Study of Polymer Electrolyte for Zn Rechargeable Nanos-tructured Galvanic Cells via Combined in Situ SAXS/ DSC/ WAXD Measurements
American Journal of Nano Research and Applications
Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2013, Pages: 6-10
Received: Apr. 2, 2013;
Published: May 30, 2013
Views 3388 Downloads 127
A. Turković, Institute "Ruđer Bošković", P. O. Box 180, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia
P. Dubček, Institute "Ruđer Bošković", P. O. Box 180, HR-10003 Zagreb, Croatia
K. Juraić, Institute "Ruđer Bošković", P. O. Box 180, HR-10004 Zagreb, Croatia
S. Bernstorff, Sincrotrone ELETTRA, 5 Basovizza, 34012 Trieste, Italy
M. Buljan, Institute "Ruđer Bošković", P. O. Box 180, HR-10003 Zagreb, Croatia
Polymer electrolytes as nanostructured materials are very attractive components for batteries and opto-electronic devices. (PEO)8ZnCl2 polymer electrolytes were prepared from PEO and ZnCl2. The nanocomposites (PEO)8ZnCl2 themselves contained TiO2, Al2O3, MgO, ZnO and V2O5 nanograins. In this work, the influence of the Al2O3, MgO and V2O5 nanograins to the morphology and ionic conductivity of the nanocomposite was systematically studied by transmission small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) simultaneously recorded with wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at the synchrotron ELETTRA. The SAXS/DSC/WAXD measurements yielded insight into the temperature-dependent changes of the grains of the electrolyte. The heating and cooling rate was 1°C/min and ½°C/min (1). Environment friendly galvanic cells as well as solar cells of the second generation are to be constructed with nanocomposite polymer as electrolyte.
Study of Polymer Electrolyte for Zn Rechargeable Nanos-tructured Galvanic Cells via Combined in Situ SAXS/ DSC/ WAXD Measurements, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2013, pp. 6-10.
A. Turkovi, P. Dubek, K. Jurai, S.Bernstorff, "SAXS/DSC/WAXD Study of Temperature Evolution in Nanocomposite Polymer Electrolytes with Different Nanofillers," Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, vol.12, Issue 11, pp. 8686-8689, 2012.
T.M.A. Abrantes, LJ.Alcacer and C.A.C. Sequeira, "Thin film solid state polymer electrolytes containing silver, copper and zinc ions as charge carriers," Solid State Ionics, vol. 18/19, pp. 315-320, 1986.
M.J.C. Plancha, C.M. Rangel and C.A.C. Sequeira, "Pseudo-equilibrium phase diagrams for PEO-Zn salt-based electrlytes," Solid State Ionics, vol. 116, pp. 293-300, 1999.
A. Turkovi, M. Pavlovi, P. Dubek, M. Lui-Lavevi, B. Etlinger and S. Bernstorff, "SAXS/DSC study of polymer electrolyte for Zn rechargeable nanostructured galvanic cell, " J. Electrochem. Soc., vol.154, Issue 6, pp. A554-A560, 2007.
A. Turkovi, M. Pavlovi, P. Dubek and S. Bernstorff, "SAXS/DSC/WAXD Study of Zn2+-ion Conducting Polymer Electrolyte, " Acta Chimica Slovenica, vol. 55 Issue 4, pp. 822-827, 2008.
A. Turkovi, M. Raki, P. Dubek, M. Lui-Lavevi and S. Bernstorff, "SAXS/WAXS/DSC study of temperature evolution in nanopolymer electrolyte, " Vacuum, vol. 84, Issue 1, pp. 68-71, 2009.
A. Turkovi, P. Dubek, K. Jurai, A. Drašner and S. Bernstorff, "SAXS Studies of TiO2 Nanoparticles in Polymer Electrolytes and in Nanostructured Films," Materials, vol. 3 Issue11, pp.4979-4993, 2010.
A. Turkovi, P. Dubek, K. Jurai, M. Raki and S. Bernstorff, "SAXS/DSC/WAXD Study of γ -irradiated Polymer Electrolyte for Zn Rechargeable Nanostructured Galvanic Cells," Journal of The Organic and Inorganic Polymers, vol.21, Issue 3, pp. 706-710, September 2011.
A. Turkovi, P. Dubek, M. Raki, M. Lonari, B. Etlinger and S. Bernstorff, "SAXS/DSC/WAXD study of TiO2 nanoparticles and the effect of gamma-radiation on nano-polymer electrolyte," Vacuum, vol. 86, Issue 6, pp.750-753, January 2012.
S.J. Visco, M. Liu, L.C. Dejonge, "Cell for making secondary batteries," Patent number 5162175, November 10, 1992.
F. Brochu, M. Duval, "Additives for extruding polymer electrolytes, " Patent number: 5622792 , April 22, 1997.
H. Amenitsch, S. Bernstorff, P. Laggner, "High-flux beamline for small-angle X-ray scattering at ELETTRA," Rev.Sci.Instr., vol. 66, pp. 1624-1626, 1995.
M. Ollivon, G. Keller, C. Bourgaux, D. Kalnin and P. Lesieur; "DSC and high resolution X-ray diffraction coupling," Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol.85, Issue1, pp. 219-224, 2006.
"Small Angle X-ray Scattering," O.Glatter, O. Kratky, Editors, Academic press, 1982, p. 18.
A. Guinier, "La diffraction des rayons X aux trés petits angles: application á l´étude de phénoménes ultramicroscopiques Ann.Phys. (Paris), vol.12, pp.161-238, 1939.
G. Porod, "X-ray low angle scattering of dense colloid systems," Kolloid-Zeitschrift und Zeitschrift fuer Polymere, vol. 133, p.51, 1953.
I. Puci and A.Turkovi, "A Radiation modification of (PEO) 8ZnCl2 polyelectrolyte and nano-composite," Solid State Ionics, vol.176 pp.1797-1800, 2005.
P.G. Bruce, "Ion-polyether coordination complexes: crystalline ionic conductors for clean energy storage," Dalton. Trans. vol.11, pp.1365-1369, 2006.
E. Staunton, A.M. Cristie, I. Martin-Luis, Y.G. Andreev, A.M.Z. Slawin and P.G. Bruce, "Structure of the poly(ethylene oxide)-zinc chloride complex," Agnew. Chem., Int. Ed. vol. 43 Issue16, pp. 2103-205, 2004.