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Short Communication: Requiring Reverse Osmosis Membranes Modifications – An Overview
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 81-88
Received: Jun. 18, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 27, 2017; Published: Jul. 31, 2017
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Djamel Ghernaout, Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Hail, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia; Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Blida, Blida, Algeria
Abd El-Aziz El-Wakil, Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Hail, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
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Do really reverse osmosis (RO) membranes need modification to cover their disadvantages or enhance their efficiency? Are there any defects in RO membranes manufacturing that require modification? These questions are discussed here in this short review. Through the world, there are thousands of patents, publications, and PhD theses dealing with surface modification and grafting of RO membranes. This growing phenomenon should attract the attention of the scientific community for technologic and economic reasons. Due to the increasing water pollution levels, which overpassed the RO membranes capacities, there is an urgent need to manufacture RO membranes, with multidisciplinary characteristics and high performance regarding both salts removal and fouling resistance, before sending them to the market and avoiding to think to their following modification.
Reverse Osmosis (RO), Membrane Modification, Desalination, Water/Wastewater Treatment, Membrane Fouling
To cite this article
Djamel Ghernaout, Abd El-Aziz El-Wakil, Short Communication: Requiring Reverse Osmosis Membranes Modifications – An Overview, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 81-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20170504.15
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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