American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 126-134
Received: Jun. 6, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 26, 2018;
Published: Jan. 10, 2019
Views 636 Downloads 113
Okon Ebi Ebi, Department of Chemical/Petrochemical Engineering, AkwaIbom State University, MkpatEnin, Nigeria
Ademiluyi Falilat Taiwo, Department of Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering River State University of Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Adepoju Tunde Folorunsho, Department of Chemical/Petrochemical Engineering, AkwaIbom State University, MkpatEnin, Nigeria
The Kinetics of the Biosorption of Methylene Blue onto LagenariaSphaerica as adsorbent was studied and the plant was characterized to check it suitability to be used as adsorbent for the treatment of aqueous waste water. The LagenariaSphaerica used was sliced into small sizes, sun dried for 14 days and later oven dried at 105°C for 2 hours to archive bone dryness, it was ground and sieved to various particle sizes and Batch adsorption process was employed. For the study. The effect of process parameters such as Effect of contact time, adsorbent dose, initial concentration of methylene Blue and particle size were investigated. The highest dye uptake stood at 90.1% after 24 hours using an initial dye concentration of 100 ppm and adsorbent dosage of 0.3 g. The experimental data obtained was fitted into adsorption isotherms such as Langmuir and freundlich isotherm model. It was described using linear regression method. Pseudo-first order, pseudo- second order and intra-particle diffusion kinetic models was used to analyze the Experiment. The data best fitted in intra-particle diffusion model and Freundlich isotherm. Considering the result obtained, it can confidently be said that Lagenariasphaerica can be used as an adsorbent for the removal of dye from aqueous solution.
Okon Ebi Ebi,
Ademiluyi Falilat Taiwo,
Adepoju Tunde Folorunsho,
Kinetic Modelling of the Biosorption of Methylene Blue onto Wild Melon (Lagenariasphaerica), American Journal of Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 6, No. 6,
2018, pp. 126-134.
Ademiluyi, F. T. (2016). Kinetic Modeling of Multiple Adsorption of Heavy metal Ion using Activated Carbon From Nigerian Bamboo for Design of Adsorbers. American Journal of Chemical Engineering, 105-113.
Ainane T., F. Khammour1, O. Belghazi, M. Kabbaj1, S. Yousfi1, M. Talbi1 and M. Elkouali1. (2015). Study and modelling of kinetics biosorption of methylene blue on biomass material from waste mint. Grade Science Biotechnology Inc., 281-285.
Akram, Hijazi, Ali M., Hassan R., Wassim R. and Houssein a. (2015). Biosorption of Methylene Blue from Waste Water using Labanese Cymbopogon citratus ( citronnelle). European Scientific Journal, 293-307.
Amune, R. O. (2014). Biosorption of Dye Froom Waste Water onto Luffa Cylindrica. Uyo, Akwa Ibom State: Undergraduate Thesis.
Anjaneyulu, Y., Sreedhara C., N and Suman R., (2005). Decolourization of industrial Effluents- Avaliable Methods and Emerging Technoogies- a Review.. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio-Technology, 4. 245-273.
Asma, N., Hizbullah K., Amir S. K., Zakaria M., Nawshad, M., Muhammad, K., and Naser, M., (2015). Potential Biosorbent Derived from Calligonum Polygonoides for Removal of Methylene Blur Dye from Aqueous solution. The Scientific World Journal, 11.
Bello, O. S., Kayode A. A., and Opeyemi, O. A., (2014). Preparation and Characterization of a novel adsorbent from Moringa Oleifere Leaf. Appl Water Sci.
Dada, A., Olalekan, A., Olatunya, A. and DADA, O.. (2012). Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich Isotherms Studies of Equilibrium Sorption of Zn2+ Unto Phosphoric Acid Modified Rice Husk. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 38-45.
DivyaTeja, D, Bhavani, M., Sridevi, V., Snehalatha, P., Lohita, M. (2013). Biosorption of Methylene Blue Dye From Aqueous Solution Using Papaya Peel. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology., 2. 4073- 4081.
Eugenia, R., Pilar, R., Roberto, H., Jaier, C., Ignacio, B., Manuel, E. (2013). Removal Of Methylene Blue From Aqueous Solutions Using As Biosorbent Sargassum Muticum. An invasive Macroalga in Europe, 198-207.
Girgis, B. S. (1994). carbon from sugar cane bagasse by carbonization in the presence of inorganic acids. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 3: 87-92.
Graham, N., Chen, XG and Jayaseelan, S. (2001). The potential application of activated carbon from sewage sludge to organic dyes removal. Water Science Technol, 43: 245-252.
Hilary, I., Owamah, S. C., and Augustine, K. A., (2013). Biosorptive Capacity of yam peels waste for the removal of dye from aqueous solutions. Civil and Environmental Research, 3: 36-47.
HO, Y. and Mckay G., (1998). Kinetic Models for the Sorption of Dye from Aqueous Solution by wood. Institution of Chemical Engineers, 183-191.
Igwe, J. C and Abia, A. A. (2007). Adsorption isotherm studies of Cd (II), Pb (II) and Zn (II) ions bioremediation from aqueous solution using unmodified and EDTA-modified maize cob. Ecletica Quimica, 33-42.
Kadirvelu, K., Kavipriya, M., Karthika, C., Radhika, M., Vennilamani, N. and Pattabhi, S. (2003). Utilization of various agricultural wastes for activated carbon preparation and application for the removal of. Bioresour Technol, 87: 129-132
Khan, T., Sharma, S, Ali I. (2011). Adsorption of Rhodamine B Dye from Aqueous Solution onto Acid Activated Mango (Magniferaindica) Leaf Powder. J Toxicol Environ Heal Science, 3.286-297.
Kini, M. Srinivas, M., Saidutta, V. and Ramachandra, V., (2014). Studies on Biosorption of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solutions by Powdered Palm Tree Flower (Borassus flabellifer). International Journal of Chemcal Engineering.
Laowansiri, M. (2008). Anaerobic Degradation Kinetics of Reactive Dyes with Different Carbon Sources. Journal of Environmental Biology, 29, 309-314.
Low, K. S., Lee, C. K, and Tan, K. K. (1995). Biosorption of basic dyes by water hyacinth roots. Bioresour Technol, 52: 79-83.
Lutpi, N. A., Wong, Y. S., and Ain, N. K. (2001). Removal of methylene blue using pineapple peel powder as adsorbent. CUTSE International Conference (pp. 352-356). Sarawak, Malaysia: universiti Malaysia perlis press.
Macedo, J., Junior, N., Almeida, L. (2006). Kinetic and calorimetric study of the adsorption of dyes on mesoporous activated cgarbon prepared from coconut. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 298: 515-522.
McKay, G. (1996). Use of adsorbents for the removal of pollutants from wastewater. Raton: CRC press.
Nurul, S. (2009). Biosorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution using dried water hyacinth (eichornia crassipes)''. journal of environmental resources, 5. 1. 67-74.
Oboh, I. O., Aluyor, E. O., and Adudu, T. O. (2011). Application of Luffa Cylindrica in Natural form as Biosorbent to Removal of Divalent Metals from Aqueous Solutions - Kinectic and Equilibrium Study. Waste Wate- Treatment and Reutilization, Prof. Fernando SebastiAn GarcAa Einschlag (Ed.), 953-978.
Rajeshwari, S. and Subburam V. (2002). Activated parthenium carbon as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes and heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol, 85: 205-206.
Robinson, T., McMullan, G., Marchant, R. and Nigam, P. (2001). Remediation of Dye in Textile Effluents: A Critical Review on current Treament Technologies With a Proposed Alternative. Bioresource Technology, 77, 247-255.
Samal, D. (2014). Characterization and Study of Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye Using Activated Carbon. India: National Institute of Technology Rourkela press.
Sridevi, V. (2013). Biosorption of Methylene Blue by spent Biomass of Aspergillus Terreus using Response Surface Methodology. international Journal of Pharm and Bio Sciences, 4: 317-325.
Umoren, W. B. (2014). Biosorption of Dye From Waste Water onto Cola Argentea. Uyo, Akwa Ibom State: undergraduate thesis.
Viraraghavan, T. and Fu, Y. (2001). Fungal decolorization of dye wastewaters: a review. Bioresour Technol, 79: 251-262.
Welman, M.(2004). Lagenaria sphaerica Sond. Naudin. pretoria: S A National Biodiversity Institute.
Zaker Y., Hossain M. A. and Islam, T. S. (2013). Effect of various factors on the Adsorption of Methylene Blue on Silt fractionated from Bijoypur soil, Bangladesh. International Research Journal of Environmental Sciences.