International Journal of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 14-20
Received: Dec. 19, 2017;
Accepted: Jan. 2, 2018;
Published: Jan. 19, 2018
Views 901 Downloads 73
Ensieh Khodadad Hosseini, Marine Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Hossein Ghafourian, Marine Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Rabbani, Marine Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
One of the main sources of environment pollution is the industrial wastewater which contains heavy metals and can be found in many industries. If these heavy metals enter in the human body, would cause many health problems. On the other hand, different researches around the world show that nanotechnology is an effective way to remove pollutants. In this research, for the first time in the world, a type of natural sponge of Persian Gulf that has Nano holes has been used to remove the lead ion selectively from calcium, magnesium and cobalt ions in aqueous solution. The present study identified a sample belonging to the sponge of Demospongiae class. The aggregation of absorption in the sponge, contact time, particle size and by measuring environment`s pH were measured. The results show this type of sponge, GH-92, is able to absorb different amounts of mentioned metal ions. Adsorption amount of calcium, magnesium and cobalt by this type of sponge was very small. The highest adsorption capacity belonged to lead ion in pH= 4.5 to 5 with mesh 230 which was 79.19 mg per gram of adsorbent. This is the highest adsorption capacity of lead comparison with reported articles for selective separation of lead ion.
Ensieh Khodadad Hosseini,
Selective Separation of Lead Ions Using New Nano-Adsorbent GH-92, International Journal of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 14-20.
Achanai Buasri, Nattawut Chaiyut, Kittiya Phattarasirichot, Phetcharat Yongbut and Lalita Nammueng, Chiang Mai J. Sci. (2008). Use of Natural Clinoptilolite for the Removal of Lead (II) from Wastewater in Batch Experiment, 35 (3): 447-456.
Annadurai, G., Juang, R. S., and Lee, D. J. (2002). Use of cellulose –based wastes for adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions, J. Hazard Matar. 92 (3) 263-274.
Batista, D., Tellini, K., Nudi, A. H., Massone, T. P., de L. Scofield, A., and de L. R. Wagener, A. (2013). Marine sponges as bioindicators of oil and combustion derived PAH in coastal waters Marine Environmental Research, Volume 92, 234-24.
Batzia, F. A., and Sidiras, D. K. (2004). Dye adsorption by calcium-chloride treated beech sawdust in batch and fixed- bed system. Water Res, 38 (13), 2967-2972.
Bhattacharya, A. K., Naiya, T. K., Mandel, S. N., and Das, S. K. (2008). Adsorption, kinetics and equilibrium studies on removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions using different low-cost adsorbents. J. Chem. eng. 137.3.529-541.
Bhimba, V., Vinod, V., and Beulah, C (2013) Marine Sponge Sigmadocia pumila a potential supply for drug findings Journal of Pharmacy Research, Volume 6, Issue 4, 401-403.
Cesar, R. T. T, Sergio, L. C. F., and Marco, A. Z. (2004). Use of modified rice husks as a natural solid adsorbent of trace metals: Characterization and development of an on–line pre concentration system for cadmium and lead determination by FAAS. J. Micro chem., 77, 163 -175.
Cetin, s. and Pehliean, E. (2007). The use of fly ash as a low cost, environmentally friendly alternative to activated carbon for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Colloid surface A, 298 (1-2) 87.
Ekhlasi, L; Younesi, H; Mehraban, Z and Bahramifar, N. (2011). Synthesis and Application of Chitosan of Lead Ions from Aqueous Solutions. J. Water and Wastewater, 1: 10-18.
Heidari, A; Younesi, H and Mehraban, Z. (2009). Removal of Cd (II), Ni (II) and Pb (II) Ions in an Aqueous Solution by Chemically Modified Nano porous MCM-41. J. Water and Wastewater, 1: 25-32.
Lunder, M., Drevenšek, G., Hawlina, S., Sepčić, K., and Žiberna, L. (2012) Cardiovascular effects induced by polymeric 3-alkylpyridinium salts from the marine sponge Reniera sarai Toxicon, Volume 60, Issue 6, 1041- 1048.
Mazaheri-Tehrani, M. (2012) Removal of toxic heavy metals: natural products as bio sorbents. J. feyz, 16 (7) 721- 722.
Namasivaym, C., Kumar. M. D and Begum. R. A (2001). Waste coir pith –a potential biomass for the treatment of dyeing wastewaters Biomass Bioenerg21 (6) 477-483.
Odoemelam, S. A., and Eddy, N. O. (2009). Studies on the use of oyster snail and periwinkle shells as adsorbents for the removal of Pb2+ from aqueous solution. J. of Chemistry, 6 (1), 213-222.
Ozacar, M., Sidiras, D. K., and Sengil, I. A. (2005). Adsorption of metal complex dyes from aqueous solutions by pine sawdust. Bioresour. Technol., 96 (7), 791-795.
Seader, J. D. and Henly, E. J. (2006). Separation process principles., 2nd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York. Senthilkumar, K., Venkatesan, J., Manivasagan, P., and Se-Kwon Kim. (2013) Antiangiogenic effects of marine sponge derived compounds on cancer. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 36, Issue 3, 1097- 1108.
Zavvar Mousavi, S and Arjmandi, A. (2009). Removal of Heavy Metals Industrial Wastewater by Sheep Gut Waste. J. Water and Wastewater, 1: 63-68.