Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of Biofield Treated 2,6-Dichlorophenol
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 66-73
Received: Oct. 7, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 19, 2015; Published: Nov. 17, 2015
Views 5849      Downloads 113
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Rakesh Kumar Mishra, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
2,6-Dichlorophenol (2,6-DCP) is a compound used for the synthesis of chemicals and pharmaceutical agents. The present work is intended to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on physical, thermal and spectral properties of the 2,6-DCP. The control and treated 2,6-DCP were characterized by various analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and ultra violet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) analysis. The XRD results showed the increase in crystallite size of treated sample by 28.94% as compared to the control sample. However, the intensity of the XRD peaks of treated 2,6-DCP were diminished as compared to the control sample. The DTA analysis showed a slight increase in melting temperature of the treated sample. Although, the latent heat of fusion of the treated 2,6-DCP was changed substantially by 28% with respect to the control sample. The maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of the treated 2,6-DCP was decreased slightly in comparison with the control. The FT-IR analysis showed a shift in C=C stretching peak from 1464→1473 cm-1 in the treated sample as compared to the control sample. However, the UV-vis analysis showed no changes in absorption peaks of treated 2,6-DCP with respect to the control sample. Overall, the result showed a significant effect of biofield energy treatment on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of 2,6-DCP. It is assumed that increase in crystallite size and melting temperature of the biofield energy treated 2,6-DCP could alleviate its reaction rate that might be a good prospect for the synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds.
Biofield Energy Treatment, X-ray Diffraction, Thermal Analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Ultra Violet-Visible Spectroscopy
To cite this article
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Rakesh Kumar Mishra, Snehasis Jana, Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of Biofield Treated 2,6-Dichlorophenol, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 66-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20150305.12
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ju KS, Parales RE (2010) Nitroaromatic compounds, from synthesis to biodegradation. Microbiol Molecular Biology Reviews 74: 250-272. 10.1128/MMBR.00006-10.
Verdanyan R, Hruby V (2006) Synthesis of essential drugs. Elsevier, Netherlands.
Borges LM, Eiras AE, Ferri PH, Lobo AC (2002) The role of 2,6-dichlorophenol as sex pheromone of the tropical horse tick Anocentor nitens (Acari: Ixodidae). Exp Appl Acarol 27: 223-230.
Cabello CM, Bair 3rd WB, Bause AS, Wondrak GT (2009) Antimelanoma Activity of the Redox Dye DCPIP (2,6-Dichlorophenolindophenol) is Antagonized by NQO1. Biochem Pharmacol 78: 344-354.
Mukhopadhyay S, Chandalia SB (1999) Oxidative chlorination, desulphonation, or decarboxylation to synthesize pharmaceutical intermediates: 2,6-dichlorotoluene, 2,6-dichloroaniline, and 2,6-dichlorophenol. Org Process Res Dev 3: 10-16.
Du B, Daniels VR, Vaksman Z, Boyd JL Crady C, et al. (2011) Evaluation of physical and chemical changes in pharmaceuticals flown on space missions. AAPS J 13: 299-308.
Blessy M, Patel RD, Prajapati PN, Agrawal YK (2014) Development of forced degradation and stability indicating studies of drugs- A review. J Pharm Anal 4: 159-165.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Tallapragada RM (2013) Effect of biofield treatment on the physical and thermal characteristics of silicon, tin and lead powders. J Material Sci Eng 2: 125.
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi A, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Biofield treatment: A potential strategy for modification of physical and thermal properties of indole. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 152.
Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Jana S, et al. (2015) Bio-field treatment: An effective strategy to improve the quality of beef extract and meat infusion powder. J Nutr Food Sci 5: 389.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S (2015) Effect of biofield treatment on spectral properties of paracetamol and piroxicam. Chem Sci J 6: 98.
Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, Nahin RL (2004) Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002. Adv Data 343: 1-19.
Warber SL, Cornelio D, Straughn J, Kile G (2004) Biofield energy healing from the inside. J Altern Complement Med 10: 1107-1113.
Stenger VJ (1999) Bioenergetic fields. Sci Rev Alternative Med 3.
Patil SA, Nayak GB, Barve SS, Tembe RP, Khan RR (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and anatomical characteristics of Pogostemon cablin (Benth.). Biotechnology 11: 154-162.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S (2015) Phenotypic and biotypic characterization of Klebsiella oxytoca: An impact of biofield treatment. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 203-206.
Nayak G, Altekar N (2015) Effect of biofield treatment on plant growth and adaptation. J Environ Health Sci 1: 1-9.
Inoue M, Hirasawa I (2013) The relationship between crystal morphology and XRD peak intensity on CaSO4<,/sub>.2H2O. J Cryst Growth 380: 169-175.
Lalitha S, Sathyamoorthy R, Senthilarasu S, Subbarayan A, Natarajan K. (2004) Characterization of CdTe thin film—dependence of structural and optical properties on temperature and thickness. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 82: 187-199.
El-kadry N, Ashour A, Mahmoud SA (1995) Structural dependence of d.c. electrical properties of physically deposited CdTe thin films. Thin solid films 269: 112-116.
Chen HL, Lu YM, Hwang WS (2005) Effect of film thickness on structural and electrical properties of sputter-deposited nickel oxide films. Mater T Jim 46: 872-879.
Carballo LM, Wolf EE (1978) Crystallite size effects during the catalytic oxidation of propylene on Pt/γ-Al2O3. J Catal 53: 366-373.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Mishra RK, Jana S (2015) Structural and physical properties of biofield treated thymol and menthol. J Mol Pharm Org Process Res 3: 127.
Ip BC, Shenderovich IG, Tolstoy PM, Frydel J, Denisov GS, et al. (2012) NMR studies of solid pentachlorophenol-4-methylpyridine complexes exhibiting strong OHN hydrogen bonds: Geometric H/D isotope effects and hydrogen bond coupling cause isotopic polymorphism. J Phys Chem A 116: 11370-11387.
Honda H (2013) 1H-MAS-NMR chemical shifts in hydrogen-bonded complexes of chlorophenols (pentachlorophenol, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, 3,5-dichlorophenol, and p-chlorophenol) and amine, and H/D isotope effects on 1H-MAS-NMR spectra. Molecules 18: 4786-4802.
Srivastava A, Khare B, Argal R, Patel S (2003) Microdetermination of anti-hypertensive drug captopril using 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol. Ind J Chem Sec A 42A: 3036-3040.
Pavia DL, Lampman GM, Kriz GS (2001) Introduction to spectroscopy. (3rdedn), Thomson Learning, Singapore.
Ba-Abbad MM, Kadhum AAH, Mohamad AB, Takriff MS, Sopian K (2010) Solar photocatalytic degradation of environmental pollutants using ZnO prepared by sol-gel: 2,4-dichlorophenol as case study. Int J Thermal Environmental Eng 1: 37-42.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186