Physicochemical and Spectral Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated 4-Methylbenzoic Acid
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 99-106
Received: Oct. 30, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 9, 2015;
Published: Dec. 21, 2015
Views 4966 Downloads 85
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Ragini Singh, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
The present study was aimed to analyse the impact of biofield energy treatment on the physicochemical and spectral properties of 4-MBA. The compound was divided into two parts which are referred as the control and treated sample. The treated sample was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment and analysed with respect to the control sample. The various analytical techniques used were X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and UV-visible spectroscopy. The XRD data revealed the alteration in the relative intensities of the peaks as well as reduction in the average crystallite size (24.62%) of the treated sample as compared to the control. The surface area analysis revealed a slight reduction in the surface area of the treated sample. The differential scanning calorimetry analysis reported a slight increase in the melting point while significant reduction in the latent heat of fusion of the treated sample (39.96 J/g) as compared to the control (133.72 J/g). Moreover, the TGA thermogram of the treated sample revealed the reduction in the onset temperature and maximum thermal degradation temperature as compared to the control. However, the FT-IR and UV-Vis spectra of treated sample did not show any significant alteration as compared to their respective control spectra. The overall data indicated the improved physical and thermal properties of the biofield treated 4-MBA sample that might be helpful in increasing the reaction kinetics, where it will be used as a reaction intermediate.
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi,
Physicochemical and Spectral Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated 4-Methylbenzoic Acid, American Journal of Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 99-106.
Rose J, Moore MS (2001) Herbs & things: Jeanne Rose's herbal. (2ndedn), Last Gasp, San Fransisco, USA.
El-Ziney MG (2009) GC-MS analysis of benzoate and sorbate in Saudi dairy and food products with estimation of daily exposure. J Food Technol 7: 127-134.
Krisch J, Tserennadmid R, Vagvolgyi C (2011) Essential oils against yeasts and moulds causing food spoilage. Science against microbial pathogens: Communicating current research and technological advances, Badajoz, Spain.
Wibbertmann A, Kielhorn J, Koennecker G, Mangelsdorf I, Melber C (2005) Benzoic acid and sodium benzoate. Concise international chemical assessment document 26, World Health Organization, Geneva.
Wilson CO, Gisvold O, Block JH (2004) Wilson and Gisvold's textbook of organic medicinal and pharmaceutical. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Xiao Y, Luo WP, Zhang XY, Guo CG, Liu Q, et al. (2010) Aerobic oxidation of p-toluic acid to terephthalic acid over T(p-Cl)PPMnCl/Co(OAc)2 under moderate conditions. Catal Lett 134: 155-161.
Budavari S, O'Neil M, Smith A, Heckelman P, Obenchain J (1996) The Merck Index: An encyclopedia of drugs, chemicals, and biological. (12thedn), Merck and Company.
Laidler KJ (2008) Chemical Kinetics. (3rdedn), Pearson Education.
Carballo LM, Wolf EE (1978) Crystallite size effects during the catalytic oxidation of propylene on Pt/γ-Al2O3. J Catal 53: 366-373.
Chaudhary AL, Sheppard DA, Paskevicius M, Pistidda C, Dornheim M, et al (2015) Reaction kinetic behaviour with relation to crystallite/grain size dependency in the Mg–Si–H system. Acta Mater 95: 244-253.
Movaffaghi Z, Farsi M (2009) Biofield therapies: Biophysical basis and biological regulations? Complement Ther Clin Pract 15: 35-37.
Mager J, Moore D, Bendl D, Wong B, Rachlin K, et al. (2007) Evaluating biofield treatments in a cell culture model of oxidative stress. Explore (NY) 3: 386-390.
Peck SD (1998) The efficacy of therapeutic touch for improving functional ability in elders with degenerative arthritis. Nurs Sci Q 11: 123-132.
Turner JG, Clark AJ, Gauthier DK, Williams M (1998) The effect of therapeutic touch on pain and anxiety in burn patients. J Adv Nurs 28: 10-20.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of Pseudomonas fluorescens after biofield treatment. J Infect Dis Ther 3: 222.
Nayak G, Altekar N (2015) Effect of biofield treatment on plant growth and adaptation. J Environ Health Sci 1: 1-9.
Sances F, Flora E, Patil S, Spence A, Shinde V (2013) Impact of biofield treatment on ginseng and organic blueberry yield. Agrivita J Agric Sci 35: 22-29.
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, et al. (2015) Fourier transform infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic characterization of biofield treated salicylic acid and sparfloxacin. Nat Prod Chem Res 3: 186.
Inoue M, Hirasawa I (2013) The relationship between crystal morphology and XRD peak intensity on CaSO4•2H2O. J Cryst Growth 380: 169-175.
Hathwar VR, Thakur TS, Row TNG, Desiraju GR (2011) Transferability of multipole charge density parameters for supramolecular synthons: A new tool for quantitative crystal engineering. Cryst Growth Des 11: 616-623.
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RR (2008) A transcendental to changing metal powder characteristics. Met Powder Rep 63: 22-28, 31.
Behnajady MA, Alamdari ME, Modirshahla N (2013) Investigation of the effect of heat treatment process on characteristics and photocatalytic activity of TiO2-UV100 nanoparticles. Environ Prot Eng 39: 33-46.
Katritzky AR, Jain R, Lomaka A, Petrukhin R, Maran U, et al. (2001) Perspective on the relationship between melting points and chemical structure. Cryst Growth Des 1: 261-265.
Zemansky MW (1968) Heat and thermodynamics. (5thedn), McGraw Hill, New York.
Pierre P (1998) A to Z of thermodynamics. Oxford University Press.
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Singh R (2015) Physical, thermal and spectroscopic characterization of m-toluic Acid: An impact of biofield treatment. Biochem Pharmacol (Los Angel) 4: 178.
Espenson JH (1995) Chemical kinetics and reaction mechanisms. (2ndedn) Mcgraw-Hill, U.S.
Morrell CE, Beach LK (1948) Oxidation of aromatic compounds. U.S. Patent 2443832.
Hull EH (1979) Production of N,N-di(ethyl)-meta-toluamide from meta-toluic acid by liquid phase catalytic reaction with diethylamine. U.S. Patent 4133833A.
Johnson AW (1999) Invitation to organic chemistry. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Lambert JB (1987) Introduction to organic spectroscopy. Macmillan, New York, USA.
Pavia DL, Lampman GM, Kriz GS (2001). Introduction to spectroscopy. (3rdedn), Thomson Learning, Singapore.
Lang L (1969) Absorption spectra in the ultraviolet and visible region. Akademiai Kiado Publishers, Budapest.