Performance of Damage Detection Methods used in Bridge Structures through Dynamic Tests in Steel Beams
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 18-26
Received: Jan. 31, 2014;
Published: Mar. 20, 2014
Views 3303 Downloads 341
Rolando Salgado, Faculty of Engineering, University of Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
Gustavo Ayala, Institute of Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico
Paulo J. S. Cruz, Autonomous School of Architecture, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal
Sergio A. Zamora, Faculty of Engineering, University of Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
In this document, the performance of damage detection methods used for the evaluation of bridge structures was determined. To do that, these methods were applied to the experimental dynamic parameters obtained from cracked steel I beams. Different damage scenarios were simulated in the steel I beams through saw-cuts perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the beams. The damage detection methods were evaluated under different damage scenarios tried to represent fatigue damage in bridge structures. Ambient vibration tests, before and after damage, were performed on analyzed beams and the obtained dynamic parameters were used for the damage detection procedure. For all the evaluated scenarios, only the first three mode shapes were taken into account. Results indicated high possibility of damage detection when the severity of damage increase, damage is close to a measuring point and far away from an inflexion point and/or the boundary conditions. It was found that Level I methods (just detection) are not confidence to detect damage. On the other hand, level II methods (location) had good performance for the most severe damage scenarios. It was found out that Wavelet based methods are the best choice for their application to bridge structures.
Paulo J. S. Cruz,
Sergio A. Zamora,
Performance of Damage Detection Methods used in Bridge Structures through Dynamic Tests in Steel Beams, American Journal of Civil Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 18-26.
Salgado, R. and Cruz, P.J.S., Modal identification and damage detection of Övik bridge between deliberated damage tests. Sustainable Bridges – Assessment for Future Traffic Demands and Longer Lives, internal report, 2007.
Maas, S., Zürbes, A., Waldmann, D., Waltering M., Bungard, V., and De Roeck, G., Damage assessment of concrete structures through dynamic testing methods. Part 2: Bridge tests. Engineering Structures, vol. 34, 2012, pp. 483-494.
Dilena, M. and Morassi A., Dynamic testing of a damaged bridge. Mechanical System and Signal Processing, vol. 25, 2011, pp. 1485-1507.
Maeck, J., Damage assessment of civil engineering structures by vibration monitoring, PhD dissertation, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 2003.
Gillich, G.R. and Praisach, Z.I., Modal identification and damage detection in beam-like structures using the power spectrum and time-frequency analysis, Signal Processing, vol. 96, 2014, pp. 29-44.
Salgado, R. and Cruz, P.J.S., Detecting damage in structures using wavelet analysis. In Proc. of the 5th international workshop on structural health monitoring, Stanford, CA, USA, 2005, pp. 1809-1816.
Salgado, R., Damage detection in bridges through vibration monitoring: evaluation and application, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal, 2008.
Jassim, Z.A., Ali, N.N., Mustapha, F. and Abdul Jalil, N.A., A review on the vibration analysis for a damage occurrence of a cantilever beam, Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 31, 2013, pp. 442-461.
Silva, J.M.M. and Gómez, A.J.M.A., Experimental dynamic analysis of cracked free-free beams, Experimental Mechanics, vol. 30, 1990, pp. 20-25.
Rytter, A., Vibration based inspection of civil engineering structures. Ph. D. Dissertation, Department of Building Technology and Structural Engineering, Aalborg University, Denmark, 1993.
Gentile, A. and Messina A., On the continuous wavelet transforms applied to discrete vibrational data for detecting open cracks in damaged beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 40, 2003, pp. 295–315.
Hong, J-C., Kim Y.Y., Lee, H.C. and Lee Y.W., Damage detection using the Lipschitz exponent estimated by the wavelet transform: applications to vibration modes of a beam. International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 39, 2002, pp. 1803–1816.
Mallat, S., A wavelet tour of signal processing. Academic Press, Second Edition, New York, 1999.
SVS, ARTEMIS Extractor Pro, release 3.43, modal analysis program, Structural Vibration Solutions A/S, Aalborg, Denmark, 2004.
Salawu, O.S., Detection of structural damage through changes in frequency: a review. Engineering Structures, vol. 19(9), 1997, pp. 718-723.