Experimental and Numerical Approaches to Overtopping Levee Breach Effects in a River and Floodplain
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 31-42
Received: Feb. 9, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 26, 2015; Published: Mar. 3, 2015
Views 2755      Downloads 257
Authors
Md. Serazul Islam, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur-1705, Bangladesh
Tetsuro Tsujimoto, Department of Civil Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This paper described the results to identify, characterize, and simulate the levee breach effects in a river and floodplain by overtopping. One-side levee model is built in a laboratory experimental flume as well as numerical simulation using sand with proper compaction. An initial condition provided for the overflow breach is considered with partial crest opening. Small-scale laboratory experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of overtopping levee breaching and investigated simultaneous phenomena appears in a river, levee and floodplain, and validated the results with same scale numerical simulations; and the results of both approaches were in conformity. The failure behavior of an earthen levee focuses on the effects of material sizes, river bed slopes and bed variations relative to floodplain. According to the results, the higher bed level brings more rapid propagation of the levee breach and widening with more sediment deposition in the floodplain area as well as river bed degradation in the upstream of the levee breach point may cause further risk of the levee breach during the next flood. Using finer bed materials, river bed deformation and sediment deposition in the floodplain are clearly make differences with coarser materials, also it create the normal flow problem through the river in future.
Keywords
Overtopping, Levee Breach, Inundation with Sediment Deposition, Laboratory Experiment, Numerical Simulation
To cite this article
Md. Serazul Islam, Tetsuro Tsujimoto, Experimental and Numerical Approaches to Overtopping Levee Breach Effects in a River and Floodplain, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 31-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20150302.12
References
[1]
Simm, J. and Wallis, M. (2012) “International guidance on levee” [Online]. Available: http://www.hrwallingford.com/projects/test-project. Date accessed: June 7, 2013.
[2]
Singh, V.P. (1996) “Dam-Breach Modeling Technology”. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 242 pp.
[3]
Broich, K. (1998) “Mathematical Modelling of Dam Break Erosion Caused by Overtopping”. Proc. of the CADAM Meeting, Munich, Germany.
[4]
Khalequzzaman, M. (1994) “Recent Floods in Bangladesh: Possible Causes and Solutions”. Natural Hazards, 9: 65-80.
[5]
Shalash, G. (1982) “Sedimentation in the Aswan High Dam Reservoir”. Hydrobiology, 92: 623-629.
[6]
Shahjahan, M. (1983) “Regional Co-operation in the Utilization of Water Resources of the Himalayan Rivers”. In, Zaman, M. (ed.) River Basin Development: Dublin, Tycooly International Publishing Ltd., pp. 114-130.
[7]
Siddiqui, M.F. (1983) “Management of River System in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Basin for Development of Water Resources”. In, Zaman, M. (ed.) River Basin Development: Dublin, Tycooly International Publishing Ltd., pp. 137-149.
[8]
Broadus, J., Milliman, J. and Edwards, S. (1986) “Rising Sea Level and Damming of Rivers; Possible Effects in Egypt and Bangladesh”. In, Proc. of United Nations Environments Programme and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Effects of Change in Stratospheric Ozone and Global Climate. New York, 4: 165-189.
[9]
Khalequzzaman, M. (1989) “Environmental Hazards in the Coastal Areas of Bangladesh: a Geologic Approach (summary)”. In, S. Ferraras and G. Pararas-Carayannis (eds.), Natural and Man-Made Hazards, Proc. of the International Conference on Natural and Man-Made Coastal Hazards, August 14-21, Ensenada, Mexico, pp. 37-42.
[10]
Visser, P.J., Zhu, Y. and Vrijling, J.K. (2006) “Breaching of Dikes”. Proc. of the 30th Conf. Coastal Eng., San Diego, USA, pp. 2893-2905.
[11]
Chinnarasri, C., Tingsanchali,, T., Weesakul, S. and Wongwises, S. (2003) “Flow Patterns and Damage of Dike Overtopping”. Intl. J. of Sediment Research, 18 (4): 301-309.
[12]
Hanson, G.J., Cook,K.R., and Britton, S.L. (2003). “Evaluating Erosion Widening and Headcut Migration Rates for Embankment Overtopping Tests”. ASAE International Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
[13]
Sharif, Y. A. (2013) “Experimental study on Piping failure of earthern levee and dams”. [Unpublished PhD Dissertation], Accepted by the Collage of Engineering and Computing, University of South Carolona, USA. 73 pp.
[14]
Hassan, M., Morris, M. and Hanson, G. J. (2004) “Breach Formation: Laboratory and Numerical Modeling of Breach Formation”. Proc. of the Annual Conference of the ASDSO, Phoenix, Arizona (in CD-ROM).
[15]
Kjetil, A. V., Lovoll, M.A., Hoeg, K, Morris, J., Hassan, M. and Hanson G. (2004) “Physical Modeling of Breach Formation; Large Scale Field Tests”. Proc. of the Annual Conference of the ASDSO, Phoenix, Arizona, (CD-ROM)
[16]
Hanson, G. J., Temple, D.M., Morris, M. and Hassan, M. and Cook, K. (2005) “Simplified Breach Analysis Model for Homogeneous Embankments: Part II, Parameter Inputs and Variable Scale Model Comparisons”. 25th USSD Annual Conference: Technologies to Enhance Dam Safety and the Environment, United States Society on Dams, U.S.A., pp. 163-174.
[17]
Fujita, Y. and Tamura, T. (1987a) “Enlargement of Breaches in Flood Levee on Alluvial Plains”. J. of Natural Disaster Science, 9 (1): 37-60.
[18]
Fujita, Y., Muramoto, Y. and Tamura, T. (1987b) “On the Inflow of River Water and Sediment due to Levee Breach”. Annual disasters prevention research Institute, Kyoto University, 30 (2): 527-549 (in Japanese).
[19]
Islam, M. Z., Okubo, K. and Muramoto, Y. (1994) “Embankment Failure and Sedimentation over the Flood Plain in Bangladesh: Field Investigation and Basic Model Experiments”. J. of Natural Disaster Science, 16 (1): 27-53.
[20]
Aureli, F. and Mignosa, P. (2001) “Comparison between Experimental and Numerical Results of 2D Flows due to Levee-Breaking”. XXIX IAHR Congress Proceedings, Theme C, September 16-21, Beijing, China.
[21]
Tsujimoto, T., Mizoguchi, A. and Maeda, A. (2006) “Levee Breach Process of a River by Overflow Erosion”. River flow 2006, Fluvial Hydraulics, Proceedings of IAHR Symposium, Lisbon, Taylor & Francis, pp. 1547-1555.
[22]
Shimada, T., Watanabe, Y., Yokoyama, H. and Tsuji, T. (2009) “An Experiment on Overflow-Induced Cross-Levee Breach at the Chiyoda Experimental Channel”. River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, 1: 475-481 (in Japanese).
[23]
Shimada, T., Hirai, Y. and Tsuji, T. (2010) “Levee Breach Experiment by Overflow at the Chiyoda Experimental Channel”. 9th Intl. Conference on Hydro-science and Engineering, IAHR August 2- 5.
[24]
Islam, M.S. and Tsujimoto, T. (2012a) “Comparisons of Levee Breach and Successive Disasters in Floodplain between Bangladesh and Japan”. Procedia Engineering, Elsevier publication, 28: 860-865.
[25]
Islam M. S. and Tsujimoto, T. (2012b) “Numerical Approach to Levee Breach as a Key of Flood Disasters in Low Land”. Int. J. of Civil Engineering, 4 (1): 23-39, India.
[26]
Iwagaki, Y. (1956) “Hydro-dynamical Study on Critical Tractive Force”. Transactions of the Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 41:1-21(in Japanese).
[27]
Itaya, S. and Tejima, T. (1951) “Weir Flow Formula of a Rectangle with a basis of Reebok`s Formula”. Proc. of the Society of Mechanical Engineers, 17 (56): 5-7 (in Japanese).
[28]
Kurokawa, H. and Fuchizawa, T. (1942) “Formula of Triangular Weir Flow”. Proc. of the society of Mechanical Engineers, 7 (27), 5 (in Japanese).
[29]
Ashida, K and Michiue, M. (1972) “Study on hydraulic resistance and sediment transport rate in alluvial stream”. Transactions, JSCE, 206: 55-69 (in Japanese).
[30]
Hasegawa, K. and Yamaoka, S. (1980) “The Effect of plane and bed forms of channels upon the meander development”. J. of Hydraulic, Coastal and Environmental Engineering, JSCE, 29: 143-152 (in Japanese).
[31]
Engelund, F. (1974) “Flow and Bed Topography in Channel Bend”. J. of Hydraulic Division, ASCE, 100(HY11): 1631-1648.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186