Synthesis of Zn0.5CoxMg0.5-xFe2O4 Nano-Ferrites Using Co-Precipitation Method and Its Structural and Optical Properties
American Journal of Nano Research and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 27-32
Received: Feb. 26, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 10, 2015; Published: Mar. 21, 2015
Views 2327      Downloads 1280
Authors
Abdulmajid Abdallah Mirghni, Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Al Fashir University, Al Fashir, Sudan; Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
Mohamed Ahmed Siddig, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan; Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, National University, Khartoum, Sudan
Mohamed Ibrahim Omer, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nile Valley University, Atbara, Sudan
Abdelrahman Ahmed Elbadawi, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
Abdalrawf Ismail Ahmed, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In this work, cobalt (Co) substituted magnesium Zinc nanocrystalline spinel ferrites having general formula Zn0.5CoxMg0.5-xFe2O4 (with x=0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5) were synthesized using chemical co-precipitation method. The Cobalt substituted magnesium was annealed at 450Cand characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and UV-visible spectroscopy. XRD analysis confirmed the formation of single phase spinel structure. The crystalline size was calculated using Scherer's formula and wasfound to be in 21.44 – 25.03 nm range. The lattice constant was found to decreases as substitution of Co is further increased. The decrease in lattice constant may attribute to the smallerionic radius of Co as compared to Zinc ion. The FTIR spectra for the samples measured in the range of 4000-400 cm-1exhibited symmetric stretching mode of vibration of tetrahedral and octahedral sites. The energy band gaps of the materials were calculated and were found to be in the range of 4.5 to 4.8eV.
Keywords
FTIR, Nanoferrite, Nanoparticles, Spinel Structure
To cite this article
Abdulmajid Abdallah Mirghni, Mohamed Ahmed Siddig, Mohamed Ibrahim Omer, Abdelrahman Ahmed Elbadawi, Abdalrawf Ismail Ahmed, Synthesis of Zn0.5CoxMg0.5-xFe2O4 Nano-Ferrites Using Co-Precipitation Method and Its Structural and Optical Properties, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 27-32. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20150302.13
References
[1]
Flores-Acosta M., Sotelo-Lerma M., Arizpe-Chavez H., Castillon-Barraza F.F., Ramirez-Bon R., Solid State Commun. 128 (2003) 407
[2]
Bognolo G., Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 106 (2003) 169
[3]
Lal Said Jan, Radiman S., Siddig M. A., Muniandy S. V., Hamid M. A., Jamali H. D., Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 251 (2004) 43–52
[4]
Pulisova P., Kovac J., Voigtd A., Raschman P., Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 341 (2013) 93–99
[5]
Salunkhe A. B., Khot V. M., Phadatare M. R., Thorat N. D., Joshib R.S., Yadav H. M., Pawar S. H., Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 352 (2014) 91–98
[6]
Ganjkhanlou, Yadolah, Application of Image Analysis in the Characterization of Electrospun Nanofibers, J. Chem. Chem. Eng, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2014
[7]
Maria Yousaf Lodhi, Khalid Mahmood, Azhar Mahmood, Huma Malika, Muhammad Farooq Warsi, Imran Shakir, M. Asghar, Muhammad Azhar Khan Current Applied Physics 14 (2014) 716-720
[8]
A.K. Nikumbh, R.A. Pawar, D.V. Nighot, G.S. Gugale, M.D. Sangale, M.B. Khanvilkar, A.V. Nagawade, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 355 (2014) 201–209
[9]
Feng Huixia, Chen Baiyi, Zhang Deyi, Zhang Jianqiang, Tan Lin, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 356 (2014) 68–72
[10]
Yue Zhang, Zhi Yang, Di Yin, Yong Liu, ChunLong Fei, Rui Xiong, Jing Shi, GaoLin Yan, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 322 (2010) 3470–3475
[11]
Sukhdeep Singh, Manpreet Singh, N. K. Ralhan, R. K. Kotnala, Kuldeep Chand Verma, Adv. Mat. Lett. 3 (2012) 504-506
[12]
Saeed Abedini Khorrami, Qazale Sadr Manuchehri, Journal of Applied Chemical Research, 7 (2013) 15-23
[13]
I. V. Kasi Viswanath , Y. L. N. Murthy, Kondala Rao Tata, Rajendra Singh, Int. J. Chem. Sci, 11(2013) 64-72
[14]
R.C. Kambale, P.A. Shaikh, N.S. Harale, V.A. Bilur, Y.D. Kolekar, C.H. Bhosale, K.Y. Rajpure, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 490 (2010) 568–571
[15]
S.J. Azhagushanmugam, N. Suriyanarayanan, R. Jayaprakash, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing 21 (2014) 33–37
[16]
A.K. Nikumbh, R.A. Pawar, D.V. Nighot, G.S. Gugale, M.D. Sangale, M.B. Khanvilkar,A.V.Nagawade
[17]
P.Kumar,J.Chand,SatishVerma,M.Sing, International journal of theoretical and applied science, 3 (2011) 10-12
[18]
Suresh Sagadevan. Synthesis and Electrical Properties of TiO2 Nanoparticles Using a Wet Chemical Technique. American Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 27-30. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20130101.16
[19]
Ihab A. Abdel,Latif, Journal of Physics, 1(2012)50-53
[20]
M. Abdullah Dar, Jyoti Shah, W. A. Siddiqui, R. K. Kotnala, Appl Nanosci, 4 (2014) 675–682
[21]
Saeed Abedini Khorrami, Qazale Sadr Manuchehri, Applied Chemical Research, 7 (2013) 17-20.
[22]
A.B. Salunkhe, V.M. Khot, N.D. Thorat, M.R. Phadatare, S.H. Pawar, C.I. Satish, D.S. Dhawale, Applied Surface Science, 264 (2013) 598–604
[23]
Rajjab Ali, Muhammad Azhar Khan, Azhar Mahmood, Adeel Hussain Chughtai, Amber Sultan, Muhammad Shahide, Muhammad Ishaq, Muhammad Farooq Wars, Ceramics International 40 (2014) 3841–3846
[24]
Sonal Singhal, Santosh Bhukal, Jagdish Singh, Kailash Chandra, and S. Bansal, Journal of Nanotechnology, 10 (2011) 1-6
[25]
Rapolu Sridhar, Dachepalli Ravinder, K. Vijaya Kumar, Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2 (2012) 192-199
[26]
J. Smith, H.P. Wijn, Ferrites, 1959, Wiley, New York
[27]
Abd Elkade, N. M. Deraz and Omar H., Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 8 (2013) 8614-8622
[28]
Maria Elena Sanchez-Vergara 1, Juan Carlos Alonso-Huitron, Arturo Rodriguez Gómez and Jerry N. Reider-Burstin, Molecules, 17 (2012) 10000-10013
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186