Ocular Complications of Diabetes Mellitus Except for Diabetic Retinopathy
International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 77-80
Received: Sep. 27, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 29, 2019; Published: Nov. 5, 2019
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Authors
Chantal Makita, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo; Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, Brazzaville, Congo
Charles Géraud Fredy Nganga Ngabou, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo; Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, Brazzaville, Congo
Eyissa Nzi Gombé, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo
Reinette Messe Ambia Koulimaya, Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, Brazzaville, Congo
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Abstract
The Ocular complications of diabetes mellitus except for diabetic retinopathy have been poorly studied compared retinal complications, which are the main cause of blindness. We report the results of a prospective study reviewing the different ocular conditions encountered during diabetes. Four hundred (400) eyes of two hundred (200) patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes were examined during a period of 8 months. All included patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination. Fifty-seven diabetic patients were diagnosed of an ocular disease at a frequency of 28.5%. There were 42 male and 17 female patients with an average age of 57, 5 years old. The average duration of diabetes was 11.8 years. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was present in 59.6% of cases. Cataracts were the most common ocular diseases diagnosed in 45.6% of cases followed by primary or chronic open-angle glaucoma in 22.9% and hyperopia in 12.3% of cases. Corneal sensitivity was decreased in 52% of cases and bilateral optic neuropathy was found in 3.4% of cases (two hundred eyes). The ocular complications of diabetes mellitus except for diabetic retinopathy, are dominated by cataracts and glaucoma. But there are also neuropathies that may cause blindness. These conditions should therefore also be systematically screened for evaluations and reviews of potential degenerative complications in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Keywords
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Cataract, Glaucoma, Refractive Error
To cite this article
Chantal Makita, Charles Géraud Fredy Nganga Ngabou, Eyissa Nzi Gombé, Reinette Messe Ambia Koulimaya, Ocular Complications of Diabetes Mellitus Except for Diabetic Retinopathy, International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 77-80. doi: 10.11648/j.ijovs.20190404.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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