Motorcycle Taxis in Public Transportation Services within the Accra Metropolis
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 117-122
Received: Aug. 31, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 15, 2014; Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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Authors
Yaw Adubofour Tuffour, Department of Civil Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Daniel Kofi Nti Appiagyei, Department of Urban Roads, Ministry of Roads and Highways, Accra, Ghana
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Abstract
The Road Traffic Act (Act 683) passed in 2004 by the Parliament of Ghana precludes the use of motorcycles to carry fare-paying passengers, yet motorcycle taxi services are gradually gaining root within the public transportation sector in the Accra Metropolis, Ghana. Even though the services are not yet operated city-wide, they have begun raising public concern. This study looked at the operation and management of motorcycle taxi services in Accra and surveyed the opinions of operators, users and non-users on the services. It was established that motorcycle taxi services in the Accra Metropolis are patronized mostly by short-distance urban commuters, particularly during peak periods of traffic flow when there is heavy congestion. Patronage is gender- and age-biased as majority of patrons are male and young. Due to lack of regulation, the services tend to be concentrated along only a few routes perceived by the operators as profitable. Public opinion and acceptance of this form of public transportation are mixed. Of the 201 non-users interviewed, a slight majority (56%) thought that the ban implicit in the Road Traffic Act on such forms of public transportation must be enforced. Most (68%) of the patrons interviewed considered the services convenient for beating traffic congestion and safe due to the short trip lengths. Commuters who shy away from the services cited safety (46%) and illegality of services (34%) as their major concerns; only 4% cited the fear of falling into the hands of criminals as a concern. For the service providers, most of whom are no more than high school graduates, the taxis offer subsistence in a country where employment is hard to come by.
Keywords
Accra Metropolis, Congregation Points, Motorcycle Taxis, Public Transportation Services, Road Traffic Act
To cite this article
Yaw Adubofour Tuffour, Daniel Kofi Nti Appiagyei, Motorcycle Taxis in Public Transportation Services within the Accra Metropolis, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 117-122. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20140204.12
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