The Influence of Stereochemistry of the Active Compounds on Fluoride Adsorption Efficiency of the Plant Biomass
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 42-47
Received: Jul. 16, 2014; Accepted: Jul. 29, 2014; Published: Aug. 20, 2014
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Authors
Hezron T Mwakabona, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha, Tanzania
Revocatus L Machunda, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha, Tanzania
Karoli N Njau, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha, Tanzania
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Abstract
Several studies have reported various defluoridation capabilities of plant biomasses. The resultant variations in fluoride removal capacities are associated with the presence of different types of active functional groups in the respective biomasses. This study reports of the fluoride removal efficiencies of sisal leaf biomass in comparison. Comparison with other plant biomasses were made and hence the fluoride removal efficiencies of maize leaf (ML), goose grass (GG), banana false stem (BFS), Aloe vera (AV), untreated sisal fibre (USF) and sisal pith (SP) with similar active functional groups but different stereochemistry and solubility of the active compounds are reported. A portion of 0.5 g of each biomass was mixed with a 10 mg/l fluoride solution in a 10 ml portions under the same experimental conditions. The maximum fluoride removal capacity of sisal fibre biomass was found to be 26.6 %. By comparison, the fluoride removal efficiencies of ML, GG, BFS, AV, USF and SP were found to be, 4.1, 4.6, 7.1, 26.6, 29.4 and 47.3 % respectively. This suggests that, stereochemistry and solubility of the active compounds have a significant role to play in water defluoridation by plant biomasses, and thus, knowledge of the stereochemistry and solubility of the active compounds in plant biomass is very important to fully unlock biomass’ defluoridation potentials.
Keywords
Stereochemistry, Plant Biomass, Sisal Pith, Sisal Fibre, Inulin
To cite this article
Hezron T Mwakabona, Revocatus L Machunda, Karoli N Njau, The Influence of Stereochemistry of the Active Compounds on Fluoride Adsorption Efficiency of the Plant Biomass, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 42-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20140204.12
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