aksoy, "Immobilized candida Antarctica lipase-catalyzed alcoholysis of cotton seed oil in a solvent-free medium," Bioresour technol, vol. 83, pp. 125-129, 2002.
N. Foidl, G. Foidl, M. Sanchez, M. Mittelbach and S. Hackel, "Jatropha curcas L. as a source for the production of biofuel in Nicaragua, " Bioresour Technol, vol. 58, pp. 77-82, 1996.
A. Gureev, V. Azev and G. Kamfer, "Topliv dlia dizelaj, svoistva I primenenie," Himia, Moscow, 1993, pp. 106-153.
G. L. Suppes, Zhi Chen, Ying Rui, M. Mason and J.A. Heppert, "Synthesis and cetane improver performance of fatty acid glycol nitrates, " Fuel, vol. 78, 1, pp. 73-81, 1999.
A. Cert, W. Moreda and C. Perez, "Chromatographic analysis of minor constituents in vegetable oils," Chromatogr., vol. A 881, pp 131-148, 2000.
E. O. Aluyor, C. E. Ozigagu, O. I. Oboh and P. Aluyor, "Chromatographic analysis of vegetable oils: A review," Scientific Research and Essay, Vol. 4 (4), pp 191-197, April, 2009.