Use of Hydrous Manganese Oxides Nanopowders as a Potential Sorbent for Selective Removal of Nickel Ions from Industrial Waste Water, Kinetics and Isotherm Studies
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 170-178
Received: Nov. 19, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 1, 2016; Published: Jan. 12, 2017
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Authors
R. Ghaniem, Chemical Engineering Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Y. A. El-Taweil, Chemical Engineering Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
M. E. Ossman, Petrochemical Engineering Department, Pharos University, PUA, Alexandria, Egypt; Informatic Research Institute (IRI), City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications (CSRTA), Alexandria, Egypt
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Abstract
Hydrous Manganese Oxides Nanopowders as nano adsorbent (MONs) was synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The adsorption of Ni (II) ions from aqueous solution on the MONs was investigated with variations in contact time, pH, initial Ni (II) concentration and adsorbent dosage. The results showed that the adsorption of Ni (II) onto MONs increased within 25 min and reached equilibrium gradually and removal percentage were 83%, 57%, 42% and 35% for 25 ppm, 50 ppm, 75 ppm and 100 ppm Ni (II), respectively, by using 1g/l MONs for 90 min at pH 6. The adsorption behavior of Ni (II) onto MONs was best described by the pseudo-second-order model and Freundlish isotherm. The results also indicated that the type of adsorption involved in this study is physiosorption (physical sorption) which usually takes place at low temperature. The results also revealed that MONs was a promising adsorbent for removal of Ni ions from industrial wastewater.
Keywords
Manganese Oxides, Nickel, Adsorption, Metal Oxides, Nano Adsorbent
To cite this article
R. Ghaniem, Y. A. El-Taweil, M. E. Ossman, Use of Hydrous Manganese Oxides Nanopowders as a Potential Sorbent for Selective Removal of Nickel Ions from Industrial Waste Water, Kinetics and Isotherm Studies, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 170-178. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20160406.15
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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