The Role of Irrigation in Household Food Security in Upper Blue Nile Basin: The Case of Jedeb Irrigation Scheme, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2016, Pages: 108-116
Received: Aug. 27, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 16, 2016; Published: Dec. 20, 2016
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Author
Zewdu Siraw, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Debre Markose University, Debre MArkos, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Food security is the main problem of many developing countries. To improve the food security problem small scale irrigation practice is vital. Demographic characteristics and resource of households as well as Agricultural production were collected using structured questionnaires. The collected data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 12) and Household food balance model. The findings of this study showed that farmers who have plot on the irrigation scheme were in better condition in terms of production, livestock holding, oxen ownership, and income than their partners with no plot on the scheme in 2008/09. The study also shows that 17.54 % and 40.62 % of irrigation users and non users are found to be food insecure respectively. The regression analysis showed that access to irrigation, income, farm size, house hold size, livestock holding, as well as oxen ownership are the major determinants of household food security in the study area. The study concludes that small-scale irrigation significantly contributed to household food security.
Keywords
Small Scale Irrigation, Food Security, Food Insecurity, Income, Jedeb Irrigation Scheme, Food Balance Model, Income
To cite this article
Zewdu Siraw, The Role of Irrigation in Household Food Security in Upper Blue Nile Basin: The Case of Jedeb Irrigation Scheme, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2016, pp. 108-116. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20160104.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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