Deterioration and Service Life Prediction of Concrete Subjected to Freeze–Thaw Cycles in Na2SO4 Solution
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 104-110
Received: May 21, 2016;
Published: May 24, 2016
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Guo Li, School of Mechanics & Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China
Dan Wang, School of Mechanics & Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China
Jian-Min Du, School of Mechanics & Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China
To investigate the resistance of normal concrete to sulfate solution frost, concrete specimens with different water/cement (w/c) ratios, mineral admixture types, replacement ratios, and air contents were fabricated. Then, these specimens were frozen and thawed cyclically in 5% concentration Na2SO4 solution. As the freezing and thawing cycles proceeding, the appearance morphology, mass loss, and dynamic elastic modulus (DEM) of the specimens were observed. The service life of concrete that is subjected to the freeze–thaw cycles in Na2SO4 solution was calculated based on specimens' DEM losses. Results indicated that the appearance damage and mass loss of concrete along with the freeze–thaw cycles were unnoticeable until failure, and DEM losses played a controlling role in determining specimens' failure. In addition, a sudden fracture failure in the middle occurred easily in specimens with low w/c ratio. Decreasing concrete w/c ratio can slightly increase the concrete resistance to the freeze–thaw cycles in Na2SO4 solution, whereas incorporating fly ash or slag has almost no effect. Moreover, higher replacement ratio of fly ash or slag increases the adverse effects on concrete. Adding an air-entraining agent to concrete can significantly improve its resistance to the freeze–thaw cycles. Air content at 4.6% and 5.7% can extend the service life of concrete under the freeze–thaw cycles in Na2SO4 solution by more than 5 times its ordinary life span.
Deterioration and Service Life Prediction of Concrete Subjected to Freeze–Thaw Cycles in Na2SO4 Solution, American Journal of Civil Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2016, pp. 104-110.
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