Development of Rainfall Recharge Model for Natural Groundwater Recharge Estimation in Godagari Upazila of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 48-52
Received: Mar. 3, 2014;
Published: Mar. 30, 2014
Views 2923 Downloads 218
Md. Nurul Islam, Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Anupam Chowdhury, Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Kazi Moinul Islam, Department of Civil Engineering, Southern University Bangladesh, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Mohammed Ziaur Rahaman, Department of Civil Engineering, Southern University Bangladesh, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Estimation and forecast of groundwater recharge and capacity of aquifer are essential issues in effective groundwater resource management in Bangladesh. Godagari Upazilla is located in High Barind Tract situated in the northwestern part of Bangladesh. A typical dry climate with comparatively high temperature prevails in this Barind area. It is particularly significant in regions with large demands for groundwater supplies to meet irrigation needs, where such resources are the key to economic growth. However, the rate of aquifer recharge is one of the most complicated factors to assess in the evaluation of groundwater resources. Assessment of recharge, by whatever method, is normally subject to large uncertainties and errors. In this paper, an attempt has been taken to develop a rainfall recharge model by non-linear regression technique to determine groundwater recharge using only annual rainfall data in Godagari Upazilla based upon groundwater balance study carried out for a number of years. It was also proven that the developed model provided an accurate estimation for similar projects
Md. Nurul Islam,
Kazi Moinul Islam,
Mohammed Ziaur Rahaman,
Development of Rainfall Recharge Model for Natural Groundwater Recharge Estimation in Godagari Upazila of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh, American Journal of Civil Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 48-52.
C. P. Kumar, Estimation of natural groundwater recharge, ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 3(1), 1977, 61-74.
S. R. Saghravani, I. Yusoff, S. Mustapha and S. F. Saghravani, Estimating Groundwater Recharge Using Empirical Method: A Case Study in the Tropical Zone, Sains Malaysiana 42(5), 2013, 553–560.
H. Bouwer, Groundwater Hydrology (New York: McGraw- hill Book Company 1978).
S. Shukla, and F. H. Jaber, in Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering (Ed.), Groundwater recharge from agricultural areas in the Flatwoods region of South Florida, 7 (Florida: University of Florida, 2006).
S. S. Sumioka, and H.H. Bauer, Estimating groundwater recharge from precipitation on Whidbey and Camano Islands, Island County, Washington, water years 1998 and 1999, Water-Resources Investigations Report, 03-4101: Tacoma, WA: U.S. Geological Survey, 2003.
C. Xi, Z. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Chen, M. Qian, and S. Peng, Estimation of groundwater recharge from precipitation and evapotranspiration by lysimeter measurement and soil moisture model, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 13(50), 2008, 333-340.
C. P. Kumar and P. V. Seethapathi, Assessment of natural groundwater recharge in upper Ganga canal command area, Journal of Applied Hydrology 15(4), 2002, 13-20.
M. Anderson and W. Woessner, Applied Groundwater Modeling. San diego: Academic, 1992.
M. A. Sophocleous, Combining the soil water balance and water-level fluctuation methods to estimate natural groundwater recharge: practical aspects. Journal of Hydrology 124, 1991, 229 – 241.
S. Chandra, Groundwater studies project, Final report, School of hydrology, University of Roorkee publication, 1979.
C. P. Kumar, Groundwater Assessment Methodology, National Institute of Hydrology, 2000, 21.
Banglapedia: Godagari upazila, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Internet website http://bpedia.org (last visit: 10-2-2014)
A. A. Masum, M. Z. Alam and A. Chowdhury, Potential Rainwater Harvesting For Irrigation in Godagari Upazila, Rajshahi, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. ISSN: 2248-9622, 3(6), 2013, 173-175.
H. M. Raghunath, Hydrology 1st ed., (H. S. Poplai for New Age International (P) Limited, 4835/24, Ansari Road, New Delhi-110002, 1997).
P. J. R. Reddy, A Text book of Hydrology (Laxmi Pulicatians (PVT.) Ltd, 7/21, Ansari Rood, Daryagonj, New Delhi-110002, ISBN: 81-7008-066-5).
S. K. Garg, Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures (Khanna publishers 2-B, Nath Market, Nai Sarak, Delhi-110006, 1976).
B.D.R. Misstear, L. Brown, & D. Daly, A methodology for making initial estimates of groundwater recharge from groundwater vulnerability mapping. Hydrogeology Journal 17(2), 2009, 275-285.