Analysis and Remedies for Landslides Including Vegetation: A Case Study in Lebanon
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 320-330
Received: Aug. 18, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 19, 2017; Published: Oct. 12, 2017
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Ali Fawaz, University Institute of Technology, Lebanese University, Saida, Lebanon; Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Sarah Abdullah, Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Elias Farah, Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Fadi Hagechehade, University Institute of Technology, Lebanese University, Saida, Lebanon; Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
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This paper aims to study and analyze the instability of slopes, their causes and possible remedies. The studied slope is located in Lebanon, and it is regularly subjected to slope instability in the rainfall season. Based on different boreholes results for the same site, two models were modeled using Plaxis and Talren, they were both studied under the effect of water, excavation and seismic load. The results show that the water is a principle cause of slope instability, by decreasing the shear parameters of soil or by the inducing pore pressure due to running water between layers. Many remedies were applied, and their results were analyzed and studied. Soil reinforcements, nails and piles, were applied and as water content increased, the number of reinforcement needed was high. Vegetation and drainage are more efficient when it comes to water problems. Both vegetation and drainage were modeled and the number of needed reinforcement decreased significantly assuring their advantages alongside with the reduction of the remedy price and being environmental friendly.
Soil, Slope Stability, Safety Factor, Failure Surface, Piles, Nails, Vegetation
To cite this article
Ali Fawaz, Sarah Abdullah, Elias Farah, Fadi Hagechehade, Analysis and Remedies for Landslides Including Vegetation: A Case Study in Lebanon, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 320-330. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20170506.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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