The Relation Between Age Related Macular Degeneration and Thyroid Disorders
International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 101-105
Received: Sep. 16, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 18, 2019; Published: Nov. 20, 2019
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Authors
Mona Abdelkader, Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt
Naglaa Abass, Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt
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Abstract
The Purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between thyroid -stimulating hormone (TSH), free tri-iodothyronine (T3), free thyroxine (T4), hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and age related macular degeneration (ARMD) incidence. Nine hundred and fifty patients with thyroid disorders versus five hundred and thirty eu-thyroid subjects were included in the study during the period from January 2014 to February 2019. Blood pressure, blood sugar level and cholesterol, smoking state were estimated. TSH, T3&T4 were measured. Retinal photography and optical coherence tomography were performed. Patients with hyperthyroidism had increased incidence of ARMD. Patients using thyroxine had also increased incidence of ARMD than non using of thyroxine. There were statistically higher significant percent of marriage, educational level and smoking in patients with thyroid disorders with ARMD than euthyroid (p=0.03. 0.06, 0.001 respectively). In thyroid disorders patients, there were a significant differences between patients had ARMD or had not as regard diabetes, hypertension and cholesterol level (p=0.04, 0.09, 0.03 respectively). We concluded that there were increased incidence of ARMD in both hyperthyroidism, and patients use the thyroxine.
Keywords
TSH, T4, T3, ARMD
To cite this article
Mona Abdelkader, Naglaa Abass, The Relation Between Age Related Macular Degeneration and Thyroid Disorders, International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Special Issue: The Relation Between Age Related Macular Degeneration and Thyroid Disorders. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 101-105. doi: 10.11648/j.ijovs.20190404.18
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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