Influence of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical, Spectral, Thermal and Behavioral Properties of Sodium Selenate
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 6-16
Received: Feb. 24, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 9, 2017; Published: Apr. 1, 2017
Views 1770      Downloads 87
Authors
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Barry Dean Wellborn, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Deborah Lea Smith, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Dezi Ann Koster, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Elizabeth Patric, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Jagdish Singh, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Kathleen Starr Vagt, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Krista Joanne Callas, Trivedi Global, Inc., Nevada, USA
Parthasarathi Panda, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, India
Kalyan Kumar Sethi, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Sodium selenate is an important nutraceutical/pharmaceutical compound used for the prevention and treatment of cancer, diabetes, inflammatory diseases, etc. The objective of the current study was to investigate the impact of The Trivedi Effect® - Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment (Biofield Energy Healing treatment) on physical, structural, thermal, and behavioral properties of sodium selenate using PXRD, PSD, FT-IR, UV-vis, TGA, and DSC analysis. Sodium selenate was divided into two parts – one part was control, while another part was treated with The Trivedi Effect® remotely by seven renowned Biofield Energy Healers and defined as The Trivedi Effect® Treated sample. The PXRD analysis showed a significant alteration of the crystallite size of the treated sample in the range of -34.41% to 33.27% compared to the control sample. However, the average crystallite size of the treated sample was significantly decreased by 7.85% compared with the control sample. The particle size of the treated sample at d10, d50, and d90 values were significantly reduced by 4.72%, 8.40%, and 32.33%, respectively compared with the control sample. Consequently, the surface area of the treated sample was significantly increased by 6.25% compared to the control sample. The control and treated FT-IR spectra indicated the presence of sharp and strong absorption bands at 886 cm-1 and 887 cm-1, respectively due to the Se=O stretching. The UV-vis spectroscopic analysis displayed that the wavelength for the maximum absorbance of the control and treated samples were at 204.6 and 204.9 nm, respectively. TGA analysis revealed that the total weight loss of the treated sample was reduced significantly by 5.64% compared with the control sample. The DSC analysis showed that the treated sample (94.63°C) had very close vaporization temperature than the control sample (94.97°C). But, the latent heat of vaporization was increased significantly in the treated sample by 7.06% compared to the control sample. Thus, The Trivedi Effect® - Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment might lead to generate a new polymorphic form of sodium selenate, which would be more soluble, bioavailable, and thermally stable compared with the untreated sample. The Trivedi Effect® treated sodium selenate would be very useful to design better nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic response against inflammatory diseases, immunological disorders, stress, aging, infectious diseases, cancer, diabetes, heart diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, etc.
Keywords
Sodium Selenate, The Trivedi Effect®, Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment, PXRD, Particle Size, Surface Area, TGA, DSC
To cite this article
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Barry Dean Wellborn, Deborah Lea Smith, Dezi Ann Koster, Elizabeth Patric, Jagdish Singh, Kathleen Starr Vagt, Krista Joanne Callas, Parthasarathi Panda, Kalyan Kumar Sethi, Snehasis Jana, Influence of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical, Spectral, Thermal and Behavioral Properties of Sodium Selenate, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 6-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20170502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Basnayake RST (2001) Inorganic selenium and tellurium speciation in aqueous medium of biological samples, Master of Science (Chemistry), December 2001, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas, 60 pp.
[2]
Soruraddin MH, Heydari R, Puladvand M, Zahedi MM. (2011) A. new spectrophotometric method for determination of selenium in cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations after preconcentration with cloud point extraction. Int J. Anal Chem 2011: 729651.
[3]
UmyFsová D, Vítová M, Doušková I, Bišová K, Hlavová M, Čížková M, Machát J, Doucha J, Zachleder V. (2009) Bioaccumulation and toxicity of selenium compounds in the green alga Scenedesmus quadricauda. BMC Plant Biol 9: 58.
[4]
Gonzalez CM, Hernandez J, Peralta-Videa JR, Botez CE, Parsons JG, Gardea-Torresdey JL. (2012) Sorption kinetic study of selenite and selenate onto a high and low pressure aged iron oxide nanomaterial. J. Hazard Mater 211-212: 138-145.
[5]
Sabaty M, Avazeri C, Pignol D, Vermeglio A. (2001) Characterization of the reduction of selenate and tellurite by nitrate reductases. Appl Environ Microbiol 67: 5122-5126.
[6]
Van Eersel J, Ke YD, Liu X, Delerue F, Kril JJ, Götz J, Ittner LM. (2010) Sodium selenate mitigates tau pathology, neurodegeneration, and functional deficits in Alzheimer’s disease models. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107: 13888-13893.
[7]
Salama RM, Schaalan MF, Elkoussi AA, Khalifa AE. (2013) Potential utility of sodium selenate as an adjunct to metformin in treating type II diabetes mellitus in rats: A. perspective on protein tyrosine phosphatase. Biomed Res Int 2013: 231378.
[8]
Ryan-Harshman M, Aldoori W. (2005) The relevance of selenium to immunity, cancer, and infectious/inflammatory diseases. Can J. Diet Pract Res 66: 98-102.
[9]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_selenate.
[10]
Krieger RI. (2001) Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, 2nd Edn, Volume 1; Academic Press: San Diego, CA.
[11]
Hanson B, Lindblom SD, Loeffler ML, Pilon-Smits E. (2004) Selenium protects plants from phloem-feeding aphids due to both deterrence and toxicity. New Phytologist 162: 655-662.
[12]
Haug A, Graham RD, Christophersen OA, Lyons GH. (2007) How to use the world’s scarce selenium resources efficiently to increase the selenium concentration in food. Microb Ecol Health Dis 19: 209-228.
[13]
Rubik B. (2002) The biofield hypothesis: Its biophysical basis and role in medicine. J. Altern Complement Med 8: 703-717.
[14]
Nemeth L (2008) Energy and biofield therapies in practice. Beginnings 28: 4-5.
[15]
Rivera-Ruiz M, Cajavilca C, Varon J. (2008) Einthoven's string galvanometer: The first electrocardiograph. Tex Heart Inst J. 35: 174-178.
[16]
Koithan M. (2009) Introducing complementary and alternative therapies. J. Nurse Pract 5: 18-20.
[17]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Sethi KK, Jana S. (2016) Isotopic abundance ratio analysis of biofield energy treated indole using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Science Journal of Chemistry 4: 41-48.
[18]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Panda P, Jana S. (2016) Evaluation of the isotopic abundance ratio in biofield energy treated resorcinol using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. Pharm Anal Acta 7: 481.
[19]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Bairwa K, Jana S. (2015) Fourier transform infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic characterization of ammonium acetate and ammonium chloride: An impact of biofield treatment. Mod Chem appl 3: 163.
[20]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Bairwa K, Jana S. (2015) Spectroscopic characterization of disodium hydrogen orthophosphate and sodium nitrate after biofield treatment. J. Chromatogr Sep Tech 6: 282.
[21]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Bairwa K, Jana S. (2015) Impact of biofield treatment on spectroscopic and physicochemical properties of p-nitroaniline. Insights in Analytical Electrochemistry 1: 1-8.
[22]
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Latiyal O, Mishra RK, Jana S. (2015) Physicochemical characterization of biofield treated calcium carbonate powder. American Journal of Health Research 3: 368-375.
[23]
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Latiyal O, Jana S. (2015) Physical, atomic and thermal properties of biofield treated lithium powder. J Adv Chem Eng 5: 136.
[24]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mondal SC, Jana S. (2015) In vitro evaluation of biofield treatment on viral load against human immunodeficiency-1 and cytomegalo viruses. American Journal of Health Research. 3: 338-343.
[25]
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S. (2015) Phenotypic and biotypic characterization of Klebsiella oxytoca: An impact of biofield treatment. J. Microb Biochem Technol 7: 203-206.
[26]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Shettigar H, Nayak G, Gangwar M, Jana S. (2015) Assessment of antibiogram of multidrug-resistant isolates of enterobacter aerogenes after biofield energy treatment. J. Pharma Care Health Sys 2: 145.
[27]
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S. (2015) In vitro evaluation of biofield treatment on Enterobacter cloacae: Impact on antimicrobial susceptibility and biotype. J Bacteriol Parasitol 6: 241.
[28]
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S. (2015) Evaluation of biofield modality on viral load of Hepatitis B. and C. viruses. J. Antivir Antiretrovir 7: 083-088.
[29]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, Jana S. (2015) Effect of biofield energy treatment on chlorophyll content, pathological study, and molecular analysis of cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale L.). Journal of Plant Sciences. 3: 372-382.
[30]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mondal SC, Jana S. (2015) Morphological characterization, quality, yield and DNA fingerprinting of biofield treated alphonso mango (Mangifera indica L.). Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 3: 245-250.
[31]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Bairwa K, Jana S. (2015) Physical, thermal, and spectroscopic characterization of biofield energy treated murashige and skoog plant cell culture media. Cell Biology 3: 50-57.
[32]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mishra RK, Jana S. (2015) Characterization of physical, thermal and spectral properties of biofield treated date palm callus initiation medium. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 4: 660-668.
[33]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mishra RK, Jana S. (2015) Comparative physicochemical evaluation of biofield treated phosphate buffer saline and hanks balanced salt medium. American Journal of BioScience 3: 267-277.
[34]
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S. (2015) Evaluation of phenotyping and genotyping characterization of Serratia marcescens after biofield treatment. J. Mol Genet Med 9: 179.
[35]
Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Charan S, Jana S. (2015) Phenotyping and 16S rDNA analysis after biofield treatment on Citrobacter braakii: A. urinary pathogen. J Clin Med Genom 3: 129.
[36]
Chereson R. (2009) Bioavailability, bioequivalence, and drug selection. In: Makoid CM, Vuchetich PJ, Banakar UV (Eds) Basic pharmacokinetics (1st Edn) Pharmaceutical Press, London.
[37]
Trivedi MK, Mohan TRR (2016) Biofield energy signals, energy transmission and neutrinos. American Journal of Modern Physics 5: 172-176.
[38]
Chauhan A, Chauhan P. (2014) Powder XRD technique and its applications in science and technology. J. Anal Bioanal Tech 5: 212.
[39]
Alexander L, Klug HP. (1950) Determination of crystallite size with the X-Ray Spectrometer. J App Phys 21: 137.
[40]
Langford JI, Wilson AJC (1978) Scherrer after sixty years: A. survey and some new results in the determination of crystallite size. J. Appl Cryst 11: 102-113.
[41]
Inoue M, Hirasawa I. (2013) The relationship between crystal morphology and XRD peak intensity on CaSO4.2H2O. J. Crystal Growth 380: 169-175.
[42]
Raza K, Kumar P, Ratan S, Malik R, Arora S. (2014) Polymorphism: The phenomenon affecting the performance of drugs. SOJ Pharm Pharm Sci 1: 10.
[43]
Thiruvengadam E, Vellaisamy G. (2014) Polymorphism in pharmaceutical ingredients a review. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 3: 621-633.
[44]
Brittain HG (2009) Polymorphism in pharmaceutical solids in Drugs and Pharmaceutical Sciences, volume 192, 2nd Edn, Informa Healthcare USA, Inc., New York.
[45]
Blagden N, de Matas M, Gavan PT, York P. (2007) Crystal engineering of active pharmaceutical ingredients to improve solubility and dissolution rates. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 59: 617-630.
[46]
Mosharrof M, Nystrӧm C. (1995) The effect of particle size and shape on the surface specific dissolution rate of microsized practically insoluble drugs. Int J Pharm 122: 35-47.
[47]
Khadka P, Ro J, Kim H, Kim I, Kim JT, Kim H, Cho JM, Yun G, Lee J. (2014) Pharmaceutical particle technologies: An approach to improve drug solubility, dissolution and bioavailability. Asian J Pharm Sci 9: 304-316.
[48]
Buckton G, Beezer AE. (1992) The relationship between particle size and solubility. Int J Pharmaceutics 82: R7-R10.
[49]
Stuart BH. (2004) Infrared spectroscopy: Fundamentals and applications in Analytical Techniques in the Sciences. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, UK.
[50]
Hesse M, Meier H, Zeeh B. (1997) Spectroscopic methods in organic chemistry, Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York.
[51]
Bajaj S, Singla D, Sakhuja N. (2012) Stability testing of pharmaceutical products. J. App Pharm Sci 2: 129-138.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186