American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 2-1, April 2017, Pages: 6-14
Received: Dec. 31, 2016;
Accepted: Jan. 20, 2017;
Published: Mar. 6, 2017
Views 1829 Downloads 83
Mst. Murshida Khatun, Department of Textile Engineering, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Upama Nasrin Haq, Bangladesh University of Business & Technology (BUBT), Dhaka, Bangladesh
The demand of chemical treatment on denim fabric to create a new look is increasing day by day. Now- a -days biochemical wash has become a trendy choice to customer. Manufacturers are in a rush to fulfill the demand of customer. They also are to take in consideration the quality of the product after the treatment. So This paper represents and compares the effect of biochemical wash on woven denim fabrics by means of GSM (gram per square meter) measurement, shrinkage test, count measurement, EPI & PPI measurement, comparison of color depth, air permeability test, rubbing test & hand feel test. Acid enzyme was used as a biochemical for the treatment. Treatment increases the GSM of woven denim apparels. Dimensional change is occurred due to enzyme wash. Lengthwise shrinkage can be ignored but widthwise shrinkage should be taken in concern. There is little effect on EPI & PPI due to enzyme wash on woven denim apparels. Enzyme wash decreases the depth of color on woven denim apparel. Air permeability also becomes lower due to treatment. Finally with the increase of time hand feel i.e. the apparels become softer due to enzyme wash.
Mst. Murshida Khatun,
Upama Nasrin Haq,
Effects of Biochemical Wash on 100% Cotton Denim Apparel, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Special Issue: Advanced Chemical and Biochemical Technology for Biofuels.
Vol. 5, No. 2-1,
2017, pp. 6-14.
M. E. Khan, Technology of denim manufacturing, 1st ed., books fair publication: Bangladesh, 2011, pp- 1-109.
E. S. A. Belal, Understanding textile for a merchandiser, 1st ed., BMN3 foundation: Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2009, pp-283-284.
M. M. R. Khan, M. I. H. Mondal, M. Z. Uddin, “Effect of Bleach wash on the physical and mechanical properties on denim garments” ICME 14 FL-022, 2011, pp-1-6.
M. M. R Khan, M. I. H Mondal, M. Z. Uddin, “Sustainable washing for denim garmentsby enzymatic treatment” journal of chemical engineering, the institute of engineers (IEB), vol. che 27, no. 1. june 2012, pp 27-31.
M. T. Islam, Garments washing & dyeing, Ananto publication: Dhaka, 2010, pp 220-222.
D. Arjun, J. Hiranmayee, M. N. Farheen, Technology of Industrial denim washing: Review”, International Journal of Industrial Engineering & Technology (IJIET), vol 3, Issue 4, Oct 2013, pp. 25-34.
www. Google.com, Wikipedia of pumice stone (retrieved: February, 25, 2013 at 9.30 pm).
Hams group, personal communication, hams washing & dyeing LTD., 190, Tejgaon, I/A, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2009.
S. Mazumder, “Effects of sand blasting with Industrial Enzyme silicon wash on Denim apparel Characteristics” Daffodil International University Journal of science and Technology, vol 5, Issue 4, January 2010, pp 6-10.
ASTM D 1776 “standard practice for conditioning textile for testing” American society for testing and materials, annual book of ASTM Standards, ASTM International, west Conshohocken, PA, USA, vol 7 (1), 2008.
ASTM D 3776, “standard test method for mass per unit area (weight) of woven fabric,” American society for testing and materials, annual book of ASTM standards, ASTM international, west Conshohocken, PA, USA, vol. 7 (2), 1996.
AATCC test method 96, dimensional changes in commercial laundering of textile chemists and colorists, 2009.
AATCC test method 61 “color fastness to laundering, home commercial: accelerated”, American Association of texresca triangle park, N. C., USA, 2010.
E. P. G. Gohl L. D. vilensky, textile science, 2nd ed., CBS publisher and distributors, 1983, pp. 43-46.
A. B. siddique, H. A. Begum, M. R. Islam, M. S. Ahmed, introduction to textile engineering, 1st ed., Siddique book house publisher, Bangladesh, 2013, pp. 114-116.
J. E. booth, principle of textile testing, 3rd ed., CBS publisher & distributors, 1968, pp. 225-229.
B. P. Saville, Physical testing of textile, 1st. ed. Woodhead publications Ltd and CRC Press LLC, 1999, pp. 168-175.
M. A. kasheem, Garments Merchandising, Lucky-one Traders publications 2008, pp. 220-224.
V. A. shenai, Chemistry of Organic Textile Chemicals, 2nd ed., Publishers, Bombay- 4000031, 1995, pp. 180-183.
M. I. H. Mondal, M. M. R. Khan, “Characterization and process optimization of indigo dyed cotton denim garments by enzymatic wash”, Fashion and Textile, 2014, 1: 19, pp-1-2.
M. A. Taylor, “Technology of Textile Properties”, Forbes Publication, Third edition, 1990, pp-172-173.
Booth. J. E.; “Principles of textile testing”, CBS PUBLISHERS AND DISTRIBUTORS, Third edition, 2008, pp: 276-277.
IS-11056” METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF AIR PERMEABILITY OF FABRICS”, Indian Standard, 1984.
U. N. Haq, M. M. R. Khan, M. M. R. Khan, “INVESTIGATION OF THE BULK, SURFACE AND TRANSFER PROPERTIES OF CHLORINE BLEACHED DENIM APPAREL AT DIFFERENT CONDITION”, European Scientific Journal, Vol. 11, No. 12, 2015, pp- 221-222.