The Effect of Catalyst Ratio on the Pyrolysis Yields for Waste Tyre
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 60-64
Received: Aug. 1, 2018; Accepted: Aug. 19, 2018; Published: Sep. 15, 2018
Views 284      Downloads 24
Falah Fahed Banihani, Department of Chemical Engineering, Albalqa Applied University, Alhuson, Jordan
Zaid Falah Bani Hani, Department of Civil Engineering, JUST University, Irbed, Jordan
Article Tools
Follow on us
This paper focus on the thermal pyrolysis of used tyre with different catalysts at a temperature 550°C and at a heating rate of 15°C/min. The effect of process parameters on liquid yield, char formation and volatiles were also studied. In the present work, thermal pyrolysis of waste tyre samples with two selected catalysts, namely Jordan zeolite (zeolite Jo) and activated alumina was carried out in a fixed-bed reactor. The catalyst was mixed with feedstock in different percentages (10%, 15%, 25% and 35% w/w). The effects of catalysts and their ratio on the pyrolysis product oil were investigated and the results were compared with the results of experiments performed without catalyst under the same conditions (temperature 550°C at a heating rate of 150C/min). The maximum liquid yield obtained from pyrolysis of waste tyre via catalyst were found as 49.32% and 51.54% on using activated alumina and zeolite Jo as catalysts, respectively, while these values were 42.48%, without catalyst. The mass loss of tyre was examined using the thermo gravimetric analysis profiles (TGA) at heating rate of 15°C/min in air atmosphere from room temperature up to 600°C. The tyre pyrolysis liquid product has been characterized including fuel properties, proximate analysis, and ultimate analysis and FTIR. Fuel properties show that it can be used as liquid fuels.
Catalysts, Waste Tyre, Zeolite, Pyrolysis, Bio-Oil
To cite this article
Falah Fahed Banihani, Zaid Falah Bani Hani, The Effect of Catalyst Ratio on the Pyrolysis Yields for Waste Tyre, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 60-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20180604.14
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cumali I, HüseyinA. Fuel production from waste vehicle tires by catalytic pyrolysis and its application in adieselengine., Fuel Process. Technol, Vol. 92, 2011, PP. 1129-1135.
K. Naima and A. Liazid, Waste oils as alternative fuel for diesel engine:A review, Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels, Vol. 4 (3), 2013, pp. 30-43.
J. D. Martínez, N. Puy, R. Murillo, T. García, M. V. Navarro, A. M. Mastral. Waste tyre pyrolysis–A Review, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. vol. 23, 2013, pp. 179-213.
Julius I. Osayi, Sunny Iyuke, and Samuel E. Ogbeide, Biocrude Production through Pyrolysis of Used Tyres, Vol. 2014, Article ID 386371, pp. 9.
M. Suanya, M. Thirmurugan, et. al, Recovery of oil from waste tyres using Pyrolysis method, International Journal of Research inEngineering& Technology (IJRET), Vol. 1, Issue 2, 2013, pp. 81-90.
J. D. Martinez, A. Veses, A. M. Mastral et al., Co-pyrolysis of biomass withwastetyres: upgrading of liquid to bio-fuel, Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 119, 2014, pp. 263–271.
S. Frigo, M. Seggiani, M. Puccini, and S. Vitolo, Liquid fuel production from waste tyre pyrolysis and its utilization in adiesel engine, Fuel, vol. 116, 2014 pp. 399–408.
H. Aydin and C. Ilkilic, Optimization of fuel production from waste vehicle tyres by pyrolysis and resembling to diesel fuel by various desulfurizationmethods, Fuel, vol. 102, 2012, pp. 605–612.
M. Balat, M. Balat, E. Kirtay, and H. Balat, “Main routes for the thermo-conversion of biomass into fuels and chemicals. Part 1: pyrolysis systems,” Energy Conversion andManagement, vol. 50, no. 12, 2009, pp. 3147–3157.
DebalaxmiPradhan and R. K. Singh, Thermal Pyrolysis of Bicycle Waste Tyre Using Batch Reactor, International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 5, October 2011.
Islam MR, Haniu H, Beg Alam MR,. “Liquid fuels and chemicals from pyrolysis of motorcycle tyre waste Product yields, compositions and related properties. Fuel 87, 2008, pp. 3112–3122.
Y. Kar, Catalytic pyrolysis of car tire waste using expanded perlite, Waste Management, vol. 31, no. 8, 2011, pp. 1772–1782.
Williams PT, Bottrill RP, Cunliffe AM, Combustion of Tyre Pyrolysis Oil, TransI ChemE, Part B, Vol. 76, 1998, pp. 291–301.
Zahra Zamiraeia, MohammadrezaGolriza, MehranParsaa, Applying the Recyclable Waste Tire for Crude Oil Absorption, International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Volume 8, No. 1, 2017.
J. D. Martinez, A. Veses, A. M. Mastral et al., Co-pyrolysis of biomass withwaste tyres: upgrading of liquid to bio-fuel, Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 119, 2014, pp. 263–271.
Juma M, Korenova Z, Markos J, Jelemensky L, Bafrnec M, Experimental study of pyrolysis and combustion of scarp tyre. Polymer for advanced technology. Vol. 18, 2007, pp. 144-148.
Makhan Mia, Ariful Islam, Robiul Islam Rubel, Mohammad Rofiqul Islam, Fractional Distillation & Characterization of Tire Derived Pyrolysis Oil, International j. of eng. Technology, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017.
FalahBanihani, Transesterification and Production of Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil: Effect of Operation Variables on Fuel Properties, American journal of chemical engineering, vol. 6, 2016, pp. 6.
Juan D. Martínez et. al, Co-pyrolysis of biomass with waste tyres: upgrading of the liquid bio-fuel, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 119, 2014pp. 263-271.
[ 20] Lucia Hrušková, AndrásPeller, PavolDaučík, evaluation of crumb rubber properties term of use as modifier for asphalt, Pet Coal, Vol. 58 (3), 2016 pp. 349-358.
Antoniou N, Zabaniotou A., Features of an efficient and environmentally attractive used tyresPyrolysis with energy and material recovery. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; 2012 pp. 539–558.
. AdetoyeseOyedun, Ka-Leung Lam, MalteFittkau, Chi. Wai Optimization particle size in waste tyre Pyrolysis. Fuel; 2012, pp. 417-424.
M. Juma, Z. Koreňová, J. Markoš, J. Annus, Ľ. Jelemenský, Pyrolysis and composition of scrap tire”, Petroleum & Coal, Vol. 48 (1), 2006, pp. 15-26.
Mohamed Gomma Elnour1 and Hala Abbas Laz, Tire Hazardous, Disposal and Recycling, Journal of Applied and Industrial Sciences, Vol. 2 (2), 2014, pp. 63-74.
Rodriguez IM, Laresgoiti MF, Cabrero MA, Torres A, Chomon MJ, Caballero B, 2001, Pyrolysis of scrap tyres, Fuel Processing Technology; Vol. 72, 2001, pp. 9-22.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931