Water Reuse: Extenuating Membrane Fouling in Membrane Processes
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 25-36
Received: Mar. 29, 2018; Accepted: Apr. 13, 2018; Published: May 4, 2018
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Djamel Ghernaout, National Initiative on Creativity and Innovation Project, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia; Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Blida, Blida, Algeria
Yasser Alshammari, National Initiative on Creativity and Innovation Project, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Abdulaziz Alghamdi, National Initiative on Creativity and Innovation Project, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Mohamed Aichouni, National Initiative on Creativity and Innovation Project, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Mabrouk Touahmia, National Initiative on Creativity and Innovation Project, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Noureddine Ait Messaoudene, National Initiative on Creativity and Innovation Project, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
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Membrane fouling has been recognized as a serious barrier in microfiltration and ultrafiltration of secondary effluent. Feed pre-treatment is a frequent use for fouling extenuation. Numerous techniques have been employed to monitor membrane fouling. These include: Pre-treatment of the feedwater, modification of membrane properties, optimization of module configuration and operating conditions, periodic membrane cleaning, evaluation of system performance using pilot plant, and use of predictive models. However, membrane fouling remains complicated task for both technico-economic reasons depending on water characteristics and pre-treatment processes and efficiencies. The large majority of the membranes employed in water and wastewater treatment are produced of polymeric materials. Nevertheless, it has been expected that ceramic membranes will be competitive options in the following years.
Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), Microfiltration (MF), Ultrafiltration (UF), Membrane Fouling, Feedwater (FW)
To cite this article
Djamel Ghernaout, Yasser Alshammari, Abdulaziz Alghamdi, Mohamed Aichouni, Mabrouk Touahmia, Noureddine Ait Messaoudene, Water Reuse: Extenuating Membrane Fouling in Membrane Processes, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 25-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20180602.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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