Prediction of Sediment Deposition in Reservoir Using Analytical Method
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 290-297
Received: Aug. 23, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 31, 2016; Published: Sep. 18, 2016
Views 3206      Downloads 202
Authors
Rajendra Patil, Civil Engineering Department, Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad, India
Rajeev Shetkar, Civil Engineering Department, Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Sediment particles, a product of erosion in the catchment are transported along the river with flowing water. The construction of Weir, barrage or a dam causes obstruction to the flow resulting in reduction of velocity. The reduced velocity causes sedimentation resulting in reduction of storage capacity which affects the overall life of the reservoir. The sediment deposition in the reservoir is a continuous and complex process which affects the useful life of a reservoir. The quantification of sediment deposition in a reservoir is necessary for effective reservoir and river basin management. The present study has been carried out to assess sediment deposition in Koyna Reservoir which is located in the Western Maharashtra, India. In India most of the rainfall is caused due to the southwest monsoon during the period from June to September, massive convective thunderstorms dominate the weather. In the present study analytical methods are used for estimation of sediment deposited in the Koyna reservoir. For the prediction annual inflow data is used. The storage capacity of Koyna reservoir is calculated considering the loss of storage due to sediment deposition for a period from 1961 to 2375. The results obtained indicated a loss of reservoir capacity by the year 2004, as 267.25 Mm3 (9.55%). The physical measurement indicated that the Koyna reservoir had lost 293.09 Mm3 (10.48%) of its capacity by the year 2004. The results obtained by analytical method have 8.82% error compared with the actual measurements.
Keywords
Reservoir, Inflow, Sedimentation, Capacity, Deposition
To cite this article
Rajendra Patil, Rajeev Shetkar, Prediction of Sediment Deposition in Reservoir Using Analytical Method, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 290-297. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20160406.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Arnold, J. G., Williams, J. R., Nicks, A. D. and Sammons, N. B. “SWRRBWQ, A Basin Scale Simulation Model for Soil and Water Resources Management”, Texas A&M Press, College Station, TX. 1990.
[2]
ASCE Task Committee on Quantifying Land – Use Change effects of the Watershed Management and Surface – Water Committees of Irrigation and Drainage Division. “Evaluation of Hydrologic Models Used to Quality Major Land – Use Change Effects”, Journal of Irrigation and drainage Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 111, No. 2, pp. 1-17, 1985.
[3]
Central Water Commission (CWC). “Compendium on silting of reservoirs in India, Water Planning and Projects Wing, Environment Management Organisation, Watershed and Reservoir Sedimentation Directorate, CWC, New Delhi, India, 2001.
[4]
Chao, P. C. and Ahmed, S. “Mathematical model for reservoir sedimentation planning” International Water Power and Dam Construction, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 45-50, 1985.
[5]
Flaxman, E. M. “Predicting sediment yield in western US”, Journal of hydraulic division, ASCE, Vol. 100 (HY5), pp. 693-695, 1974.
[6]
Garde, R. J. (1995). Reservoir sedimentation. State of art report no. INCOH/SAR-6/95, INCOH, National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee.
[7]
Garde, R. J. and Kothyari, U. C. (1986) “Erosion in Indian Catchments”, International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Jackson, (Mississippi), USA.
[8]
Garde, R. J. and U. C. Kothari (1987) “Sediment Yield Estimation” CBIP publication, 97-120.
[9]
Garde, R. J., P. K. Swamee and M. E. Dalvi. “Estimation of progressive deposition in reservoirs”, Proceedings of 47th research session, CBIP Publication, Vol. I, pp. 1-50, 1978.
[10]
Goel M. K., Sharad K. Jain and P. K. Agarwal (2002), “Assessment of sediment deposition rate in Bargi Reservoir using digital image processing”, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 47 (S): S81-S92.
[11]
Haan, C. T., Johnson, H. P. and Brakenseik, D. L. “Hydrologic Modelling of Small Watersheds”, An ASAE Monograph, No. 5, ASAE, St. Joseph, MI, USA, 1982.
[12]
Jain Sanjay K., Pratap Singh and S. M. Seth (2002), “Assessment of sedimentation in Bhakra Reservoir in the western Himalayan region using remotely sensed data”, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 47 (2): 203-212
[13]
Kamel Khanchoul Mohamed Benslama, BoualemRemini (2010), ” Regressions on Monthly Stream Discharge to Predict Sediment Inflow to a Reservoir in Algeria”, Journal of Geography and Geology, 2 (1), 36-47
[14]
Lane, L. J., Shirley, E. D. and Singh, V. P. “Modelling Erosion on Hillslopes”, in ‘Modelling Geomorphological Systems”, edited by Anderson, M. G., John Wiley & Sons Ltd., pp. 287-308, 1988.
[15]
Lorup, J. K. and Styczen, M. “Soil Erosion Modeling”, in Distributed Hydrological Modelling’, edited by Abbott, M. B. and Refsgaard, J. C., Kluwier Academic Publishers, pp. 93-120, 1996.
[16]
Magar, R. B., and Jothiprakash, V. (2011), “Intermittent reservoir daily-inflow prediction using lumped and distributed data multi-linear regression models” Journal of Earth System Science, Vol. 120. No. 6, pp 1067-1084.
[17]
McKeogh, E. J. “Sedimentation control in Indian reservoirs”, International Water Power & Dam Construction, Vol. 33, No. 10, pp. 41-43, 1981.
[18]
Muftuoglu, R. F. “New models for Non-linear Catchment Analysis”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 73, pp. 335-357, 1984.
[19]
Musgrave, G. W. “The Quantitative Evaluation of Factors in Water Erosion – A First Approximation”, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 133-138, 1947.
[20]
Narayana, D. & Ram Babu (1983) “Estimation of soil erosion from India”, Irrig. Drain. Div. ASCE 109 (4), 419-434.
[21]
Santosh Kumar Garg. “Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures” Khanna Publishers, 2009.
[22]
Shangale, A. K. (1991). Reservoir sedimentation status in India. Jalvigyan Sameeksha, INCOH, NIH Roorkee, VI (1&2).
[23]
Swamee, P. K. “Reservoir capacity depletion on account of sedimentation”, International Journal of Sediment Research, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 408-415, 2001.
[24]
Technical Report on Sedimentation of Koyna Reservoir (1980, 1986 and 2004), MERI.
[25]
Ven Te Chow, “Statistical and Probability analysis of Hydrologic data”, Hand book of Hydrology, 1964.
[26]
Zingg, R. W. “Degree and Length of Land Slope as it Affects Soil Loss in Runoff”, Agricultural Engineering, Vol. 21, pp. 59-64, 1940.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186