Comparison of Various Bracing System for Self-Supporting Steel Lattice Structure Towers
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 60-68
Received: Dec. 27, 2016;
Accepted: Jan. 7, 2017;
Published: Feb. 4, 2017
Views 11372 Downloads 491
Abdulaqder M. Tah, Department of Civil and Engineering, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey
Kamiran M. Alsilevanai, Department of Civil and Engineering, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey
Mustafa Özakça, Department of Civil and Engineering, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey
This paper deals with the effectiveness of various bracing systems used in lattice towers. Seven types of bracings used in 4-legged square based self-supporting power transmission and telecommunication towers and four types of bracings used in 3-leg triangular based self-supporting telecommunication towers are analyzed. The investigated bracing systems are K, KD, Y, YD, D, XB and X. This study has focused on identifying the economical bracing system for a given range of tower heights. Towers of height 40 to 60 m for telecommunication and 35 m for transmission towers have been analyzed under critical loads such as wind and earthquake loads. The load cases include diagonal wind has been found to be most critical cases for towers. The performance of various bracing system has been identified and reported.
Abdulaqder M. Tah,
Kamiran M. Alsilevanai,
Comparison of Various Bracing System for Self-Supporting Steel Lattice Structure Towers, American Journal of Civil Engineering.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2017, pp. 60-68.
Oliveira, M., Silva, J., Vellasco, P., Andrade, S., & Lima, L. (2007). Structural analysis of guyed steel telecommunication towers for radio antennas. Journal Of The Brazilian Society Of Mechanical Sciences And Engineering, 29, 185-195.
Monopole Towers Manufacturer - Monopoles Tower Manufacturer from Delhi. 2016. Available: http://www.galvanisedstore.com/monopole-towers manufacturer.html. Accessed 28.12.2016.
Kroeker, D. (2000). Structural analysis of transmission towers with connection slip modeling. Ph.D. University of Manitoba.
Siddesha, H. (2010). Wind Analysis of Microwave Antenna Towers. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 1, p.574-584.
Kemp, A. R., & Behncke, R. H. (1998). Behavior of Cross-Bracing in Latticed Towers, Journal of Structural Engineering, 124, 360-367.
Albermani, F., Mahendran, M., & Kitipornchai, S. (2004). Upgrading of transmission towers using a diaphragm bracing system. Engineering Structures, 26, 735-744.
Albermani, F., S. Kitipornchai, and R. W. K. Chan. (2009). Failure analysis of transmission towers. Engineering Failure Analysis, 16, 1922-1928.
Alam, M. J., & Santhakumar, A. R. (1996). Reliability analysis and full-scale testing of transmission tower. Journal of Structural Engineering, 122 (3), 338-344.
Moon, B. W., Park, J. H., Lee, S. K., Kim, J., Kim, T., & Min, K. W. (2009). Performance evaluation of a transmission tower by substructure test. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 65, 1-11.
Albermani, F., Mahendran, M., & Kitipornchai, S. (2004). Upgrading of transmission towers using a diaphragm bracing system. Engineering Structures, 26 (6), 735-744.
Xie, Q., Yan, Q., & Li, J. (2006). Effects of Diaphragm on Wind Resistant Design of Power Transmission Towers [J]. High Voltage Engineering, 4, 000.
Qiang, X., Zhao-dong, D. I. N. G., Gui-feng, Z. H. A. O., & Jie, L. (2009). Wind resistant analysis of power transmission tower with different diaphragm arrangements. High Voltage Engineering, 35 (3), 683-687.
American tower. Collocation Considerations & Best Practices for Financial Services Organizations. A structural engineering perspective. Available at: http://www.americantower.com/Assets/uploads/files/PDFs/American_Tower_Financial_Services_Collocation_Best_Practices.pdf. Accessed 2016.
ASCE. Design of latticed steel transmission structures. Virginia: ASCE 10–97; 2000.
European Committee for Standardization. Eurocode 3 design of steel structures part 3–1: towers, masts and chimneys—towers and masts; 2005. Brussels.
TIA/EIA-222-G, (Draft). Structural Standards for Antenna Supporting Structures and Antennas.
TOWER (2013). Power Line System, Inc ©.
Silva, J. D., Vellasco, P. D. S., Andrade, S. D., & Oliveira, M. D. (2002). An evaluation of structural steel design systems for transmission and telecommunication towers. In Proceedings of International IASS Symposium «Lightweight Structures in Civil E.
Da Silva, J. G. S., Vellasco, P. D. S., De Andrade, S. A. L., & De Oliveira, M. I. R. (2005). Structural assessment of current steel design models for transmission and telecommunication towers. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 61, 1108-1134.
Varma, C. & Lal, P. (1998). Transmission line manual. 1st edition. New Delhi: Central Board of Irrigation and Power.
Nefzger, P., Kaintzyk, U. and Nolasco, J. F. (2003). Overhead power lines: planning, design, construction. 1st edition. Berlin: Springer.