The Studing of Silver Nanoparticle Effect on the Copper Bioleaching Output from Low Grade Sulfidic Ores
American Journal of Nano Research and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages: 6-11
Received: Jan. 26, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 8, 2015; Published: Feb. 28, 2015
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Authors
Jamshid Raheb, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran
Sorur SHaroknyan, Department of Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Fatemeh Nazari, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran
Yasin Rakhshany, Department of Microbiology, Islamic Azad University North Tehran Branch, karaj, Iran
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Abstract
The extraction of metals from ores causes various environmental pollutions. Since Iran is located on the so-called ‘copper belt’ and holds a significant share of the world’s copper mines and resources, reduction of pollution from these mines can have an important effect on the overall reduction of pollution. Copper processing methods include pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy. Pyrometallurgy is mainly used in high grade mines whereas hydrometallurgy process is used in lower grade mines. In low grade copper sulfide mines, hydrometallurgy processes are used which use a lot of energy to covert mineral deposits into oxide forms which are then leached using sulfuric acid, or are extracted using bioleaching process. In acidic leaching, a lot of environmental pollution is created. Bioleaching process is an environmentally-friendly method which is mainly used in mines where the common physicochemical methods are not profitable. In this study, we have tried to increase the efficiency of bioleaching process by adding silver nanoparticle in order to increase the popularity of this method. For this purpose, initially the indigenous bacteria were separated from the ores and after adoption to silver, the bacteria were used in bioleaching tests. Three concentrations of silver component were used for the bioleaching tests. The results were compared to cases where no bacteria and no silver compounds were used, which showed significant increase in copper extraction efficiency. In the next step, the optimum concentration of silver was used in the percolation column. In this stage, four columns were set up for ‘with bacteria and silver’, ‘with silver’, ‘with bacteria’ and ‘without bacteria and silver’. Results show that the column with bacteria and silver produced the highest efficiency of copper extraction.
Keywords
Silver Nanoparticle, Bioleaching, Copper, Ores
To cite this article
Jamshid Raheb, Sorur SHaroknyan, Fatemeh Nazari, Yasin Rakhshany, The Studing of Silver Nanoparticle Effect on the Copper Bioleaching Output from Low Grade Sulfidic Ores, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 6-11. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20150301.12
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