Material Price Enfluence on the Optimum Design of Different Structural Members
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 331-338
Received: Aug. 25, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 7, 2017; Published: Oct. 13, 2017
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Salim Tayeb Yousif, Civil Engineering Department, Engineering College, Isra University, Amman, Jordan
Rabi Muyad Najem, Civil Engineering Department, Engineering College, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq
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This study presents the application of Genetic Algorithms (GAs) for the optimum cost design of reinforced concrete beams and columns based on the standard specifications of the American Concrete Institute (ACI 318-11). The produced optimization procedure satisfies the strength, serviceability, ductility, durability, and other constraints related to good design and detailing practice. While most of the approaches reported in this field have considered steel reinforcement only or cross-sectional dimensions of the members as design variables and for the flexural aspect in general, the dimensions and reinforcing steel in this study were introduced as design variables, considering the axial, flexural, shear, and torsion effects on the members. The aim of this study is to find the effect of material’s price on the optimum cost of beams and columns according to the local market using the GAs, by limiting the design procedure with many constraints that control the optimum design variables to a certain limits. It was found that the Genetic Algorithms is a sufficient method for finding the optimum solution smoothly and flawless with many complicated constraints. Also, increasing the applied torsion on a beam section with a constant cost ratio r will increase the optimum cost by about 3.8%.
Optimum Design, Genetic Algorithms, Material Price, Concrete Design, Optimum Cost
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Salim Tayeb Yousif, Rabi Muyad Najem, Material Price Enfluence on the Optimum Design of Different Structural Members, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 331-338. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20170506.13
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