Assessing the Food Security of Vulnerable Agricultural Households to Climate Change in the Council of Tokombéré, Far North Région of Cameroon: An Analysis Focused on the FCS, HDDS and CSI
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages: 19-25
Received: Dec. 18, 2018; Accepted: Jan. 10, 2019; Published: Jan. 28, 2019
Views 347      Downloads 70
Authors
Moluh Njoya Hamza, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Soh Wenda Boris Dinictri, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This article evaluates the food security of agricultural producers vulnerable to climate change in the Tokombéré council through the analysis of food consumption scores, dietary diversity score and the analysis of the index of adaptability for the food. The data were collected using a questionnaire administered to 160 farm households that were selected by the stratified random sampling technique. Analysis of the data collected reveals that 82.5% of households are headed by men and 17.5% by women with very low level of education (55% have not been to school and only 45% have a primary level) and have an age between 50 and 75 (70.6%). The average SCA is 37.06 (acceptable), so 36.88% of households have an acceptable SCA of which in food security and 56.88% have a SCA limit of which moderately food insecure and 6.25% have a SCA poor whose food insecurity is severe. The average SDAM is 3.58 (acceptable) with a minimum SDAM of 2 and a maximum SDAM of 9. With SDAM; 90% and 79.12% of households are severely food insecure and moderately food insecure respectively. SDAM analyzes also show 75.6%, 20% and 4.4% of households with the lowest, average and highest dietary diversity respectively. The average CSI is 21.1 with a CSI min of 11 and a CSI max of 30.
Keywords
Food Security, Agricultural Household, Vulnerability, Climate Change, Tokombéré
To cite this article
Moluh Njoya Hamza, Fon Dorothy Engwali, Soh Wenda Boris Dinictri, Assessing the Food Security of Vulnerable Agricultural Households to Climate Change in the Council of Tokombéré, Far North Région of Cameroon: An Analysis Focused on the FCS, HDDS and CSI, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 19-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20190401.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Deutsche GesellschaftFü Internationale Zusammenarbeit, (GIZ) 2013. Report of the study on the vulnerability of municipalities in the Far North region to the effects of climate change.
[2]
Fourissala Robert H. et Gorno Jean, 2013 Climate change and migration in the Sahelian belt of Chad.Revista de historia, Juiz de Fora V18(02) 163-180.
[3]
High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE), 2012. Food security and climate change. Report of the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome.
[4]
United Nations (UN), 2017. Report of the Review Strategy for Food Security and Nutrition in Cameroon.
[5]
Solidarités International (SI), 2015. Evaluation Report, Minawao Camp, Far North Cameroun .
[6]
Morton John F., (2007) The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistenc agriculture 104(50) 19680-19685.
[7]
World Food Program (WFP), 2014. Rapid Assessment of Food Security for Central African Refugees and Host Populations in Eastern and Adamaoua Regions.
[8]
DIBANGO Prisca M., (2016). Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Food Security of Cocoa Producing Households in the Mbalmayo Locality, Center Region (Engineering thesis). Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences of the University of Dschang, Cameroon.
[9]
World Food Program (WFP), (2007). Global Analysis of Food Security and Vulnerability (CFSVA) in Cameroon. Registered office: Via C. G. Viola 68, Parco de 'Medici, 00148, Rome, Italy.
[10]
Soh Wenda B. D., (2018) Integrating nutrition in agriculture extension services and its implications for rural household food security: Case of Bamboutos division, West region of Cameroon (Engineering thesis). Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences of the University of Dschang, Cameroun.
[11]
World Food Program (WFP), 2013. Final Report of the Survey of Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in West and North-West Côte d'Ivoire.
[12]
Agbo, A. E., Kouame C., Kalhia J., Jiby L., Coulibaly L., Mahyao A. et Kehlenbeck K., (2015). Feeding habits and nutritionalstatus of youngchildren and theirmothers in cocoa producing smallholders households in South-West Cote d’Ivoire. Ibadan : ICRAF/IITA.
[13]
Richard Caldwellet Daniel Maxwell, 2008. The CopingStrategies Index, A tool for rapidmeasurement of householdfoodsecurity and the impact of foodaid programs in humanitarian emergencies.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186