Validation of the EcH2O Electron-Activated Reactor for Purifying Contaminated Water in Parkersburg (West Virginia)
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 80-88
Received: Nov. 16, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 29, 2015; Published: Dec. 16, 2015
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Authors
Stephen Opoku-Duah, Ohio Valley University Environmental Group, West Virginia, USA
Gordon Wells, Ohio Valley University Environmental Group, West Virginia, USA
Wycliff Kipkemoi, Ohio Valley University Environmental Group, West Virginia, USA
Ashley Wilcox, Ohio Valley University Environmental Group, West Virginia, USA
Dennis Johnson, EcH2O International, LLC, Eco-Sustainability Division, Colorado, USA
Mark Wiley, TCG Global, LLC, Colorado, USA
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Abstract
This paper discusses validation of the EcH2O portable ‘batch-treatment’ electron-activated reactor field unit designed to purify contaminated water to make it safe and potable. The basic EcH2O system consists of a 90-gallon plastic reactor tank (trash can), ionized nitrogen-oxygen (NI-OXTM) vapor-ion plasma generator, and 1-micron electron separation (e-SEPTM) porous cartridge water filter. While the NI-OXTM generator applies UV radiation to activate and split ambient air into aggressive water treatment agents in the form of free electrons and charged dissolved vapor ions, the e-SEPTM cartridge is designed to absorb NI-OXTM treatment agents and solvated (free) electrons to induce filtration and rapid disinfection-kill of bacteria and other pathogens. The study started by creating a water quality database from contaminated surface water, EPA/West Virginia water quality standards, and Vienna City water. The EcH2O purifier was run 14 days/month from April-September 2014 and samples analyzed for chemical and bacteriological quality. When the results were matched against published data, EcH2O compared favorably with both EPA/West Virginia water quality standards and Vienna City water (R2 = 0.99; p<0.011; N = 13). The EcH2O purifier was found to be affordable and capable of delivering potable water to households in poor countries at about $0.27 per person per day with economic savings of nearly $7.00 at this rate.
Keywords
Validation, EcH2O Reactor, Contaminated Water, Electro-Chemistry, EPA Water Quality Standards
To cite this article
Stephen Opoku-Duah, Gordon Wells, Wycliff Kipkemoi, Ashley Wilcox, Dennis Johnson, Mark Wiley, Validation of the EcH2O Electron-Activated Reactor for Purifying Contaminated Water in Parkersburg (West Virginia), American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 80-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20150306.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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