Comparison between Strain-Based vs. Stress-Based Criteria in Seismic Performance Evaluation of High Arch Dams
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 1-8
Received: Oct. 24, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 30, 2014;
Published: Nov. 12, 2014
Views 4211 Downloads 299
Masood Heshmati, Department of Civil Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Seyed Mohammad Seyed Kolbadi, Departmet of Civil Engineering, Lame’i Gorgani University, Tehran, Iran
Seyed Mahdi Seyed Kolbadi, Department of Civil Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
In the present paper, seismic performance of a high concrete arch dam is evaluated based on both the stress and strain criteria. For this purpose, the finite element model of the selected arch dam-reservoir-foundation system was provided. Reservoir was modeled using Eulerian approach as a compressible domain and the foundation rock was assumed to be mass-less. Dynamic equilibrium equations for the coupled system were solved using Newmark’s time integration algorithm. Seismic performance evaluation of dam-foundation-reservoir systems were performed considering parameters such as demand-capacity ratio, cumulative inelastic duration and extension of overstressed (or overstrained) areas obtained from linear elastic analyses and compared with the real crack profile from nonlinear analysis. It was found that although results obtained for the stress and strain rules have similarities, performance evaluation based on the strain gives different results which can be lead to different decision making in dam safety related projects.
Seyed Mohammad Seyed Kolbadi,
Seyed Mahdi Seyed Kolbadi,
Comparison between Strain-Based vs. Stress-Based Criteria in Seismic Performance Evaluation of High Arch Dams, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Special Issue:Structural Analysis Progresses: Designing, Analyzing and Testing.
Vol. 3, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 1-8.
Bayraktar, A., et al. (2009), “Comparison of near and far fault ground motion effects on the seismic performance evaluation of dam-reservoir-foundation systems”, Dam Engineering, XIX (4), 201-239.
Chen, D.H., Du, C.B., Yuan, J.W. and Hong, Y.W., (2012), “An Investigation into the Influence of Damping on the Earthquake Response Analysis of a High Arch Dam”, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 16(3), pp.329-349.
Fok, K.L. and Chopra, A.K. (1986), “Hydrodynamic and foundation flexibility effects in earthquake response of arch dams”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 112 (8), 1810-1828.
Ghanaat, Y., (2004), “Failure modes approach to safety evaluation of dams”, 13th World Conference on earthquake engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Ghanaat, Y., (2002), “Seismic performance and damage criteria for concrete dams”, Proceedings of the 3rd US-Japan Workshop on Advanced Research on Earthquake Engineering for Dams. San Diego, California.
Hall, R. L., Matheu, E. E., and Liu, T. C., (1999), “Performance evaluation of the seismic response of concrete gravity dams”, International Conference on Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure Systems, Chongqing, China.
Hariri-Ardebili, M.A. and Mirzabozorg, H., (2011), “Investigation of Endurance Time Method Capability in Seismic Performance Evaluation of Concrete Arch Dams”, Journal of Dam Engineering, XXII (1), 35-64.
Hariri-Ardebili, M.A., Mirzabozorg, H., Ghaemian, M., Akhavan, M. and Amini, R., (2011),“Calibration of 3D FE model of DEZ high arch dam in thermal and static conditions using instruments and site observation”, Proceeding of the 6th International Conference in Dam Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal.
Hariri-Ardebili, M.A., Mirzabozorg, H. andGhaemian, M., (2011),“Seismic performance evaluation of high arch dams considering reservoir fluctuation”, Proceeding of the 6th International Conference in Dam Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal.
Hariri-Ardebili, M.A., Kolbadi, S.M., Heshmati, M. and Mirzabozorg, M., (2012), “Nonlinear Analysis of Concrete Structural Components using Co-axial Rotating Smeared Crack Model”, Journal of Applied Science, 12(3), pp.221-232.
Raphael, J. M. (1984), “The Tensile Strength of Concrete”, ACI Journal Proceedings, 81, pp. 158-165.
Studer, J.A., (2004), “Evaluation of earthquake safety of new and existing dams: Trends and experience”, 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August, Paper No. 233.
US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), (2007).“EM 1110-2-6053: Earthquake design and evaluation of concrete hydraulic structures”, Washington, D.C.
Yamaguchi, Y., Hall, R., Sasaki, T., Matheu, E., Kanenawa, K., Chudgar, A., and Yule, D., (2004), “Seismic performance evaluation of concrete gravity dams”, Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August, Paper No. 1068.
Wieland, M., and Fan, B.H., (2004), “The activities of the international commission on large dams (ICOLD) in the earthquake safety of large dams”, Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August, Paper No. 5051.
Wieland, M., Brenner R.P. and Sommer, P., (2003), “Earthquake resiliency of large concrete dams: Damage, repair, and strengthening concepts”, Proceedings of the 21st International Congress on Large Dams, ICOLD, Montreal, Canada.
Zhang, C., Pan, J. and Wang, J., (2009), “Influence of Seismic Input Mechanisms and Radiation Damping on Arch Dam Response”, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 29, pp.1282-1293.