American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 89-98
Received: Nov. 18, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 27, 2015;
Published: Dec. 16, 2015
Views 5052 Downloads 147
Ghada Ahmed Kadry, Chemical Engineering Department, High Institute of Engineering, El-Shorouk Academy, Cairo, Egypt
This work was performed to extract oil from Jatropha seeds and to study the optimum conditions of extraction. The extraction process was observed with regard to oil yield percent versus time to calculate the kinetic and thermodynamic parameter. On the other hand, Jatropha oil was used as feed stock for biodiesel production by alkali catalyzed methanolysis. The optimum condition for the production process was studied depending on the methyl ester content. The Jatropha biodiesel was blended with 10, 15, and 25% with petroleum diesel and the thermo-physical properties were studied. All the measured properties of Jatropha oil and biodiesel are determined by international standards ASTM6751-07b, with exception of lower oxidation stability.
Ghada Ahmed Kadry,
Biodiesel Production from Jatropha Seeds, American Journal of Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 89-98.
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ali E., and Tay C. (2013) Characterization of Biodiesel produced from palm oil via base catalyzed transesterification. procedia engineering 53: 7-12
Berchmans, H.J. and Hirata. S (2008) Biodiesel production from crude jatropha curcas L. seed oil with a high content of free fatty acids. J. Bioresource Technology 99: 1716-1721. http://www.Scenice direct.com.
Tiwari, A.K., Kumar, A. and Raheman, H (2007) biodiesel production from jatropha (jatropha curcas oil) with high free fatty acid: An optimized process. J. Biomass & Bioenenergy 31: 569-575.
Yusuf, N., Kamarudin, S.k., Yaakub, Z., (2011) overview on the current trends in biodiesel production, Energy conversion and management 52, p. 2741.
Tyagi, S.O., Atray, N., Kumar, B., & Abhadatta, A (2010) Characterization and development of standards for biodiesel- Areview J. Metrology society of India.production, 197-218.
Saxena, P., Jawale, S., Joshipura, M (2013) Review on prediction of properties of biodiesel and blends of biodiesel. procedia engineering 51: 395-402.
Demirbas, A., (2009) program and recent trends in biodiesel fuels, Energy conversion and management 50, p.14.
Tewfik S. R., Hawash S., Attey N.K., El Diwani G. and Farag I. (2012) Techno-economic appraisal of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas: An Egyptian case study. journal of Agricultural sciences and technologyB2 287-297.
Sayyar, S., Abidin, Z. Z., Yunus, R. and Muhammad, A. (2009) Extraction of Oil from Jatropha Seeds-Optimization and Kinetics American Journal of Applied Sciences 6 (7): 1390-1395.
Amin Sh. K., Hawash S., El Diwani G., and El Rafe S. (2010) Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Oil Extraction from Jatropha Curcas in Aqueous Acidic Hexane Solutions. J. American Science 6: 11.
Nwabanne, J. T. (2012) Kinetics and Thermodynamics Study of Oil Extraction from Fluted Pumpkin Seed international journal of multidisciplinary science and engineering 3.6.
Topallar, H. and Geçgel, Ü. (2000). "Kinetics and Thermo–Dynamics of Oil Extraction from Sunflowers Seeds in the Presence of Aqueous Acidic Hexane Solutions". Turk J. Chem., 24, 247–253.
Hawash, S., Kamal, N. and El–Diwani, G.. (2008) "Egyptian Jatropha Oil Extraction for Biodiesel Production". AFINIDAD, 65 (538).
Levenspiel, O. (2003)"Chemical Reaction Engineering". Third edition, John Wily and Sons Inc., New York.
Mohammad- Dabo, A., Ahmed M.S., Hamza, A.., Muazu K. and Aliyu A. (2012) Cosolvent transesterification of Jatropha curcas seed oil. journal of petroleum technology and alternative fuel vol.3(4) pp42-51.
Azhari, F., Yunus R., Ghazi, M., and Yaw, S. (2008) reduction of free fatty acid in crude jatropha curcas oil via an esterification process. international journal of engineering and technology vol.5 p 92-98.